gs-mains-syllabus-upsc-cse

ANCIENT HISTORY

1. Prehistoric Cultures in India

  • Periodization of Indian pre history
  • Sources of prehistory
  • Stone age
    • Palaeolithic (2 million BC – 10,000 BC)
    • Mesolithic (10,000 BC – 8,000 BC)
    • Palaeolithic (8000 BC – 4000 BC)
  • Chalcolithic Age (4000 BC – 1500 BC)
  • Iron age (1500 BC-200 BC)
  • Impact of Iron

2.  Pastoral and Farming Communities

  • Neolithic Phase
  • Chalcolithic Phase
  • Early Iron Phase
  • Geographical Distribution and Characteristics

3. Indus Valley Civilization

  • Major cities
  • Town Planning
  • Harappan Trade
  • Agriculture
  • Domestication of animals
  • Crafts
  • Religion
  • Harappan Pottery
  • Weights and Measures
  • Script and Language
  • Images
  • Decline of Harappan Culture

4. Vedic Society

  • Original Home of Aryans
  • Features of Aryan Culture
  • Vedic Texts
  • Sources for Reconstructing 
  • Vedic Society and Culture
  • Geography of the Rig Vedic Period
  • Geography of the later Vedic Phases
  • Economic Conditions
  • Political Organization and Evolution of Monarchy
  • Social Organisation and Varna System
  • Religion and Thought

5. Pre Mauryan-Period

  • Formation of states
  • The Sixteen Mahajanapadas
  • Republics
  • Rise of urban centres
  • Haryanka dynasty
  • Shishunaga dynasty
  • Nanda dynasty

6. The Mauryan Empire

  • Chandragupta and Bindusara
  • Megasthenes
  • Asoka and His Successors
  • Asoka’s Inscriptions and Sites
  • Asoka’ a Dhamma
  • Mauryan. Administration, Economy, Society and Art
  • The Arthasastra

7. Post Mauryan India (BC-200-AD 300)

  • Society Evolution of Jatis
  • Sangam Texts-and Society
  • Satavahanas and Other Indigenous Dynasties
  • Foreign Dynasties
  • Commercial Contacts with the Outside World
  • Schools of Art

8. Growth of Jainism and Buddhism

  • Jainism
  • Buddhism

9. Imperial Guptas

  • Sources of Gupta Rule
  • Political history of Guptas
  • Fahien
  • Gupta Administration
  • Gupta Culture
  • Urban centres in Gupta period
  • Economic Conditions

10. Harshavardhana

  • Sources for Harsha’s Period
  • Early life of Harsha
  • Harsha’s Administration
  • Important Officials of the empire
  • Economy under Harsha
  • Society
  • Religion

11. The Southern Dynasties

  • The Satavahanas (230 BC TO AD 225)
  • The Pallavas (AD 330–796)
  • The Chalukyas (AD 535–1190)
  • The Pandyas of Madurai (AD 590–1323)

 

MEDIEVAL INDIA

  1. Central Asian Politics and the Advance of Babur towards India
  • The Timurids
  • The Timurid-Uzbek and Uzbek-Iran Conflict and Babur
  • Babur’s Advance towards India
  1. Struggle for Empire in North- India (Afghans, Rajputs and Mughals)
  • Struggle between Ibrahim Lodi and Babur
  • The Battle of Panipat
  • Babur’s problems after the Battle of Panipat
  • Struggle with Rana Sanga
  • Problems of the Eastern Areas and the Afghans
  • Babur’s Contribution and Significance of his Advent into India

3. Struggle for Empire in North India

  • Humayun and the Afghans
  • Early Activities of Humayun, and the Tussle with Bahadur Shah
  • The Gujarat Campaign
  • The Bengal Campaign, and Struggle with Sher Khan

4. The Establishment of the North Indian Empire

  • The Surs
  • Sher Shah’s Early Life
  • Social and Political Background of Bihar and the Rise of Sher Shah to Power.
  • The Sur Empire (1540-56)
  • Contributions of Sher Shah

5. Consolidation and Expansion of the Empire - Akbar

  • Conflict with the Afghans - Hemu
  • Struggle with the Nobility: Bairam Khan’s
  • Regency; Revolt of Uzbek Nobles
  • Early Expansion of the Empire (1560-76) - Malwa, Garh-Katanga, Rajasthan, Gujarat, Eastern India
  • Relations with the Rajputs - Growth of a Composite Ruling Class
  • Rebellions, and Further Expansion of the Empire in the North West

6. State and Government under Akbar

  • Akbar’s Concept of Suzerainty
  • Structure of Government, Central and Provincial - the Vikalat, Central Ministries, Provincial Government,
  • District and Local Government
  • The Working of Government - the Ruler, Land-Revenue System, the Dahsala System.
    • The Mansabdari System and the Army

7. Akbar’s Religious Views

  • Relations with the Ulama and Social Reforms
  • The Early Phase (1556-73)
  • The Second Phase (1573-80) - the Ibadat Khana
  • Debates - the Mahzar – Breach with Orthodox
  • Ulama - Re-organisation of Madad-i-Maash Grants
  • Third or Final Phase - Din-i-Ilahi 
  • State Policies and religious toleration

8. The Deccan and the Mughals (upto 1657)

  • The Deccani States upto 1595
  • Mughal Advance towards the Deccan
  • Mughal Conquest of Berar, Khandesh and parts of Ahmadnagar
  • Rise of Malik Ambar, and Frustration of Mughal Attempt at Consolidation (1601-27)
  • Extinction of Ahmadnagar, Acceptance of Mughal
  • Suzerainty by Bijapur and Golconda
  • Shah Jahan and the Deccan (1636-57)
  • Cultural Contribution of the Deccani States

9. Foreign Policy of the Mughals

  • Akbar and the Uzbeks
  • The Question of Qandahar and Relations with Iran
  • Shah Jahan’s Balkh Campaign
  • Mughal - Persian Relations - the Last Phase

10. India in the First Half of the Seventeenth Century

  • Jahangir’s Accession - his Early Difficulties
  • Territorial Consolidation and Expansion of the Empire - Mewar, East India and Kangra
  • Nur Jahan, and the Nur Jahan ‘Junta’
  • The Rebellions of Shah Jahan, and the coup de main of Mahabat Khan
  • Jahangir as a Ruler
  • State and Religion in the First Half of the Seventeenth Century
  • Shah Jahan - Consolidation and Expansion of the Empire
  • Evolution of the Mughal Ruling Class and the Mansabdari System

11. Aurangzeb - Religious Policies, North India and the Rajputs

  • War of Succession
  • Religious Policy: First Phase (1658-79)
  • Reforms and Puritanical Measures, Hindu
  • Temples, Jizyah; Second Phase (1679-1707)
  • Territorial Consolidation and
  • Expansion of Empire - North India
  • Popular Revolts - Jats, Satnamis, Afghans and Sikhs
  • Breach with Marwar and Mewar

12. Climax and Crisis of the Mughal Empire the Marathas and the Deccan

  • Rise of the Marathas - Early Career of Shivaji 
  • Treaty of Purandar - the Agra Visit
  • Shivaji’s Swaraj – Administration and Achievements
  • Aurangzeb and the Deccani States (1658-87)
  • Marathas and the Deccan (1687-1707)
  • Assessment of Aurangzeb and the Jagirdari Crisis

13. Society-Structure and Growth

  • Rural Society
  • Towns and Town Life
  • Artisans and Master-Craftsmen
  • Women
  • Servants and Slaves
  • Standard of Living
  • The Ruling Classes - Nobility, Rural Gentry
  • The Middle Strata
  • The Commercial Classes

14. Economic Life-Patterns and Prospects

  • Inland Trade
  • Overseas Trade - Role of Foreign Trading companies - Position of Indian merchant’s over-land Trade
  • The Mughal State and Commerce
  • Trend of India’s Economy and Prospects during the First Half of the Eighteenth Century

15. Religion, Fine Arts, Science and Technology

  • Religion- Hindu Religion, Sikh Religion, Islam
  • Fine Arts - Architecture, Painting, Language and Literature, Music
  • Science and Technology

16. Northern India in the First Half of the Eighteenth Century

  • Bahadur Shah I, and the Beginning of the Struggle
  • For Wizarat - Rajput Affairs - Marathas
  • Deccan - Accentuation of the Party Struggle
  • Struggle for ‘New’ Wizarat: Zulfiqar Khan and Jahandar Shah (1712-13)
  • The Sayyid Brothers’ Struggle for ‘New’ Wizarat
  • The Saiyid ‘New’ Wizarat
  • The Wizarat of M. Amin Khan and Nizam-ul-Mulk
  • Rise of Regional States, Beginning of Foreign Invasions of India (1725-48)

17. The Maratha Bid for Supremacy

  • The Marathas and their Policy of Expansion
  • The Marathas and Nizam-ul-Mulk
  • The Maratha Advance into Gujarat and Malwa
  • The Maratha Advance into Doab and Punjab
  • First Phase (1741-52); Second Phase (1752-61);
  • Third Battle of Panipat

 

MODERN HISTORY

1. Scenario before 1857

  • Later Mughals
  • Regional powers in 18th Century
  • The British conquest of India
  • The wars during British conquest of India
  • British Administration before 1857

