Election watchdog release a report which is based on the analysis of affidavits filed by the candidates with the Election Commission of India. Findings of report
Major reason for Increase in candidate with criminal background
- Candidates with criminal cases increased: The share of candidates with criminal cases increased from 15% to 19% between the 2009 and 2019 elections
- Share of crorepati candidate increases: The share of crorepati candidates increased from 16% to 29%.
- Candidates are also far richer than the voters they represent: 50% candidates contesting the 2019 elections own net assets worth less than Rs 23.1 lakh. But, according to Credit Suisse’s Global Wealth Report 2018, 50% Indians had wealth worth less than $1,289 or about Rs 90,617 at the current exchange rate
Impact If campaigns are self-financed, then candidates may view contesting elections as an investment rather than a sunk cost, leading to greater levels of corruption in office as legislators try to recoup the costs of contesting elections. Source: https://www.hindustantimes.com/editorials/how-representative-are-our-representatives/story-66nCGMc83xtBhSXg0gCFuI.html
- Collapse of the election finance regime
- A continuing breakdown of the law and order situation.
- Rising Cost of campaign: Parties are unable to afford soaring costs of election campaigns. Therefore, self-financing by candidates is encouraged.