Prime Minister Narendra Modi and President Xi Jinping on Thursday agreed to expedite the dialogue on the India-China boundary talks for securing a “fair” solution.

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  • The two leaders met in Bishkek, the capital of Kyrgyzstan, where they will participate in the summit of the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO).
  • The two leaders have asked the Special Representatives to meet and carry forward the discussion and have instructed them to expedite the discussion in this regard for achieving a fair, reasonable and mutually acceptable solution
    • The border dispute dates back to the 1962 India-China war. Several rounds of talks have not yielded results.
    • So far, the two countries have held 21 rounds of talks to resolve differences over the 3488-km long Line Actual Control (LAC).
    • The last round of talks was held in November last when Ajit Doval of India and Wang Yi of China met in Chengdu for the 21st round of talks between the Special Representatives.
  • The attention on the border issue acquires significance as the Chinese President is expected to visit India later this year for a summit with Mr Modi.
  • Xi also highlighted the need for regional cooperation and connectivity and singled out the Bangladesh-China-India-Myanmar (BCIM) economic corridor as an example for expanding the India-China ties, which had entered a “new phase” after the Wuhan informal summit.
  • The two sides agreed to celebrate the 70th anniversary of their diplomatic ties in a "fitting manner" by holding 70 events - 35 each - in both countries

India China meet in recent times

  • The two leaders have met more than 10 times in the last five years, including thrice after their informal summit in Wuhan.
    • The 2018 Wuhan summit between Modi and Xi was largely credited to have turned around the bilateral ties soured by the 73-day Doklam standoff, triggered by Chinese troops attempts to build a road close to the Indian border in an area also claimed by Bhutan in 2017.
  • President Xi confirmed his readiness to visit India this year for the next informal summit.
    • By definition, informal summits lack the protocol and ceremony of formal ones, including delegation-level talks and a pre-set agenda for discussions.

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