2. Revolt of 1857

  • Indian National Movement (1858-1905)
  • Early Nationalists and Swadeshi Movement
  • Government of India Act 1909
  • Home rule league movement

3. The struggle for Swaraj

  • Montague’s statement – Aug 1917
  • Emergence of Gandhi – as a mass leader
  • Khilafat & non-Cooperation Movement (NCM)
  • Swaraj party
  • Revolutionary Terrorism phase II (1920’s)
  • Simon Commission and Nehru report

4. Intimation of freedom

  • Civil Disobedience Movement
  • Round table conference
  • Poona pact
  • Government of India Act 1935
  • Tripuri session – 1939
  • August offer
  • Individual Satyagraha 1940-41

5. Towards achievement of freedom

  • Popular struggles in the princely states
  • 2nd World War and Nationalist response

6. Partition of India

  • Rise of Communalism
  • Wavell plan
  • Cabinet Mission Plan
  • Mountbatten plan

7. During the freedom struggle

  • Indian renaissance/socio-religious movement
  • Civil Rebellions during British
  • Tribal movements during British period
  • Peasant’s movement during British period
  • Working class Movement (1850-1900)
  • Growth of communalism
  • Left and communist trends in National Movement
  • Press and education during British period
  • Role of women in Freedom Struggle
  • Governor generals of India
  • Viceroys of India
  • Important persons
  • Important newspaper/journals
  • Congress sessions

 

POST INDEPENDENCE INDIA

1. Reorganisation of states

  • Constitutional provisions related to State formation
  • Factors that led to merger
  • Accession of the princely states
  • Accession of States under France and Portuguese
  • Accession of Sikkim
  • Rehabilitation of the Refugees
  • Federal crisis
  • Regional aspirations, insurgencies and areas of tension
  • Accommodation and national integration

2. Linguistic Regionalism in India

  • Constitutional position and language policy
  • Language and regionalism
  • Recent controversy due to rise of Hindi

3. Tribal Issue and Policy Consolidation

  • Issues & Present Status
  • Policy consolidation

4. Issue of Women and Evolution of Women Movement

  • Issues & challenges
  • Women movements
  • Government policy response and legislation
  • Governmental schemes

5. Problem of Caste and Social consolidation

  • Caste practices in India
  • Ambedkar Movement
  • Constitutional provisions
  • Recent government initiatives for emancipation of Scheduled Castes
  • Issues of Manual Scavenging

6. Communalism & Social Consolidation

  • Secularism
  • Causes of Communalism in India
  • Consequences of the communalism and social consolidation

7. Issue of Linguistic Minorities

  • Operational Inefficiency
  • Government initiatives

8. Overview of Economic Development since Independence

  • Planning in India

9. Agriculture

  • Industry
  • Service sector
  • Current challenges facing the Indian economy
  • Agriculture
  • Journey through Five Year Plans
  • Land Reforms
  • Post Green Revolution Agricultural Issues
  • Agrarian Movements
  • Achievements in Agriculture Since Independence
  • Recent Challenges

10. Industry

  • Industrial development since independence
  • Public sector since independence
  • Sectoral Development
  • Private Sector since Independence
  • Industrial Policy since Independence
  • Make in India

11. New Economic Policy

  • Impact of New Economic Policy

12. Post-Independence Policy of Science and Technology

  • India’s Policy in the Field of the Science and Technology
  • Institutional Framework for Science and Technology Development
  • Science and Technology in Pre- Reform Period
  • Impact of Economic Reform on the
  • Science and Technology in India:
    • New Policy Initiatives in the S&T
    • Agenda of the Skill Training

 

WORLD HISTORY

1. Beginning of Modern Age

  • Disintegration of the Feudal System
  • Renaissance
  • Humanism
  • Art and Architecture
  • Literature
  • Science
  • Reformation etc.
  • Explorations, Discovery, Trade
  • Colonization – Rise of Nation State
  • The English Revolution

2. French Revolution

  • Causes
  • The revolution in France
  • France under Napoleon
  • Impact of revolution
  • Significance of revolution

3. Nationalism in Europe

  • Rise of the nation- state system
  • Unification of Italy
  • Unification of Germany

4. Colonialism and Imperialism

  • Colonialism
  • The age of Imperialism (1870-1914)
  • Imperialism in Asia
  • Analysis of Colonialism

5. Emergence of USA

  • Foundation of American Colonies
  • The Independence of United States of America
  • The American Revolutionary War
  • What was the impact of American Revolution?
  • Political Effects of the Revolution
  • How did the American Revolution influence the French Revolution?
  • US Civil War
  • Impact of Civil War on USA
  • Global Impact of US Civil War
  • Impact on India

6. World War-I

  • Major causes of the war
  • Course of the war
  • Analysis of major events of the war
  • Consequences of World War I
  • Aftermath of World War I
  • League of Nations

7. Russian Revolution

  • Major events in pre-revolution Russia
  • Causes
  • Course of revolution
  • Consequences
  • Aftermath of the war
  • Post-Lenin Russia

8. Inter-War Years (1919 To 1939)

  • The Great Depression
  • The Great Depression- an economic perspective
  • Rise of Fascism in Italy
  • Rise of Nazism in Germany
  • Soviet Union (USSR)

9. World War- II

  • Foundations of the war
  • Course of the war
  • Aftermath of war
  • Analysis of the war
  • Decolonization phase

10. Development in Middle East

  • Democratic reforms in Middle East
  • Arab nationalism
  • Israel

11. Cold War

  • Reasons
  • Development of Cold War (1945-1953)
  • To what extent was there a thaw after 1953?
  • Nuclear Arms Race and the Cuban Missile Crisis (1962)

12. Post-Cold-War World

  • Global issues since 1991
  • Integration of Europe
  • European integration- a timeline
  • Rise of global Islamic terrorism
  • Rise of China

13. Communism, Socialism and Capitalism

  • Capitalism (concept, types and example)
  • Communism (concept, types, example)
  • Relevance of capitalism in present era

 

INDIAN CULTURE

1. Visual Art

  • Sculptures of Harappan Civilization
  • Sculptures of Mauryan Age
  • Post-Mauryan Period
  • Jain Sculptures
  • Buddhist Sculpture
  • Gupta Sculpture
  • Medieval School of Sculpture
  • Modern Indian Sculpture

2. Architecture in Ancient India

  • Harappan Period
  • Mauryan Architecture
  • Post-Mauryan Period
  • Gupta Period
  • Temples of Khajuraho
  • Temples of Odisha
  • Temples of Gwalior
  • Temples of Gujarat
  • Temples of Rajasthan
  • Temples of Bengal
  • Temples of Assam
  • Temples of Himachal Pradesh
  • Temples of Jammu and Kashmir
  • Pallava Period
  • Chola Period
  • Pandya Temples
  • Vijayanagar Period
  • NayakaTemples
  • Temples of Kerala
  • Vesara Style
  • Hoysala Style
  • Rashtrakuta Period

3. Indo-Islamic Architecture

  • Imperial Style (Delhi Sultanate)
  • Provincial Style
  • Mughal Style
  • Sikh Style of Architecture
  • Rajput Architecture
  • Salient features

4. Modern Architecture

  • European Influence
  • Indo-Saracenic Architecture
  • Post-Independence Period

5. Indian Paintings

  • Tradition of Mural Paintings in India
  • Tradition of Miniature Paintings in India
  • Paintings in the Deccan
  • Rajput School of Painting
  • Pahari School of Painting
  • Miniature Painting in South India
  • Regional Paintings
  • Modern Paintings
  • Contemporary Paintings

6. Pottery Tradition in India

  • Ochre: Colored Pottery (OCP)
  • Black and Red Ware (BRW)
  • Painted Grey Ware (PGW)
  • Northern Black Polished Ware (NBPW)
  • Glazed and Unglazed Pottery

7. Music in India

  • Main Pillars of Indian Music
  • Forms of Indian Music
  • Musical Instruments
  • Institutions Related to Music

8. Dances in India

  • Concept of Dance in India
  • Concept of Ashta Nayika
  • Eight Classical Dance Forms in India
  • Folk Dances
  • Modern Dances

9. Martial Arts in India

  • Genesis of Martial Arts
  • Forms of Traditional Martial Arts

10. Indian Theatre

  • Classical Sanskrit Theatre
  • Regional Theatre
  • Modern Theatre
  • Renaissance of Indian Theatre

11. Indian Puppetry

  • String Puppets
  • Shadow Puppets
  • Rod Puppets
  • Glove puppets
  • Modern Puppetry
  • Tribal Puppetry

12. Indian Cinema

  • Cinema in India
  • History of Indian Cinema
  • Classification of Indian Cinema Film
  • Music of India

13. Religions in India

  • Pre-Vedic Religion
  • Hinduism
  • Buddhism
  • Jainism
  • Sikhism
  • Islam
  • Christianity
  • Zoroastrianism
  • Judaism
  • Philosophy in India

14. Bhakti & Sufi Movements

  • Bhakti Movement
  • Vaishnava Acharyas: Metaphysical Foundation
  • Other Saints of Bhakti Movement
  • Maharashtra Dharma
  • Sufism

