Q.1) Self-reliance in defence manufacturing is one of the crucial components of “Atmanirbhar Bharat”. Discuss.

Why this Question:

Prime Minister Narendra Modi on Sunday handed over the indigenous main battle tank Arjun Mk­1A to the Army

Key demand of the question:

Importance of achieving self-reliance in the defence sector and ways to achieve it.


Discuss- back up the answer by carefully selected evidence to make a case for and against an argument, or point out the advantages and disadvantages of the given context and finally arrive at a conclusion.


Introduce by mentioning the level of GDP that India spends on defence procurements.


In the first part, write about the benefits of defence manufacturing in India- reduce imports, promote exports, reduce dependence of such a crucial sector, etc.

In the next part, mention some of the initiatives taken by the government in this context. Also mention the challenges ahead.


Conclude with a way forward.