Swadhar Greh Schemes:
- Well, it aims to ensure the economic and the social security to women in distress or victims of difficult circumstances who are in need of the institutional support for rehabilitation so that they can lead their life with the dignity.
- However, it envisages providing shelter, food, clothing and also the health as well as economic and social security for these women.
Sukanya Samriddhi Scheme Objective: Aims to ensure equitable share to a girl child in resources and savings of a family Scheme:
- For Prevention of trafficking, with five specific components;
- (i) Prevention, which includes the formation of the community vigilance groups/adolescents groups, awareness and also sensitization of important functionaries like policy, community leaders and the preparation of awareness generation materials, holding workshops, etc.; (ii) Rescue, for safe withdrawal of the victim from the place of exploitation.; (iii) The rehabilitation, which includes providing the safe shelter for the victims with the basic amenities such as food, clothing, counseling, medical care, legal aid, vocational training and also the income generation activities, etc.; (iv) Reintegration, for restoring the victim into the family/community (if she so desires) and the accompanying costs; (v) The repatriation, to provide the support to cross – border victims for their safe repatriation to their country of the origin.
Sakhi One Stop Centres (OSC)
- It is a small deposit scheme for girl child launched under "Beti Bachao, Beti Padhao" Scheme
- The scheme offers a higher interest rate than PPF.
- But it is only for girls below the age of 10 years with a longer lock-in period.
- The deposits can be made in this account up to 14 years from the date of opening of the account. After this period, the account will only earn interest according to the applicable rates.
- Aim: To provide integrated services for women affected by violence.
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- Well, it is being implemented since April 1, in the year of 2015.
- It is funded from Nirbhaya Fund.
- However, it aims to facilitate access to the integrated range of the services which include the medical aid, police assistance, legal aid and the case management, psychosocial counselling and the temporary support services to women affected by the violence.
- And, under the scheme, it has been envisaged that the Sakhi OSCs will be set up across the country in a phased manner.
- In fact, in the first phase, one center was sanctioned per state/UT.
- Furthermore, the 150 additional centers were taken up in a second phase.
- The 50 additional OSCs were recently approved by the WCD Ministry.
- The currently, 168 Sakhi OSCs are operational in 32 States/UTs.
- Well, it is also called the "Save girl child, educate girl child"
- In fact, it aims to address the issue of declining the Child Sex Ratio (CSR) through a mass campaign across the country targeted at the changing societal mindsets and to creating awareness about the criticality of the issue
- Then, it will cover all the 640 districts (as per census 2011) of the country to have a deeper positive impact on the Child Sex Ratio (CSR).
- The implemented under the overall guidance and also the supervision of the concerned District Magistrate/Deputy Commissioners.
- However, the Union Ministry of the Women and the Child Development (WCD) is the nodal ministry for the programme at the central level.
- And, the focus of BBBP is on awareness and also the advocacy campaign, multi-sectoral action enabling girls’ education and also the effective enforcement of the Pre-Conception & the Pre Natal Diagnostic Techniques (PC&PNDT) Act.
- The specific objectives of the scheme are preventing gender-biased sex-selective elimination, ensuring survival and protection of the girl child and ensuring education and participation of the girl child.
Indira Gandhi Matritva Sahayog Yojana
- Launched in 2015 from Panipat
- The Madhuri Dixit is the brand ambassador of this scheme.
- The Child Sex Ratio (0–6 years) in India was 927 girls per 1,000 boys in the year of 2001, which dropped drastically to 918 girls for every 1,000 boys in the year of 2011
- 100% Centrally Sponsored Scheme
- Well, the Conditional Maternity Benefit (CMB) for the pregnant and the lactating women to improve their health and the nutrition status to better-enabling environment by providing the cash incentives to the pregnant and the nursing mothers.
- However, it is being implemented by using the platform of Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS) Scheme
- The beneficiaries are paid Rs.6000/ in two installments through bank accounts or post office accounts.
- The first installment is given in the third trimester i.e. seven to nine months of pregnancy and
- The Second installment is given six months after delivery on fulfilling specific conditions.
- The beneficiaries would be pregnant women of 19 years of age and above for first two live births (benefit for stillbirths will be as per the norms of the scheme).
- However, all the Government/PSUs (Central & State) employees are excluded from the scheme as they are entitled to paid maternity leave.
- The scheme addresses short term income support objective with long term objective of behavioral and attitudinal changes.
Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS) Objectives:
- Started in 2010
- To improve both the nutritional and the health status of the children in the age-group 0-6 years;
- To lay the foundation for the proper psychological, physical and also the social development of the child;
- However, to reduce the incidence of the mortality, morbidity, malnutrition and also the school dropout;
- To achieve the effective coordination of the policy and the implementation amongst the various departments to promote child development; and
- And, furthermore, to enhance the capability of the mother to look after the normal health and also the nutritional needs of the child through the proper nutrition and also the health education.
- It is a Centrally sponsored Scheme implemented by States/UTs across the country.
- Following six services are provided under ICDS:
- Supplementary nutrition (SNP),
- Health check-up,
- Referral services,
- Pre-school non-formal education and
- Nutrition & health education is provided.