15. Languages & Literature in India

  • Sanskrit Literature
  • Pali Literature
  • Prakrit Literature
  • Tamil Literature
  • Telugu Literature
  • Malayalam Literature
  • Kannada Literature
  • Odia Literature
  • Assamese Literature
  • Bengali Literature
  • Gujarati Literature
  • Rajasthani Literature
  • Punjabi Literature
  • Marathi Literature
  • Hindi Literature
  • Persian Literature
  • Urdu Literature

16. Miscellaneous Topics

  • Indian Handicrafts
  • Indian Universities
  • Personalities Related to Culture
  • Places of Cultural Interest
  • Fairs and Festivals in India
  • Cultural Institutions in India
  • Awards and Honors Associated with Culture
  • The Calendar
  • The Eras
  • Science and Technology in Ancient India
  • UNESCO’s List of Cultural Heritage in India
  • Legal Provisions Related to the Protection and Promotion of Indian Culture and Heritage

17. Recent developments

  • Schemes for Cleanliness of Tourist Places
    • Swachh Bharat - Swachh Smarak
    • Swachh Bharat - Swachh Pakwan (Hunar Zaika)
    • Swachh Bharat - Swachh Paryatan
    • Swachh Smarak Swatchh Bharat’ app
  • National Tourism Policy, 2015
  • Schemes for Development of Cultural Heritage
  • Sanskriti App
    • Cultural Mapping of India
    • Cultural Heritage Youth Leadership Programme
    • Preservation of Cultural Heritage of Himalayas
    • Nearly 100 Monuments Identified for Portal on “Must-See Monuments
  • Schemes for Monument Development
  • Hriday
  • Swadesh Darshan
  • Prasad Scheme
  • Adarsh Smarak Yojana
  • Monuments of National importance
  • Cultural Scheme Monitoring System
  • Schemes for promotion of Culture
  • Culture Ministry to Grade Artists, Writers for Selection Process
    • Schemes for Serious Literature and Litterateurs
    • National Mission on Monuments and Antiquities
    • National Mission on Manuscripts
    • National Mission on Libraries
    • Gandhi Heritage Sites Mission
  • International Initiatives for Cultural Development and Recognition
  • Project Mausam
  • International Buddhist Conclave
  • World’s Heritage
  • UNESCO inscribed Yoga in the Representative list of Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity
  • UNESCO Creative Cities Network
  • UNESCO Global Geopark
  • National Virtual Library of India
  • Animal Sports in India
  • Jallikattu
  • Kambala
  • Bulbul Fight
  • Bullock Cart Racing
  • GI Tag
    • Definition
    • GI vs. Trademark
    • Rights under GI
    • Famous Goods
    • Latest addition
  • Festivals in News
  • International Yoga Day
  • Rashtriya Ekta Diwas
  • Buddhist Circuit

 

GEOGRAPHY

PHYSICAL GEOGRAPHY

1. Geomorphology

  • The origin of the Earth
    • Early Theories
    • Modern Theories – BBT
    • Star Formation
    • Formation of Planets
    • Solar System
  • The Evolution of the Earth
    • Layered Structure (5 layers)
    • Evolution of Lithosphere
    • Evolution of Atmosphere
    • Evolution of Hydrosphere
  • Geological History of the Earth
  • Earth
    • Latitude and Longitude including important Parallels and Meridians
    • Motions of the Earth - Rotation, Revolution and their effects
    • Inclination of the Earth’s Axis and its effects
    • Local and Standard Time and the International Date Line, Calendar
    • Eclipses - Solar, Lunar
  • Origin of Life
  • Geological Time Scale
  • Interior of the Earth
    • Sources of Information
      • Direct
      • Indirect -EarthQuake Waves, Volcanoes
    • Crust
    • Mantle
    • Core
  • Geology
    • Minerals
  • Major Elements of the Earth’s Crust
  • Minerals – Feldspar, Quartz,
  • Pyroxene Amphibole, Mica, Olivine
  • Physical Characteristics–Crystal Form, Cleavage Fracture, Lusture, Color, Streak
  • Transparency, Structure, Hardness, Specific Gravity
  • Metallic minerals – precious Ferrous, Non-Ferrous
  • Non-metallic Minerals – Sulphur, Phosphates, Cement
  • Rocks (Aggregate of Minerals)
  • Petrology
  • Rocks & landforms
  • Rocks & Soils
  • 3 Family of Rocks
  • Igneous
  • Sedimentary
  • Metamorphic
  • Rock Cycle

 

  • Earthquakes
  • Waves: P, S, Body, Surface,
  • Shadow Zone
  • Types of Earthquakes
  • Effects
  • Frequency
  • Locating an Epicenter
  • Volcano
  • Types
    • Shield
    • Composite
    • Caldera
    • Flood Basalt
    • Mid Ocean Ridge
  • Landforms (intrusive)
  • Batholiths
  • Laccoliths
  • Lapoliths
  • Phacoliths
  • Sills
  • Dykes
  • Geomorphic Processes
  • Earth’s Surface
    • Exogenic Forces
    • Endogenic Forces
    • Gradation, Degradation & Aggradation
  • Geomorphic Process
  • Endogenic Process
    • Diastrophism
      • Orogenic
      • Epeirogenic
      • Earthquakes
      • Plate movements
    • Volcanism
    • Exogenic Forces
      • Denudation Processes
        • Weathering
        • Mass movements
        • Erosion Transportation & Deposition
  • Distribution of Continents & Oceans
  • Theories
    • Continental Drift Theory
      • Alfred Wegner 1912
      • Pangea, Panthalasa
      • Laurasia, Gondwanaland
  • Evidence in support of Continental Drift Theory
  • Jigsaw Fit
  • Rocks of Same age across oceans
  • Tillite
  • Placer Deposits
  • Distribution of Fossils
  • Forces of Drifting
  • Pole Fleeing Force
  • Tidal Force

 

  • Post Drift Studies
  • Convectional Current Theory
  • Mapping of the Ocean Floor

 

  • Continents – plate Tectonics
  • Lithospheric Plates
  • Major Plate
  • Minor Plates
  • Plate Boundaries
  • Divergent
  • Convergent
  • Transform
  • Rates of Plate Movements
  • Force of plate movements
  • Indian Plate
  • Movement from 71 million years ago till Today
  • Landforms and their Evolution
  • Causes
  • Geomorphic Processes
  • Agents
  • Geomorphic Agents
    • Erosional or Destructional
    • Depositional or Constructional
  • Agents and their Impacts
    • Wind, Running Water, Ground Water, Glaciers, Waves & Currents
  • Winds
    • One of the Two dominant agents in Hot deserts
    • Cause – Deflation Abrasion Impact
    • Erosional landforms
      • Pediments and Pedi plains
      • Playas
      • Deflation Hollows and Caves
      • Mushroom, Table & Pedestal Rocks
  • Depositional Landforms
    • Barchans
    • Seif
    • Parabolic
    • Transverse
    • Longitudinal
  • Running Water
    • Humid Regions
    • Two Components
      • Overland Flow – Sheet
      • Linear Flow – Streams
    • Stages
      • Youth Mature Old
    • Erosional Landforms
    • Valleys
      • Rills
      • Gullies
      • Valleys – V Shape, Gorge (Hard Rocks), Canyon (Sedimentary)
    • Potholes & Plunge pools
    • Incised or entrenched meanders
    • River Terraces – paired & unpaired
  • Depositional Landforms
    • Alluvial Fans
    • Delta
    • Flood Plains, Natural Levees, Point Bars
    • Meanders, Slip off bank,
    • Undercut bank
    • Oxbow lake
    • Braided Channels
  • Ground Water (Karst Topography)
    • Permeable Rocks
      • Percolation
      • Bedding Plains
    • Limestone and Dolomite Regions
      • Balkans, Adjacent to Adriatic regions
      • Erosional Landforms
        • Pools-Swallow Hole, Valley Sinks (Uvalas), Sinkholes, Collapse sinks (Dolines), Lapies, Ridges, Limestone Pavements
        • Caves – Altering bed of Rocks (Shale sandstone quartzite), Caves and Tunnels
  • Depositional landforms
    • Stalactites 
    • Stalagmites
    • Pillar Columns
  • Glaciers
    • Erosional Landforms
      • Cirque of Tarn Lakes
      • Hors and Serrated Regions – Arete
      • Glacial Valleys / Troughs – Fiords
    • Depositional Landforms
      • Glacial Tills
      • Moraines
      • Eskers
      • Outwash Plains
      • Drumlins
    • Waves and Currents
      • High Rocky Coasts & Low Sedimentary Coasts
      • Erosional Landforms
        • Cliffs
        • Terraces
        • Caves
        • Stacks
      • Depositional Landforms
        • Beaches and Dunes
        • Bars Barriers Spits
      • Weathering
        • Weather over Earth Materials
        • Factors
          • Geological
          • Climatic
          • Topographic
          • Vegetative
    • Major Processes
      • Chemical
      • Physical or Mechanical
      • Biological
    • Chemical – Forces Chemical Action
      • Solution
      • Carbonation
      • Hydration
      • Oxidation & Reduction
    • Physical Forces Gravitational, Expansion, Water Pressure
      • Unloading & Expansion
      • Temperature changes and Expansion
      • Freezing, Thawing, & Frost Wedging
      • Salt Weathering
    • Biological Weathering
      • Burrowing
      • Wedging
      • Plant Roots
      • Effects of Weathering
      • Exfoliation (Flaking)– Exfoliation
      • Domes, Tors
    • Significance of Weathering
      • Soil Formation
      • Biomes and Biodiversity
      • Leaching / Enrichment
  • Mass Movements
    • Activating causes
    • Forms of movement – Heave
    • Flow Slide
    • 3 major Groups – Slow Movement, Rapid Movements, landSlides
  • Landforms across the world:
    • Rivers and lakes
    • Mountain and Peaks
    • Plateaus

 

2. Climatology

Composition

  • Gases
  • Water Vapour
  • Dust Particles
  • Structure

Exosphere

  • Thermosphere
  • Mesosphere
  • Stratosphere
  • Troposphere
  • Altitude vs Temperature

Solar Radiation Heat Balance Temperature

  • Insolation
  • Aphelion and Perihelion
  • Variability of Insolation at the surface of the Earth
  • Day Season Year
  • Rotation on Axis, Angle of
  • Inclination of sun rays, Length of the day
  • Transparency of Atmosphere, configuration of land in terms of its aspect.

