Recently the nation's latest communication satellite, GSAT-30, was sent to space from the Guiana Space Centre in Kourou.

About GSAT-30:

  • The 3,357-kg satellite will replace INSAT-4A which was launched in 2005 and marks the first mission of the year for Indian Space Research Organization.
  • The high-power satellite is equipped with 12 normal C band and 12 Ku band transponders. The unique configuration of the satellite will provide flexible frequency segments and flexible coverage.
  • In a flight lasting over 38 minutes, European Ariane-5 space vehicle released GSAT-30 in an initial elliptical geosynchronous orbit. 

Arianespace, the European launch service operator, said it has now sent 24 Indian communication satellites to orbit over the last 30 years.

  • The APPLE experimental satellite of 1981 was its first Indian contract. 
  • It last launched another replacement satellite - GSAT-31, in February 2019.

Applications of GSAT-30

  • DTH (direct to home) television services
  • Connectivity to VSATs (that support working of banks) ATMs, stock exchange, television uplinking and teleport services, digital satellite news gathering and e-governance applications. 
  • The satellite will also be used for bulk data transfer for a host of emerging telecommunication applications.
  • The satellite will provide communication services to Indian mainland and islands through the Ku band and wide coverage over Gulf countries, a large number of Asian countries and Australia through the C band.