In News: Kashmiri Pandits celebrated the festival of MahaShivratri,that is locally called Herath.
- The Pandits constituted around 2% of the population of the Valley in 1990 and witnessed a mass migration in the face of the 1989 armed rebellion.
- In Kashmir Shaivism, Mahashivaratri is called Har-Ratri or Herath.
- It is a festival celebrated annually to honour Lord Shiva and also marks the day of the marriage between Lord Shiva and Goddess Parvati.
- As per legends, the festival also commemorates the day Shiva saved the world from the pot of poison that emerged during the great mythical churning of the ocean called Samudra Manthan.
- Prayers held on the day after night long Mahashivaratri are called Salaam in Kashmir.
- Walnuts and fish dishes are central to the festival.
- Kashmir Shaivism is a school of Śaivism identical with trika Śaivism categorized by various scholars as monistic idealism, transcendental materialism.
- These approaches suggest that Cit - consciousness - is the one reality and that matter is not distinct from consciousness, but rather different aspects of the same reality.
- There is no real separation between God and the world. They are one reality.
- Unlike what the Advaita proponents argue, the followers of Kashmir Shaivism hold the opinion that the world is not an illusion but very real.
- Advaita Vedanta is one version of Vedanta.
- The propounder of Advaitvad was Sankaracharya.
- The essential philosophy of Advaita is an idealist monism, and is considered to be presented first in the Upaniṣads.
- According to Advaita metaphysics, Brahman—the ultimate, transcendent and immanent God of the latter Vedas—appears as the world because of its creative energy (maya).
- The world has no separate existence apart from Brahman.
- The experiencing self (jiva) and the transcendental self of the Universe (atman) are in reality identical (both are Brahman), though the individual self seems different as space within a container seems different from space as such.
- Cardinal Doctrine: “ brahma satyam jagan mithya; jīvo brahma viva na aparah” (Brahman is alone True, and this world of plurality is an error; the individual self is not different from Brahman).