Heat Balance

  • Heating and cooling of atmosphere
  • Conduction
  • Convection
  • Advection
  • Terrestrial Radiation
  • Heat Budget of the Planet Earth
  • Macro Budget
  • Albedo
  • Shortwave Radiation
  • Long wave Earth Radiation
  • Variation in the net Heat Budget at the Earth’s Surface

Temperature

  • Factors controlling T distribution
  • Distribution of T Month of January-July
  • Range of T Month of January-July
  • Inversion of Temperature

Atmospheric Circulation and Weather Systems

  • Atmospheric Pressure
  • Vertical variation of pressure
  • Horizontal distribution of pressure
  • World Distribution of Sea Level Pressure
  • Factors affecting the velocity and direction of the WIND
    • Pressure Gradient Force
    • Frictional Force
    • Coriolis Force
    • Pressure and Wind (Cyclonic & Anticyclone Circulation)

General Circulation of the Atmosphere Pattern of Planetary Winds

  • Latitudinal Variation of Atmospheric Heating
  • Emergence of Pressure Belts
  • Migration of Belts Following apparent Path of Sun
  • Distribution of continents & Oceans
  • Rotation of the Earth

Circulation

  • Simplified Global Circulation – Hadley Cell, Ferrel Cell
  • Seasonal Wind
  • Local Wind
  • Land and Sea Breezes
  • Mountain and Valley winds
  • AIR MASS – fronts
  • ExtraTropical Cyclone
  • Thunderstorms
  • Tornadoes

Water in the Atmosphere

  • Water Vapour
  • Precipitation
  • Humidity – Absolute and Relative
  • Saturation – Dew Point
  • Evaporation and Condensation
  • Dew
  • Frost
  • Fog & Mist
  • Clouds
  • Types – Cirrus Cumulus Stratus Nimbus
  • High – Cirrus Cirrostratus Cirrocumulus
  • Middle – Altostratus Altocumulus
  • Low – Stratocumulus Nimbostratus
  • Vertical Development – Cumulus and Cumulonimbus
  • Precipitation
  • Rainfall Snowfall Sleet Hail Hailstones
  • Types of Rainfall
  • Conventional
  • Orographic
  • Cyclonic
  • World Distribution of Rainfall
  • World Climate
  • The Hot, Wet Equatorial Climate
  • The Tropical Monsoon and Tropical
  • Marine Climates
  • The Savanna or Sudan Climate
  • The Hot Desert and Mid-Latitude Desert Climates
  • The Warm Temperate Western  Margin (Mediterranean) Climate
  • The Temperate Continental (Steppe) Climate
  • The Warm Temperate Eastern Margin (China Type) Climate
  • The Cool Temperate Western Margin (British Type) Climate
  • The Cool Temperate Continental (Siberian) Climate
  • The Cool Temperate Eastern Margin (Lauren-tian) Climate
  • The Arctic or Polar Climate

 

  1. Oceanography
  • Water on the Surface of the Earth
    • Hydrological Cycle
      • Component
      • Processes
  • Oceans
    • Relief of the Ocean floor
    • 4 divisions of the ocean floor
      • Continental Shelf
      • Continental Slope
      • Deep sea plain
      • Oceanic deep and Trenches
    • Minor relief features
      • Mid oceanic ridges
      • Seamount
      • Submarine canyons
      • Guy outs
      • Atoll
    • Temperature of the Ocean Water
      • Vertical
      • Spatial
      • Factors affecting Temperature Distribution
        • Latitude
        • Unequal distribution of land & Water 
        • Prevailing wind
  • Ocean Currents
  • Horizontal & Vertical Distribution
    • Thermocline
    • 3 layers
  • Salinity of the Ocean Water
  • Factors affecting salinity
  • Evaporation and precipitation
  • Fresh water flow from rivers
  • Wing
  • Ocean currents
    • Horizontals distribution of salinity
    • Vertical Distribution of salinity
  • Density of Ocean Waters

Movements of ocean Water

  • Factors influencing Movement
  • Temperature
  • Salinity
  • Density
  • Sun Moon winds

Motion – Horizontal & Vertical Currents

Waves

  • Motion of waves and water molecules
  • Characteristics Of WAVE
    • Crest and Trough
    • Height
    • Amplitude
    • Period
    • Length
    • Speed
    • Frequency
    • Tides

Relation between Gravitational Forces and Tides

  • Tidal currents
  • Types of Tides
  • Based on Frequency – Semi Diurnal, Diurnal, mixed
  • Based on SME position – spring and Neap Tides
  • Importance of Tides
  • Ocean Currents
  • Influenced by 2 forces
  • Primary Force that initiates the movement
  • Heating of solar energy
  • Wind
  • Gravity
  • Coriolis force
  • Secondary force that influence the currents to flow
  • Characteristic – Drift – 5 knots
  • Types of ocean currents
    • Surface currents & Deep-water currents based on Depth
    • Cold and Warm Currents based on Temperature
  • Major Ocean currents of the World
  • Effects of Ocean Currents

 

  1. Water Resource
  • Underground water resource
  • Surface water resources
  • Inland water resources: Utilization of inland water resources by ma
  • Oceanic water resources: Main features of ocean
  • Utilization of oceans by man
  • Water consumption patterns
  • Water pollution
  • Conservation of water resources
  • Techniques of water conservation

 

  1.  Biogeography
  • Soil
    • Soil Characteristics
    • Factors Responsible for Soil Formation
    • Stages of Soil Formation
    • Soil Forming Processes
    • Soil Profiles and Horizons
    • Soil Classification
    • Soil Erosion and Conservation
  • Vegetation resources
    • Types of natural vegetation
    • Forests
    • Significance of forests
      • Economic significance, Ecological significance
      • Cultural significance
  • Factors of forest development
  • Extent of forest cover
  • Classification of forests
    • Grasslands
    • Desert vegetation
    • Tundra Vegetation
  • Economic utilization of forests
  • Deforestation
    • Deforestation in tropical forests
    • Deforestation in temperate forests
    • Rate and extent of deforestation
    • Causes and factors of deforestation: Immediate causes of deforestation
    • Indirect deforestation
    • Underlying causes of deforestation
  • Conservation of forests
    • Forest conservation strategies
    • Reforestation
    • Monoculture plantation
    • Afforestation
  • Types of forestry
    • Social forestry
    • Agroforestry

 

HUMAN GEOGRAPHY

  1. Demography
  • Concept of Human Resources
  • Population Distribution
  • Factors of population distribution
    • Physical Factors
    • Socio Cultural Factors
    • Demographic Factors
  • World Population Distribution
    • Ecumene
    • Non-ecumene
  • Continent wise distribution of Population
  • Density of population
  • Pattern of Population density
  • Population Increase (Growth) in the World
  • Causes of Rapid Increase in Population
  • Present Trend
  • Future Projection
  • Determinants of Population Growth
  • Natural Increase
  • Characteristic of Population
    • Age Composition
    • Population Pyramids
    • Sex Composition
    • Literacy
  • Theories of population growth
    • Malthusian theory
    • Marxian theory
    • Demographic transition theory
  • Optimum population
    • Over-population
    • Under-population
  • Population problems
    • Population problems of developing countries
    • Population problems of developed countries
    • Population dilemma of Europe
  • Population Policies: of China, of India
  • Various types of rural settlements
  • Relationship between house types with relief, climate and building materials

 

2. Urbanization

  • Basic Feature and Pattern of India’s Urbanization
  • Issues of Urbanization in India
    • Rural Urban Migration
    • Emergence of Slums
    • Urban Transport
    • Waste Disposal
    • Water Supply, Drainage and Sanitation
    • Electronic Waste
    • Urban Poverty
    • Real Estate (Regulation & Development) Bill, 2013
  • Way Forward to Tackle Issues Related to Urbanization
    • Inclusive Cities/Smart cities
    • Recent government programmes:
      • Migration
      • Displacement
      • Importance of the Rehabilitation Policy
      • Urban settlements: types
      • Urbanization process in India.
      • Morphology of urban settlements
      • Town planning and patterns of rural settlement
      • Settlement types of the world
      • Migration: Push factors and pull factors
      • Emigration during colonial, post-independent and post-liberalisation period
      • Internal versus world migration
      • Functional classification of cities
      • Difference between boundaries and frontiers, their classification
      • Rural urban fringe characteristics, advantages, problems
      • National urbanization policy
      • Principles of urban planning
      • Land cover transformation
      • Factors affecting rural settlements, their types and patterns
      • Cities – hierarchical classification, morphological classification

