hakki-pikki-tribal-community

Hakki Pikki Tribal Community

 

Context: In August 2023, 114 tribal people from the Hakki Pikki tribal community in Karnataka got title deeds to the land they had been cultivating for about a century

  • The colony for the nomadic tribe is located on the edge of Bannerghatta National Park (BNP), about 36 km from Bengaluru.
  • The settlement on the edge of the Bannerghatta National Park has both Hakki Pikki and Irula tribals staying here.
  • In 1962, the Government of Karnataka allotted 350 acres of land for them to sustain themselves through agriculture. 
  • But for the longest time, the Forest Department claimed that the tribes were encroachers.
  • In 1974, the Bannerghatta wooded area was declared as a National Park which led to the criminalisation of these communities living on the edges of the forest.

 

About the Hakki Pikkis tribes

 

  • Residential Location
    • The Hakki Pikkis are traditionally a semi-nomadic tribe of bird catchers and hunters, who settled down in several parts of Karnataka.
    • They also reside in the Western and Southern states of India, mostly near forest areas
    • The community migrated from Northern India, mainly Gujarat and Rajasthan, and is now mainly concentrated in Shivamogga, Davanagere, and Mysuru district of Karnataka.
  • They are recognized as a Scheduled Tribe in India.

 

  • Occupation
    • In the last 20 years the community left bird catching and hunting, and have started to prepare traditional medicines, especially hair oils
    • They now travel globally to sell these products, especially in the African continent, where there is a demand for cheaper alternatives to Western medicine.

​​​​​​​

  • Language
    • Though they are surrounded by Dravidian languages speaking people of southern India, the community speaks an Indo-Aryan language.
    • Their mother tongue was designated as 'Vaagri' by scholars.
    • UNESCO has listed 'Vaagri' as one of the endangered languages.

​​​​​​​

  • Social Rituals
    • Their society is matriarchal, where the groom gives dowry to the bride’s family.
    • The tribe prefers cross-cousin marriages
    • The eldest son in a family is not supposed to cut his hair so that he can be identified easily.
    • The tribe follows Hindu traditions and festivals.
    • They are non-vegetarians.
       

​​​​​​​

Imp for: UPSC Prelims, UPSC GS Mains Paper I

Topic: Indian Society, Diversity of India, Scheduled Tribes

 

 

#SCs #STs #scheduledcaste #scheduledtribe #scheduledtribes #society #indiansociety #gs1 #diversity #diversityofindia #indiansociety2023  #gsmainspaper1 #ias #iasmotivation #dailycurrentaffairs #UPSC2023 #upscprelims #ips #upscprelims2023 #dailymcqs #upscexam #upscaspirants #upsc2023 #upscpreparation #upscprelims #upscguide #jatinverma #Jatinverma #jatinvermaiasacademy #jatinvermaias #jvsias #UPSC2024 #currentaffairs #dailypractice #upscmcqs #upscprelims #practicedaily #dailyimportantarticles #currentaffairs2023 #currentaffairs2024