Context: Researchers from the Indian Institute of Technology Madras are collaborating with their counterparts in Germany to develop new materials for green energy solutions.

More on the news:

  • The project has been taken up under the Scheme for Promotion of academic and Research Collaboration or SPARC.
  • It aims at developing alternative technologies to produce green hydrogen in anticipation of the transition to a hydrogen-based economy.


  • The conventional methods of generating hydrogen result in a large quantity of carbon dioxide, a greenhouse gas that imposed serious environmental concerns. 
  • Whereas electrochemical splitting of water, called ‘Water Electrolysis’ (WE), is clean, facile, and highly efficient technology for large-scale production of high-purity H2.

About Scheme for Promotion of academic and Research Collaboration (SPARC)

  • It is a Ministry of Human Resource Development initiative.
  • It aims at improving the research ecosystem of India’s Higher Educational Institutions by facilitating academic and research collaborations between Indian Institutions and the best institutions in the world.
  • Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur is the National Coordinating Institute to implement the SPARC programme.
Source: https://www.thehindu.com/news/cities/chennai/iitm-german-institute-collaborating-to-develop-green-energy-solutions/article31917999.ece#:~:text=The project, taken up under,Ministry of Human Resource Development.