3. Census

  • Literacy
  • Sex ratio
  • Family Planning
  • Old Age
  • Age Structure
  • Density
  • Population growth
  • Census terminology

 

ECONOMIC GEOGRAPHY

1. Agriculture

Land resource

  • Land-use
  • Land capability classification
  • Causes of Land Degradation
  • Impact of Land Degradation
  • Steps taken by GOI
  • Sustainable Land Management

Basic terms related to Agriculture

  • Performance of the agriculture sector
  • Types of farming in India
  • Dry zone farming
  • Organic farming
  • Cropping seasons in India
  • Cropping Pattern in India
  • Agriculture regionalization
  • Infrastructure factors: Seeds;
  • Fertilizers; Irrigation
  • Land use pattern in India
  • Institutional Factors as land reform
  • Horticulture sector in India
  • Agricultural revolutions
  • Agricultural labourers
  • Price Policy for Agriculture
  • Agricultural marketing
  • Agricultural Insurance
  • Agricultural Census
  • Major schemes in agricultural sector
  • National Policy for farmers
  • Impact of climate change on agriculture
  • What is sustainable agriculture?
  • Use of IT in agriculture
  • Agriculture Issues and Challenges

Productivity of Crops and conditions for growth

Wheat

  • Conditions of growth
  • Varieties
  • Types of cultivation
  • Production patternInternational trade
  • Rice
  • Conditions of growth
  • Varieties
  • Methods of cultivation
  • Production pattern
  • International trade

Maize (Corn)

  • Conditions of growth
  • Production pattern
  • International trade

Barley

  • Conditions of growth
  • Production pattern
  • International trade

Oats

  • Rye
  • Beverages

Tea

  • Condition of growth
  • Production pattern
  • International trade

Coffee

  • Types of coffee
  • Conditions of growth
  • Production pattern
  • International trade

Cocoa

  • Conditions of growth
  • Production pattern
  • International trade

Tobacco

  • Conditions of growth
  • Production pattern
  • International trade

Fibre Crops

  • Cotton
    • Varieties of cotton
    • Conditions of growth
    • Production pattern
    • International trade
  • Jute
    • Conditions of growth
    • Production pattern
    • International trade
    • Substitutes of Jute: Flax, Hemp
    • Abaca, Henequen
    • Sisal
  • Raw Silk
    • Production pattern
    • International trade
  • Natural Rubber
    • Other sources of rubber
    • Plantations in South-east Asia
    • Production pattern
    • International trade
  • Sugarcane
    • Conditions of growth
    • Production pattern
    • International trade
    • Sugar Beet - Conditions of growth
  • Production pattern
  • Sugar industry
  • Sugar consumption
  • International trade

 

2. Mineral resource

  • Types of minerals: Metallic minerals
  • Non-metallic mineral
  • Distribution of minerals and mining regions
  • Distribution, production and international trade of Metallic minerals: Ferrous metals: Iron ore
  • Ferro-alloys and non-ferrous
  • Manganese
  • Chromium
  • Nickel
  • Tungsten
  • Antimony
  • Copper
  • Bauxite and Aluminium
  • Zinc; Lead
  • Tin
  • Precious metals: Gold
  • Silver
  • Platinum
  • Mineral chemicals
    • Mica
    • Potash
    • Phosphate
    • Nitrates
    • Sulphur
  • Conservation of mineral resources

 

  1. Energy resources
  • Classification of energy
  • Production of conventional energy
  • General trends of energy production and consumption
  • Reserves and sources of energy
  • Coal
    • Nature and origin of coal
    • Constituents and kinds of coal
    • Coal fields and coal production
    • By products of coal
    • Conservation of Coal Petroleum
  • Petroleum
    • Nature and properties of petroleum
    • Origin and recovery
    • Exploration
    • Petroleum refining
    • Petroleum reserves
    • Producing areas
    • Consumption of petroleum
    • International trade
    • OPEC and its role in oil trade
  • Natural gas: Reserves and Production
  • Hydro-electricity
    • Advantages of hydro-electricity
    • Ideal conditions for generation of hydro-electricity
    • Distribution of potential hydro-power
    • Hydro-electric power generation
  • Atomic (nuclear) energy
    • Atomic: source minerals: Uranium
    • World distribution of uranium
    • Production of uranium
    • Thorium
    • Production of atomic (nuclear) energy
    • Nuclear energy: the energy of future
  • Alternative (non-conventional) sources of energy
    • Solar energy
    • Wind energy
    • Geothermal power
    • Tidal energy
    • Wave energy
    • Biomass energy
  • Alternate Energy Sources
    • Hydrogen as a Fuel for Future or Hydrogen as an Alternative Energy Source
    • Microbial Fuel Cell
    • Energy Context with Respect to Indian Scenario
    • Energy Plantation
  • Energy crisis

 

4. Industry

  • Industrial development
  • Iron and Steel Industry
    • Process of iron and steel production
    • Location of iron and steel industry
    • Early localization
    • Development of iron manufacture
    • Distribution of iron and steel industry
    • Global steel production
    • International trade
    • Growth potential of the steel industry
  • Textile Industry
    • Cotton textile industry: Location of the industry
    • Recent trends in localization
    • Distribution and production of cotton textiles
    • Woolen textile industry: Location of the industry
    • Silk textile industry: Raw silk manufacture
    • Silk textile manufacturing
    • Synthetic (artificial) silk industry:
    • Distribution of man-made fibre and fabrics.
  • Engineering Industries
    • Machine tools and machines: Areas of production
    • Industrial machinery: Textile machinery
    • Other industrial machinery
    • Agricultural machinery
  • Manufacturing of transport equipment
    • Automobile industry
    • Railway car and locomotive industry
    • Shipbuilding
    • Recent trends
    • Aircrafts industry
  • Chemical Industry
    • Classes of chemicals: Branches of chemical industry
    • Heavy chemical industry
    • Production of acids and alkalis
    • Rise of chemical industry
    • Fertilizer industry: Nitrogen fertilizers
    • Phosphate fertilizers
    • Potash fertilizers
    • Explosives
    • Glass industry: Production of glass
  • Agro-industries
    • Synthetic rubber industry
    • Pulp and paper industry: Essential
    • conditions for pulp production
    • Production of paper and paper board
    • Newsprint
    • International trade
    • Salient features of pulp and paper industry
  • Cement industry
    • Distribution of cement industry
    • Recent trends: Main global competitors
  • Petroleum refining industry: Localization
    • Site selection of petroleum refineries
    • History of oil refineries
    • World pattern of oil refining
    • Petroleum products
  • Industrial Regions
    • Characteristics of industrial regions
    • Delimitation of an industrial region
    • Principal industrial regions of the world
    • Industrial regions of Anglo America-USA, Canada, Western Europe and Central Britain, Germany, Belgium, Netherlands, France, Italy, Eastern Europe, Poland, Former USSR
    • Eastern Asia—Japan, China, the ‘Dragons’, India, High tech patterns

 

RECENT DEVELOPMENTS 

  1. Recent developments in transport sector
  • Long term irrigation fund
  • Sports Sector Gets the Infrastructure Status
  • Railways India Development Fund
  • National Infrastructure Investment Fund
  • Defence Innovation Fund
  • Merger of Railway Budget with General Budget
  • Non-Fare Revenue Policies in
  • Indian Railways
  • Rail Safety Fund
  • Flexi Fare Method in Railway
  • Rail Cadre Management
  • Tri-Netra in railways
  • National Rail Plan 2030
  • Draft Policy on Suburban Tracks
  • India’s First Caterpillar Train
  • Mission 41k
  • Green corridor concept
  • Made in India ‘Medha’ train
  • Antyodaya Express
  • Station Redevelopment Project
  • Smart Railway Station
  • Yatri Mitra Seva
  • National Highways Interconnectivity
  • Vehicle Fleet Modernization Programme
  • Transit Oriented Development Policy
  • Logistic Efficiency Enhancement Programme
  • Indian Bridge Management System
  • Road Connectivity Project for Left Wing Extremism (LWE) Affected Areas
  • North East Road Network Connectivity Project
  • TIR Convention
  • National Road Safety Policy
  • Sagarmala
  • Urja Ganga Gas Line Project
  • TARANG
  • E-trans
  • DEEP (Discovery of Efficient Electricity Price)
  • GARV II APP
  • Trading of Energy Saving Certificates
  • 24X7 Powers for All
  • Draft National Electricity Plan
  • Habitat Commitment Index
  • AirSewa Portal
  1. Recent developments in Industrial Sector
  • Delhi-Mumbai Industrial Corridor
  • Amritsar-Kolkata corridor
  • Chennai-Bangalore Industrial Corridor
  • Bengaluru-Mumbai Economic Corridor
  • Visakhapatnam-Chennai Industrial Corridor
  • East Coast Economic Corridor
  • Apex Corridor Development Authority
  • Star Rating of Mines
  • Tamra Portal
  • Mining Surveillance System
  • Coal Mitra
  • M-SIPS for Electronic Sector
  • Real Estate (Regulation and Development) Act or RERA
  • Indian Enterprise Development Service
  • Trade Receivables Discounting System
  • SME Business Environment Index
  • Medipark
  • ZED Scheme
  • Startup Mentorship Circle
  • FAME

