Q.4) Illegal coal mining has affected both the environment as well as human lives. Critically analyze the reasons for legal mining activities and how they can be resolved.

Why this question:

Recently, there have been deaths in Meghalaya due to illegal coal mining.

Key demand of the question:

List the consequences of illegal coal mining on the health of human beings and environment and give steps to control it.


Critically analyze- The key to tackling this question is providing ample evidence to support the claims. Ensure that the analysis is balanced by shedding light on, and presenting a critique of, and alternative perspectives. Present extensive evidence taken from a varying range of sources.


Give a brief introduction about illegal coal mining.


In the first part, mention the issues related to illegal coal mining and categorically mention its consequences on health and environment and the ban by NGT on illegal/ rat- hole mining in 2014.

Highlight the recent disaster in Meghalaya and other similar instances that led to tragic loss of human lives.

In the next part, suggest steps to address the issue. Also mention about the National Mineral Policy and the role it can play in addressing the issues of equity and sustainable mining.


Conclude with a way forward.