Well, "There is no child below the age of the 14 years will be employed to work in any factory or mine or employed in any hazardous employment." In 1986, the Child Labour (Prohibition and Regulation) Act was enacted to prohibit the employment of children below the age of 14 in hazardous occupations identified in a list by the law. The list included 83 occupations. The National Policy on Child Labour of 1987, implemented in 1988 focused on the rehabilitation of children working in hazardous occupations. The Policy contains:

  • The legislative action plan: Well, the Government has enacted the Child Labour (Prohibition & the Regulation) Act, 1986 to prohibit the engagement of the children in certain employment and also to regulate the conditions of work of the children in certain other employment.
  • In fact, focus on and also convergence of the general development of the programmes for the benefiting children wherever possible, A Core Group on the convergence of various welfare schemes of the Government has been constituted in the Ministry of the Labour & Employment to ensure that, the families of the Child Labour are given priority for their upliftment.
  • The project-based action plan of the action for the launching of the projects for the welfare of the working children in areas of the high concentration of the Child Labour.
Important Provisions of the Child Labour (Prohibition and Regulation) Amendment Act, 2016:
  • Well, it prohibits “the engagement of the children in all the occupations and of adolescents in the hazardous occupations and the processes”.
  • The adolescents refer to those under the 18 years; the children to those under 14.
  • The list of hazardous occupations for adolescents brought down from 83 (in the original Act) to include only mining, explosives, and occupations mentioned in the Factory Act as hazardous occupations.
  • Moreover, section 3 in clause 5 allows the child labour in “the family or family enterprises” or allows the child to be “an artist in audio-visual entertainment industry”. Working Hours- NOT Mentioned, Only the mention that- children may work after school hours or during vacations. (This provision is not beneficial for families trapped in intergenerational debt bondage, even it is a known fact now that kids in reality TV shows suffer from depression and anxiety and pressure to perform better)
  • In 2017, India took a step forward towards commitment for a child labour free India by ratifying the two Core Conventions of International Labour Organization (ILO)
    • Convention 138- The Minimum Age Convention regarding admission of age to employment
    • Convention 182 regarding the worst forms of Child Labour
  Read More Articles: Art.300A – Right to Property is not a Fundamental Right Article 27 & The Haj Subsidy Issue.