 

3. Recent developments in agriculture field

  • AADHAR Based Biometric Authentication in PDS: Pros and Cons
  • Volatility in Pulse Prices
    • Arvind Subramanian Committee on Pulse Crises
    • Government Raises Buffer Stock of Pulses
    • PUSA Arhar 16 to Bridge Demand-Supply Gap
  • Agro Irradiation Centers
  • Options Trading in Agricultural Produce
  • Agricultural Marketing and Farm Friendly Reforms Index
  • National Food Security Act
  • Digitization and Agriculture
  • Direct Benefit Transfer in Fertilized Sector
  • Aquaponic Farm
  • Gift Milk Scheme
  • Draft Regulation on Fortification of Foods
  • Law Commission Recommendation on Food Laws
  • Concept of Modern Terminal Markets
  • Animal Husbandry, Dairying and Fisheries
    • e-Pashuhaat Portal
    • Schemes of Biotech Kisan and Cattle Genomics
    • Rashtriya Gokul Mission
    • Mission Fingerling
  • Terms in Brief
    • Krishi Puruskar for Small Farmers
    • Ornamental Fishing
    • Agricultural Science Congress
    • RubSiS
    • Ethanol Blending
    • National Bureau of Plant Genetic Resources
    • Amendments to the NABARD Act, 1981
    • Revenue Insurance Scheme for Plantation Crops
    • Best Horticulture Award
    • Neem Coating of Urea
  • Soil Health Card Scheme
  • Paramparagat Krishi Vikas Yojana
  • ‘Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana
  • PM Krishi Sinchai Yojana
  • National Agriculture Market

 

  1. Places in news
  • Majuli Island
  • Ashalim Project
  • Loktak Lake
  • Barren Island
  • Rio de Janeiro
  • Gotthard Base Tunnel
  • Panama Canal
  • Akodara
  • Genetic Garden of Halophytes
  • Maharashtra
  • Morocco
  • Sankhuwasabha
  • Andhra Pradesh
  • Hambantota Port
  • Tirunelveli
  • Palmyra
  • Sabarimala Circuit
  • Libya, Sudan, Somalia, Syria, Iraq,
  • Yemen and Iran
  • Tembhli
  • Mahanadi and Tributaries
  • Agartala Rail Link
  • Mekadatu Project on Kaveri
  • Yettinahole Project
  • Country’s first Water Metro Project
  • Indus basin: Shahpur Kandi Dam Project
  • Ghatampur Thermal Power Project
  • Deepest Rail Project
  • Lost Continent
  • Zealandia
  • World’s First Polluted River discovered by Scientists
  • Pre-historic camping site found in Ladakh
  • Report on Palaeo Channel of North West India
  • Cyclones in News

 

INDIAN SOCIETY FEATURES AND SOCIAL JUSTICE

 

1. Salient features of Indian society.

  • Features of Indian society
  • Changes within Indian society and their repercussions
  • Causes of changes
  • Indian society today

 

2. Diversity of India.

  • What is diversity?
  • Types of diversities in India
  • Can diversity be equated with difference?
  • The unity in diversity- a reality or a chimera
  • Some examples
  • Manner of reconciliation

 

3. Role of women’s organizations.

  • Women’s organizations in Indian history
  • Types of women’s organizations
  • Level of penetration
  • Women’s organization – a ray of hope
  • Few case studies
  • Problems faced by women’s organizations
  • Is a larger vocal role possible and ways to achieve the same
  • Role of SHGs, Micro finance Institutions

 

4. Poverty and development issues

  • Poverty
  • Concept of development
  • Sen vs Bhagwati model
  • Crisis of development
  • Certain case studies
  • Government’s initiatives and the five year plans
  • Role of civil society organizations

 

5. Effects of globalization on Indian Society

  • What is the meaning of globalization?
  • Kinds of impact of globalization–economic, political, developmental and socio-cultural
  • Is the impact solely positive or negative

 

6. Social empowerment

  • Meaning and concept of social empowerment
  • Why do we need social empowerment?
  • Specific sections for whom social empowerment is the life blood
  • Social empowerment through the five year plans
  • Government’s initiatives for empowerment
  • Empowerment in reality and India’s experience
  • Other approaches /players/tools for social empowerment and some case studies on the same

 

7. Communalism

  • Meaning and concept of communalism
  • Historicity of communalism
  • Recent incidents
  • Role of third parties in inciting/perpetrating communalism
  • Communalism under the law
  • Can communalism be eradicated from the Indian society completely?

 

8. Secularism

  • Meaning and concept of secularism
  • Secularism through the vantage point of Indian Constitution
  • Comparisons of models Indian & Western
  • Gandhi ji on religion
  • Indian philosophy on secularism
  • Threats on the secular spirit
  • Is the Indian democracy mature enough to handle the gravity of secularism?

9. Regionalism

  • Meaning and concept of regionalism
  • Theories on regionalism
  • Regionalism in its various manifestations
  • Role of various players
  • Recent incidents causing a wave of flurry
  • Possible ways to tackle the same

 

SOCIAL JUSTICE

1. Welfare schemes for vulnerable Sections of the population by the Centre and States

  • Constitutional arrangement
  • Women welfare
  • Child welfare
  • SC/ST welfare
  • OBC welfare
  • Minorities welfare
  • Old age welfare
  • Legislations
  • Issues
  • Reforms needed

 

2. Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources

  • Education structure in India
  • Primary, secondary and higher education
  • Initiatives taken by GOI in education
  • Issues
  • Reforms needed
  • Recommendations of committees
  • Future prospects in education sector
  • Skill development
  • Health indicators
  • Health structure in India
  • Private and Public health structure
  • Issues
  • Reforms needed
  • NITI Aayog Report
  • Economic development and human development
  • SDGs and India

 

3. Issues relating to poverty and hunger

  • Poverty definition by different committees
  • Poverty data in India
  • Causes of poverty
  • Poverty and unemployment
  • Poverty and social conflict
  • Impact of LPG on poverty
  • Linkage between poverty and development
  • Rural poverty
  • Urban poverty
  • Feminization of poverty
  • Poverty alleviation measures
  • Problems in implementation of Poverty alleviation programmes
  • Poverty and Hunger
  • Food security programmes and issues
  • Hunger and health
  • Impact of hunger and poverty on economic development of the nation
  • Controversy related to Poverty Data Estimation

 

4. The Scheduled and Tribal Areas

  • 5th Schedule Areas
  • 6th Schedule Areas
  • Composition of autonomous councils
  • Role and functions of councils
  • Role of Governor with respect to tribal areas
  • Tribal sub plan

 

WELFARE SCHEMES

1. Start-up and Skill Development

  • Start Up India Scheme
  • Stand up India Scheme
  • National Student Startup Policy
  • National Skill Development Mission
  • Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana
  • Deen Dayal Antyodaya Yojana
  • Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Grameen Kaushalya Yojana
  • Skill Development Initiative Scheme
  • Self-Employment & Talent Utilisation (SETU)
  • Atal Innovation Mission

 

2. Vulnerable Sector

  • Social Security
  • Atal Pension Yojana
  • Pradhan Mantri Jeevan Jyoti Bima Yojana
  • Pradhan Mantri Suraksha Bima Yojana
  • Minorities
  • Nai Roshni Scheme
  • USTAAD Scheme (Upgrading the Skills and Training in Traditional Arts/Crafts for Development)
  • Nai Manzil Scheme
  • Women and Child Development
  • Beti Bachao Beti Padhao
  • Sukanya Samriddhi Yojana
  • Digital Gudda Guddi Board
  • Sabla
  • Ujjawala Scheme
  • Janani Suraksha Yojana
  • Janani Shishu Suraksha Karyakram
  • SC/ST
  • Vanbandhu Kalyan Yojana
  • Pradhan Mantri Adarsh Gram Yojana
  • Disability
  • Accessible India Campaign (Sugamya Bharat Abhiyan)

 

3. Health

  • National Health Mission
  • National Ayush Mission
  • Swasthya Rakshan Program
  • Jan Aushadhi Scheme
  • Mission Indradhanush
  • NFHS-4 survey

 

4. Education

  • Padhe Bharat Badhe Bharat
  • Mid-Day Meal Scheme
  • Ishan Uday
  • GIAN (Global Initiative of Academic Networks)
  • Rashtriya Avishkar Abhiyan
  • SWAYAM (Study Webs of Active - Learning for Young Aspiring Minds)

5. Rural & Urban Development

  • Sansad Adarsh Gram Yojana
  • Gram Uday Se Bharat Uday Abhiyan
  • Shyama Prasad Mukherjee Rurban Mission
  • Deendayal Upadhyaya Gram Jyoti Yojana
  • Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana
  • Swachch Bharat Abhiyan
  • Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana- Gramin
  • Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana - Urban
  • Housing for all by 2022
  • Smart Cities Mission
  • Hriday - National Heritage City Development and Augmentation Yojana
  • Amrut (Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation)

 

