har-ghar-jal

  • It was launched in 2019.
  • Objective: It aims to ensure HarGharJal हर घर जल– (piped water supply) to all rural households by 2024 under the Jal Jeevan Mission.

The Jal Shakti Ministry formed by integrating other existing Ministries – Water Resources and Ministry of Drinking water and sanitation would work with state governments to ensure Har Ghar Jal’ to all rural households by 2024.

About the Jal Jeevan Mission

  • This Mission, under the Department of Drinking Water and Sanitation, will focus on integrated demand and supply side management of water at the local level, including creation of local infrastructure for source sustainability like rainwater harvesting, groundwater recharge and management of household wastewater for reuse in agriculture. 
  • The Jal Jeevan Mission will converge with other Central and State Government Schemes to achieve its objectives of sustainable water supply management across the country.

Significance: 

  • A Niti Aayog report states that more than 21 cities could have zero groundwater by 2020. Reports suggest that more than 100 million do not have access to clean drinking water. The government has identified 1592 Blocks which are critical and over exploited, spread across 256 Districts for the Jal Shakti Abhiyan. 
  • Under the scheme the government will focus on rainwater harvesting and water conservation in 256 districts in the first phase and carry out other initiatives including renovation of traditional water bodies and tanks, reuse of water and recharge structures, watershed development and intensive afforestation.
  • Besides using funds available under various Schemes, the Government will also explore possibility of using additional funds available under the Compensatory Afforestation Fund Management and Planning Authority (CAMPA) for this purpose.

Conclusion: To implement water-related schemes, smooth Centre-state ties are required, because water is a state subject. 

  • The government, since 2014, cut the allocation for clean drinking water to augment the demand for sanitation. It cannot continue on that path anymore.