India to co-chair Consultative Group (CG) of Global Facility for Disaster Reduction and Recovery (GFDRR)
- India is unanimously chosen as co-chair of the Consultative Group (CG) of Global Facility for Disaster Reduction and Recovery (GFDRR) for the fiscal year 2020.
- The decision was taken during the CG meeting of GFDRR held in Geneva, Switzerland, on the margins of the 6thSession of the Global Platform for Disaster Risk Reduction (GPDRR) 2019.
- The CG Meeting was co-chaired by Africa Caribbean and Pacific (ACP) Group of States, the European Union (EU) and World Bank.
- Additionally, GFDRR in cooperation with the UNDRR and the EU is also organizing the 4thedition of World Reconstruction Conference (WRC) on May 13-14, 2019.
- Disaster Resilient Infrastructure (DRI) will be a central theme of engagement with the GFDRR partners and stakeholders.
- Well, the GFDRR is a global partnership that helps developing countries to better understand and also reduce their vulnerability to natural hazards and the climate change.
- The GFDRR is a grant-funding mechanism, which is managed by the World Bank, that supports disaster risk management projects worldwide.
- However, it is presently working on the ground with over 400 local, national, regional, and international partners and also provides knowledge, funding, and the technical assistance.
- India became member of CG of GFDRR in 2015 and expressed its interest to co-chair in last meeting of CG held in October 2018.
- India’s candidature was backed by its consistent progress in disaster risk reduction (DRR) in the country and its initiative to form a coalition on disaster resilient infrastructure.
- This will give the country an opportunity to work with the member countries and organizations of GFDRR with a focused contribution towards advancing the disaster risk reduction agenda during the course of the year.
The central government extends ban on LTTE for five years
About the Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act (UAPA):
- Well, the Central Government has extended the ban on the Liberation Tigers of the Tamil Eelam (LTTE) for another five years under the subsections (1) and (3) of the section 3 of the Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act, 1967 with an immediate effect.
- Well, the notification states that the LTTE’s continued violent and also the disruptive activities are prejudicial to the integrity and the sovereignty of India; and it continues to adopt a strong anti-India posture as also continues to pose a grave threat to the security of an Indian nationals.
Provisions of the act:
- Well, this law is aimed at effective prevention of an unlawful activities associations in India.
- In fact, its main objective is to make powers available for the dealing with activities directed against the integrity and the sovereignty of India.
- Furthermore, the Act makes it a crime to support any secessionist movement or to support the claims by a foreign power to what India claims as its territory.
- The UAPA, framed in the year of 1967, has been amended twice since: first in 2008 and then in the year of 2012.
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- Well, the Act introduces a vague definition of the terrorism to encompass a wide range of non-violent political activity, including the political protest.
- It empowers the government to declare an organisation as terrorist and ban it. However, the mere membership of such a proscribed organisation itself becomes a criminal offence.
- It allows detention without a charge sheet for up to 180 days and police custody can be up to 30 days.
- Moreover, it creates a strong presumption against bail and also anticipatory bail is out of the question. It creates a presumption of guilt for the terrorism offences merely based on the evidence allegedly seized.
- It authorises the creation of special courts, with wide discretion to hold in-camera proceedings (closed-door hearings) and use secret witnesses but contains no sunset clause and provisions for mandatory periodic review.