6. Miscellaneous Schemes

  • Jeevan Praman
  • Digilocker
  • Bharatnet Project (National Optical Fibre Network)
  • INSPIRE (Innovation in Science Pursuit
  • for Inspired Research)
  • SAKAAR
  • Digital India
  • Namami Gange Project (Integrated Ganga Conservation Mission Project)
  • Ganga Gram Yojana
  • Jal Kranti Abhiyan
  • Khelo India
  • One Rank One Pension Scheme
  • PRAGATI (Pro-Active Governance and Timely Implementation)
  • Indian Community Welfare Fund (ICWF)

 

7. Inclusive growth

  • Measurement criteria
  • Government initiatives for inclusive growth
  • Basic Amenities: Housing/Drinking Waters/ Sanitations
  • Sustainable Development

 

8. Rural Development

  • Rural development and poverty alleviation
  • Review of the Existing Programmes
  • Development Administration
  • Panchayati Raj
  • Agriculture and Rural Development

 

9. Social Sector Bills

  • The Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act
  • ‘Surrogacy (Regulation) Bill, 2016’
  • ‘Child Labor (Prohibition and Amendment) Bill, 2016’
  • Maternity Benefit Bill, 2016
  • Pre-Conception & Pre-Natal Diagnostic Techniques (PNDT) Act
  • Mental Health Care Bill, 2013
  • Protection of Children from Sexual Offenses (POCSO)
  • Anti-Trafficking Bill with Stringent Penalty
  • HIV and AIDS (Prevention and Control) Bill-2014 - Amendments
  • Domestic Violence Act, 2005 - SC Widens Ambit
  • Rights of Persons with Disabilities Bill, 2014 with more Benefits
  • Transgender Persons (Protection of Rights) Bill 2016
  • The Scheduled Castes and the Scheduled Tribes (Prevention of Atrocities) Amendment Act

 

SOCIAL ISSUES IN NEWS

  1. Secularism, Regionalism & Communalism
  • Secularism and Anti-Conversion
  • Regionalism: Demand for smaller states
  • Repercussions of making Hindi compulsory
  • Socio-Economic Caste Census, 2011

 

  1. Issues related to Women
  • Maternity benefit Amendment Bill
  • Altruistic surrogacy in India
  • Status of widows
  • Acid Attacks
  • SC banned Women Sterilization in India
  • Issue of Sex ratio
  • Issue of Triple Talaq
  • Female Foeticide and Infanticide
  • Reservation for Women in Legislature
  • Women in Combat Duties
  • Women in panchayats
  • Women participation in Economy
  • Challenges faced by Working Women
  • Draft National Policy for Women, 2016

 

  1. Issues related to Children
  • Protection of Children from Sexual Offenses
  • Issue of malnutrition in India
  • Amendments proposed in Child Labour Act
  • Plight of street children
  • Adoption Regulations, 2017
  • National Child Policy
  • Out of school children: Issues and steps needed
  • Cradle Baby Scheme
  • Juvenile Justice System
  • Child Marriages in India
  • Draft bill on child abduction
  • National Action Plan for Children, 2016
  • Report on the Protection of Children (Inter-Country Removal and Retention) Bill, 2016

 

  1. Social issues
  • Social stigma attached with HIV
  • Issues related to Transgender and Transgender Persons Bill, 2015
  • Euthanasia Issue: An Analysis
  • Right to Privacy and Aadhaar
  • Mental Health Care Bill
  • Anti-Trafficking Bill, 2016
  • Challenge of ageing with dignity
  • Rights of Persons with Disabilities Act
  • Maintenance of Welfare of Parents and Senior Citizens Act
  • Manual Scavenging
  • Mob lynching and Rule of Law
  • Issue related to Undertrials
  • Issues related to Sanitation
  • Sharp reality of displacement
  • Moral policing
  • Income inequality in India
  • Forest Rights Act: Analysis

 

5. Health & Education

  • Issue of poor infrastructure in schools
  • No Detention Policy
  • New Policy on Education
  • Lancet Report on Healthcare spending
  • New Health Policy, 2017
  • Technology Adaptation in Health Care
  • Food Fortification

 

6. Government initiatives in social sector

  • Progress Panchayat initiative
  • National Sex Offender Registry
  • Slum Redevelopment
  • Issue of farmer suicide in India
  • Anthropological Survey of India
  • National Commission for Socially and Educationally Backward Classes
  • T.V.S.N. Prasad Report on Pellet Guns
  • Uniform Civil Code
  • Concept of Open Prison

 

Polity & Governance

 

1. Historical Evolution & Features

  • Importance of Constitution
  • Historical evolution of the Constitution
  • Constituent Assembly
  • Objectives of the Constitution
  • Salient features of Indian Constitution
  • Unitary features
  • Federal features
  • Parliamentary form of government
  • Presidential form of government
  • Parliamentary vs. Presidential system of government

 

2. Preamble

  • Preamble
    • Basic features
    • Value premises of constitution
    • Terminologies as:
      • Democratic
      • Sovereign
      • Socialist
      • Secular
      • Republic
      • Justice
      • Equality
      • Liberty
      • Fraternity
      • Integrity

 

3. Citizenship

  • Basic constitutional features
  • Methodology of getting citizenship
  • Modes of Losing the Citizenship of India
  • Concept of dual citizenship
  • Citizenship provisions in J&K
  • Special privileges enjoyed by citizens in India

 

4. Fundamental Rights

  • Significance of Fundamental Rights
  • Right to Equality
  • Right to Freedom
  • Right against Exploitation
  • Right to Freedom of Religion
  • Cultural and Educational Rights
  • Right to Constitutional Remedies
  • Difference between procedure established by law and due process of law
  • Writs and their uses
  • Restrictive limitations on fundamental rights

 

5. DPSP

  • Basic features
  • Directives
  • Economic and Social DPSP
  • Gandhian DPSP
  • Administrative DPSP
  • DPSP related to International Peace
  • Implementation of DPSP
  • Fundamental Rights and the Directive Principles of State Policy Controversy

 

6. Fundamental Duties

  • Features
  • Link of Fundamental Rights & Fundamental Duties

 

  1. Other Principles
  • Process of law making in India
  • Role of Constitutional and extra constitutional bodies in law making
  • Basic structure: How it evolves?
  • Different types of majorities required in Indian Constitution
  • DPSP Fundamental Rights
  • Doctrines Terminologies

8. Separation of Powers

  • Features in American and UK Constitution
  • Checks and balances provisions in Indian Constitution
  • Judicial Review
  • Concept of Separation of Powers

9. Comparison of the Indian constitutional scheme with that of other countries

  • It should cover Comparison of USA, UK, India and neighbours

10. Union & States

  • State Reorganization Commission (brief)
  • Components of Indian territory
  • Process of formation of new states
  • Zonal Councils
  • Union territories
  • Special provisions for states

11. Functions and responsibilities of the Union and the States

  • Regulating functions of Government
  • Development functions of government
  • Service providing functions of government
  • Problems in implementation
  • Recommendations for improvement
  • Interrelationship between union, state and local government in implementation of roles
  • Constitutional provisions related to financial devolution
  • Issues of financial devolution
  1. The federal structure
  • Administrative relations
  • Legislative relations
  • Financial relations
  • Misuse of Article 356
  • Issues related to concurrent list
  • Issues related to appointment of Governor
  • Issues related to state formation
  • Poor devolution of finances
  • Reserving bill for Presidential approval
  • Central sponsored schemes and issues
  • Special package for different states
  • Issues between Centre and State after 1990 reforms
  • Foreign policy and Centre and State Relations

13. The President

  • Importance of President
  • Qualification
  • Election procedure
  • Advantages and disadvantages of single transferable form of voting
  • Presidents’ Term of Office and emoluments
  • Executive Powers
  • Legislative Powers
  • Emergency Powers
  • Financial Powers
  • Miscellaneous powers
  • Judicial powers
  • Presidents Impeachment
  • President as nominal head
  • Issues
    • Ordinance making power
    • Passage of bills
  • Misuse of emergency provisions
    • Pardon power
    • Coalition government

14. Vice President

  • Office of the Vice-President
  • Functions
  1. Prime Minister
  • Appointment of PM
  • Functions of PM
  • Role of PM with respect to
    • CoM
    • President
    • Lok Sabha
    • Political Party
    • Coalition Government

16. Council of Ministers

  • Division of CoM
  • Role of CoM
  • Role of Cabinet
  • Responsibilities of the Ministers

17. Attorney General of India

  • Qualification
  • Functions
  • Powers with respect to parliament

18. Parliament

  • Composition of Rajya Sabha
  • Composition of Lok Sabha
  • Composition of Legislative assembly and Legislative Council
  • Qualification and disqualification of MPs and MLAs
  • Vacation of seats
  • Sessions of parliament
  • Law making procedure
  • Officers of Parliament and state legislature
  • Parliament Proceedings
  • Motions and resolutions in Parliament
  • Powers and Privileges
  • Financial proceedings
  • Comparison of Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha
  • Comparison of Legislative assembly and council
  • Women reservation in Parliament and issues
  • Lowering of Parliamentary powers
  • Parliamentary committees and their working
  • Judicial activism and Parliament
  • Delegated legislation and issues

 