National Nutrition Mission
- Launched in 1975
- WB and UNICEF supports it
Function of NNM
- The NNM is an apex body under the Ministry of the Women and the Child Development
- In fact, it will monitor, supervise, fix targets and the guide nutrition-related interventions across the Ministries.
- Furthermore, it will monitor the various schemes contributing towards addressing the malnutrition.
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- Introducing a very robust convergence mechanism including an ICT based Real Time monitoring system.
- In fact, it will incentivize states/UTs for meeting the targets.
- Furthermore, it will also incentivize Anganwadi Workers (AWWs) for using IT-based tools. It will eliminate registers used by AWWs.
- Moreover, it will introduce the measurement of the height of the children at the Anganwadi Centres (AWCs).
- It will aid to conduct Social Audits.
- Furthermore, it will also set-up the Nutrition Resource Centres, involving the masses through the Jan Andolan for their participation on the nutrition through the various activities, among the others.
SABLA – The Rajiv Gandhi Scheme for the Empowerment of the Adolescent Girls
- Well, it will be rolled out in the three phases from the year 2017-18 to 2019-20.
- It will set targets to reduce stunting, under-nutrition, anemia among young children, women and adolescent girls and reduce low birth weight by 2%, 2%, 3% and 2% per annum respectively.
- And, its implementation strategy will be based on the intense monitoring and also Convergence Action Plan right up to grass root level.
- Though NMM has set a target to reduce stunting is at least 2% per annum, but it will strive to achieve a reduction in stunting to 25% by 2022 (Mission 25 by 2022) from approx. 38.4% (NFHS-4).
- The Ministry/Department: The Ministry of Women and the Child Development
- Objective: Aims at all-round development of adolescent girls of 11-18 years (with a focus on all out-of-school AGs) by making them ‘self-reliant’.
- Centrally Sponsored Scheme
- It uses ICDS infrastructure to deliver services
- 2 major focus areas:
- Nutrition: Take Home Ration or Hot Cooked Meal
- Skill development: Health check-up, Supplements, Vocational training, etc.
Women Empowerment and the Livelihood Programme in the Mid-Gangetic Plains – “Priyadarshini”
- Launched in 2010
- Short Stay Homes:
- • It provides temporary accommodation, maintenance, and rehabilitative services through voluntary organizations to homeless women and girls. • Under the scheme, temporary shelter to the needy women and girls is provided for 6 months to 3 years. • Children accompanying the mother or born in the home are permitted to stay in the home up to the age of 7 years, after which they may be referred to children’s institutes. • Rehabilitation of residents is provided with vocational training and skill development to make them economically independent and self-reliant.
- Working Women’s’ Hostel: In order to promote greater mobility of women in the employment market and to provide suitable, safe and inexpensive accommodation to women residing away from their hometowns to be able to work, working women’s hostels exist.
National Mission For Empowerment of Women (NMEW) / Mission Poorna Shakti
- The project is assisted by the IFAD. However, it aims at holistic empowerment (economic and social) of vulnerable groups of the women and the adolescent girls in the project area through the formation of the women’s Self Help Groups (SHGs) and promotion of the improved livelihood opportunities. • However, over 1,00,000 households are to be covered under the project and 7200 SHGs will be formed during the project period ending in the year of 2016-17. • Though the focus of the project is on livelihood enhancement, the beneficiaries will be empowered to address their political, legal and health problems through rigorous capacity building. • National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development (NABARD) is the lead programme agency for the implementation.
Janani Suraksha Yojna
- The Ministry: The Ministry of Women and the Child Development
- It aims to achieve holistic empowerment of women through the convergence of schemes/ programmes of different Ministries/Department of Government of India as well as State Governments.
- Well, a Conditional Cash Transfer Scheme for the pregnant and the lactating women was introduced in October, in the year of 2010 to contribute to the better enabling environment by providing the cash incentives for improved health and the nutrition to pregnant and the nursing mothers.
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- However, the scheme attempts to partly compensate for the wage loss to the Pregnant & Lactating women both prior to and after the delivery of the child. • The beneficiaries are paid Rs. 4,000/- in three installments per P & L woman between the second trimester and till the child attains the age of 6 months on fulfilling the specific conditions related to maternal and also the child health. However, being implemented on a pilot basis in 53 selected districts using the platform of ICDS, 12.5 lakh P & L women are expected to be covered every year under the IGMSY. • The pregnant women of 19 years of age and the above for the first two live births are eligible under the scheme. • In fact, all organized sector employees are excluded from the Scheme as they are entitled to the paid maternity leave. And, under the IGMSY scheme, the transfer of the amount to the beneficiary is done through the bank/post office only. • But, the modalities of the cash transfer are decided by the state governments/ union territories. • The modes of cash transfer include – nationalized bank, post office, cooperative bank, a business correspondent model of the bank, etc. The IGMSY is a Centrally Sponsored Scheme under which the amount is given as grant-in-aid to the state governments/union territories. • Moreover, the scheme is now covered under the Direct Benefit Transfer (DBT) programme.