Q.1) The idea of a caste census is back in the realm of public debate, following the Tamil Nadu government’s decision to establish a commission to collect caste-wise data. Discuss the significance and challenges of conducting a caste based census in India. (150 words)

Why this question?

  • There is an ongoing debate on conducting a caste based census in India.

Key demand of the question: Significance and challenges of conducting a caste based census in India

Directive word:

  • Discuss-  Debate the issue and give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Introduction: Mention in brief about the background of caste enumeration in India


  • Shortcomings of census in covering the effects of caste as an aspect of Indian social structure in everyday life.
  • Significance of caste based census: Broader caste information is a necessity to capture contemporary Indian society and to understand and remedy inequalities.
  • Challenges:
    • A large administrative exercise 
    • Political and social repercussions of a caste census
    • Difficult to measure

Conclusion: Summarize the discussion