India to co-chair Consultative Group (CG) of Global Facility for Disaster Reduction and Recovery (GFDRR)


  • India is unanimously chosen as co-chair of the Consultative Group (CG) of Global Facility for Disaster Reduction and Recovery (GFDRR) for the fiscal year 2020.
  • The decision was taken during the CG meeting of GFDRR held in Geneva, Switzerland, on the margins of the 6thSession of the Global Platform for Disaster Risk Reduction (GPDRR) 2019.
  • The CG Meeting was co-chaired by Africa Caribbean and Pacific (ACP) Group of States, the European Union (EU) and World Bank.
  • Additionally, GFDRR in cooperation with the UNDRR and the EU is also organizing the 4thedition of World Reconstruction Conference (WRC) on May 13-14, 2019.
  • Disaster Resilient Infrastructure (DRI) will be a central theme of engagement with the GFDRR partners and stakeholders.
About GFDRR:
  • Well, the GFDRR is a global partnership that helps developing countries to better understand and also reduce their vulnerability to natural hazards and the climate change.
  • The GFDRR is a grant-funding mechanism, which is managed by the World Bank, that supports disaster risk management projects worldwide.
  • However, it is presently working on the ground with over 400 local, national, regional, and international partners and also provides knowledge, funding, and the technical assistance.
  • India became member of CG of GFDRR in 2015 and expressed its interest to co-chair in last meeting of CG held in October 2018.
  • India’s candidature was backed by its consistent progress in disaster risk reduction (DRR) in the country and its initiative to form a coalition on disaster resilient infrastructure.
  • This will give the country an opportunity to work with the member countries and organizations of GFDRR with a focused contribution towards advancing the disaster risk reduction agenda during the course of the year.

The central government extends ban on LTTE for five years

  • Well, the Central Government has extended the ban on the Liberation Tigers of the Tamil Eelam (LTTE) for another five years under the subsections (1) and (3) of the section 3 of the Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act, 1967 with an immediate effect.
  • Well, the notification states that the LTTE’s continued violent and also the disruptive activities are prejudicial to the integrity and the sovereignty of India; and it continues to adopt a strong anti-India posture as also continues to pose a grave threat to the security of an Indian nationals.
About the Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act (UAPA):
  • Well, this law is aimed at effective prevention of an unlawful activities associations in India.
  • In fact, its main objective is to make powers available for the dealing with activities directed against the integrity and the sovereignty of India.
  • Furthermore, the Act makes it a crime to support any secessionist movement or to support the claims by a foreign power to what India claims as its territory.
  • The UAPA, framed in the year of 1967, has been amended twice since: first in 2008 and then in the year of 2012.
Provisions of the act:
  • Well, the Act introduces a vague definition of the terrorism to encompass a wide range of non-violent political activity, including the political protest.
  • It empowers the government to declare an organisation as terrorist and ban it. However, the mere membership of such a proscribed organisation itself becomes a criminal offence.
  • It allows detention without a charge sheet for up to 180 days and police custody can be up to 30 days.
  • Moreover, it creates a strong presumption against bail and also anticipatory bail is out of the question. It creates a presumption of guilt for the terrorism offences merely based on the evidence allegedly seized.
  • It authorises the creation of special courts, with wide discretion to hold in-camera proceedings (closed-door hearings) and use secret witnesses but contains no sunset clause and provisions for mandatory periodic review.
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