Q.3) Right to assemble peacefully without arms is an important component of fundamental rights. Highlight its significance in the wake of recent farmer protests.

Why this question:

This issue has been in the news in the wake of farmer protests due to the Farm laws passed by the government recently.

Key demand of the question:

Explain the reasons for the farmers’ protests and the solutions needed.


Write about the fundamental right to assemble peacefully and without arms under Article 19 (1) (b) under the Right to Freedom.


In the first part, give a brief introduction about the three farm laws and the causes of farmer protests and their concerns.

In the next part, write about the recent SC judgment where it said farmers have a constitutional right to continue with their “absolutely perfect” protest as long as their dissent against the three controversial agricultural laws did not slip into violence. However, all fundamental rights are subject to certain restrictions and so is the right to assemble peacefully and without arms. Discuss in detail the related nuances.


Conclude with certain measures that should be adopted by the government to address the grievances of the protesting farmers.