19. The Union Judiciary

  • Integrated judicial system
  • Supreme Court
    • Composition
    • Independence of Supreme Court
    • Jurisdiction of SC
    • Judicial Review
  • High Court
    • Composition
    • Terms and removal
    • Jurisdiction
    • Other powers
    • Lower judiciary
    • Appointment
    • Powers
  • The role of the Supreme Court of India as guardian of the Constitution and protector of Fundamental Rights
  • Judicial Review
  • PIL
  • Judicial Activism
  • Judiciary appointment
  • Collegiums System
  • NJAC Controversy
  • National Court of Appeal
  • Judicial Accountability
  • Issues of corruption in judiciary

20. Ministries and Departments of the

Government

  • Functioning of Ministries
  • Central Secretariat
  • Cabinet Secretary
  • Field organizations
  • Reforms needed
  • International methodology

21. Panchayats

  • Provisions of 73rd AA and 74th AA
  • Role and functions of different tiers
  • Municipal Corporations
  • Municipal Councils
  • Nagar Panchayats
  • The steps taken towards women’s empowerment
  • Role of State Election commission
  • Role of State Finance Commission
  • Smart City Mission & Municipal Governance

22. Dispute redressal mechanisms and institutions

  • What is Dispute redressal mechanism?
  • Need of Dispute redressal mechanisms
  • Administrative tribunal and issues
  • Fast Track Courts and issues
  • Gram Nyayalayas and issues
  • Parivarik Mahila Lok Adalats and issues
  • Family Courts and issues
  • Lok Adalat and issues
  • NALSA and issues
  • Dispute redressal for Weaker section
  • Arbitration Mechanism
  • International Arbitral Centre
  • Commercial Court

23. Comptroller And Auditor-General of India

  • Appointment
  • Functions
  • Role of CAG in good governance

24. The Governor

  • Appointment, term of office, qualification, etc
  • Powers
  • Discretionary powers
  • Ordinance making power

25. Chief Minister

  • Appointment
  • Powers and responsibilities
  • Relationship between the Governor and the Chief Minister
  • Relationship between CoM and the Chief Minister

26. The Advocate-General for the State

  • Appointment
  • Functions

27. State legislature

  • The composition of Vidhan Sabha and Vidhan Parishad
  • Qualifications of the Members of Legislature
  • Powers and Functions of State Legislature
  • Relationship between both the Houses
  • Officers of State Legislature
  • Powers, Privileges and Immunities of State Legislatures and their Members
  • Legislative procedure
  • Governor’s assent to Bills
  • Procedure in Financial Matters/Budget

 

Governance

  1. Need and importance of Government Policies
  • Growth and development
  • Human development and human capital formation
  • Equality (interpersonal and interregional) and social justice
  • Unity and integrity
  • Trust between state and citizens

2. Effective Implementation

  • What is effective implementation? Best outcomes in view of given time, resources and constraints
  • Analysis of different important schemes

3. Government intervention

  • Good Governance-Role of institutions, bureaucrats and other stakeholders
  • Transparency and accountability
  • Optimum use of resources- Right targeting, plugging leakages and wasteful expenditure, use of available knowledge, research and innovation.
  • Monitoring and evaluation- Outcome budget, zero base budgeting, input output analysis, cost-benefit analysis
  • Setting up institutions and regulatory norms task forces, steering committees and review committees.

4. Development process and industry

  • Difference between Growth and Development
  • Main Constraints of development
  • Main Stakeholders in development process
  • Self Help Groups
    • Meaning
    • Importance
    • Objectives
    • Institutional Structure and organization
    • Funding
  • Micro Finance
    • Meaning and importance
    • Objectives
    • Structure and Organization
    • Advantages
    • Micro Finance in India
  • Non-Government Organizations
    • What are NGOs?
    • Difference between Non Government Organizations (NGOs) and International Non Governmental Organizations (INGOs)
    • United Nations Criteria for INGO and NGO
    • NGOs and development projects
  • NGOs and Community development
  • NGOs involved in relief and rehabilitation
  • NGOs involved in disaster management
  • NGOs and advocacy

5. Important aspects of governance, transparency and accountability

  • Citizen centric governance
  • Features of good governance
  • Legislative accountability
  • Administrative accountability
  • Judicial accountability
  • Ombudsman
  • Whistleblowers concept
  • Anti corruption machinery
  • Role of citizens
  • Role of media
  • Social audit
  • Systematic reforms

6. e-Governance

  • Introduction
  • Applications
  • Models
  • Successes
  • Limitations
  • Future prospects

7. Citizens Charters

  • Citizens Charters
  • Introduction
  • Models
  • Features
  • CC in India
  • Issues in CC implementation
  • Reform needed

8. Role of civil services in a democracy

  • Concept of civil services
  • Need for civil services
  • Different role of civil services
  • Law making
  • Policy formulation
  • Policy implementation
  • Policy evaluation
  • Civil services as protector of democracy
  • To protect minorities (religious and linguistic)
  • To promote Inclusive and sustainable growth

9. Pressure groups and formal/informal associations and their role in the Polity

  • What are pressure groups?
  • Types
  • The significance of pressure groups in India
  • Differentiate between a pressure group and a political party
  • Evaluation of pressure groups role

 

10. Appointment to various Constitutional posts, powers, functions and responsibilities of various Constitutional Bodies

  • Appointment of CAG (procedure of appointment) - composition of CAG
  • Functions and responsibilities of CAG
  • Powers and privileges of CAG (provided by constitution and different ACTs of Parliament.)
  • Appointment of ECI (procedure of appointment) - composition of ECI
  • Functions and responsibilities of ECI
  • Powers and privileges of ECI (provided by constitution and different ACTs of Parliament)
  • Appointment to UPSC (procedure of appointment)- composition of UPSC
  • Functions and responsibilities of UPSC
  • Powers and privileges of UPSC (provided by constitution and different ACTs of Parliament.)
  • Appointment to Finance commission (procedure of appointment) - composition of Finance commission
  • Functions and responsibilities of Finance commission
  • Powers and privileges of the Finance commission (provided by constitution and different ACTs of Parliament.)
  • National commission for SCs and STs.

11. Statutory, regulatory and various quasi-judicial bodies

  • SEBI
  • CVC
  • CBI
  • Planning Commission
  • NDC
  • PMO
  • Zonal Council
  • TRAI
  • IRDA
  • National Human Rights Commission
  • State Human Rights Commission
  • Central Information Commission
  • State Information Commission
  • National Consumer Disputes Redressal Commission
  • Tribunal
  • Medical Council Of India
  • Pension Fund Regulatory and Development Authority
  • Biodiversity Authority Of India
  • Press Council Of India
  • Forward Markets Commission
  • Inland Waterways Authority Of India
    • RBI

12. Elections in India

  • Salient features of the Representation of People Act, 1950
  • Salient features of Representation of Peoples Act, 1951
  • Electoral reforms
  • Criminalization of politics
  • Negative or neutral voting
  • State funding of Elections
  • Irregularities in polling

13. Political Parties in India

  • Political parties in India
  • Party reforms
  • Problems in the working of parties 
  • Casteism and politics
  • Reforms in Party system in India
  • Strengthening of Anti-defection measures

14. Role of Pressure Groups

  • Types of pressure groups
  • Role of pressure group in developing countries
  • Functions of pressure groups in India
  • Pressure groups and Methods
  • Pressure groups and Democracy
  • Criticism of pressure groups

Recent Developments

  1. Bills
  • Representation of People (Amendment) Bill 2010
  • Aadhaar (Targeted Delivery of Financial and other Subsidies, Benefits and Services) Act, 2016’
  • Admiralty (Jurisdiction and Settlement of Maritime Claims) Bill, 2016
  • The Anti-Hijacking Act, 2016
  • Panchayats (Extension to the Scheduled Areas) Act, 1996
  • Lokpal & Lokayukta (Amendment) Act, 2016
  • Motor Vehicles (Amendment) Bill, 2016
  • Whistleblowers Amendment Bill

 

  1. Union & State Government
  • Imposition of President Rule: An Analysis
  • Frequent promulgation of Ordinance
  • Provisions related to Removal of Governors
  • Politicization of the post of Governor
  • Relevance of Rajya Sabha
  • Frequent disruption of Parliament and its impact
  • Anti-Defection Law
  • Issue related to Office of Profit
  • Special privileges to MPs and its implication
  • Freebies Politics in India
  • Political Parties and RTI
  • Basics of Separation of Power in India
  1. Judiciary
  • Issue related to appointment of judges
  • Proposal for National Court of Appeal
  • Concept of defamation in India
  • Contempt of Court
  • What are contempt proceedings?
  • Public Interest Litigation
  • Advocates (Amendment) Bill, 2017 Controversy
  • Issue of Judicial overreach
  • National Litigation Policy
  • All India Judicial Services
  • Judicial reforms
  • Future challenges may be faced by Indian Judiciary
  • Administrative Tribunals
  1. Local Government
  • Nagaland Reservation in Urban bodies: Issue
  • Education qualification made mandatory for contesting Local Government Elections
  • Reforms needed in Municipalities in Sync with Urban development Missions
  • 14th Finance Commission and Local Governments
  1. Elections
  • Simultaneous Elections: feasibility and benefits
  • Introduction of NOTA in elections
  • Bill on Right To Recall Legislators
  • Benefits of recognition as a National party
  • Provision of Compulsory Voting
  • State funding in elections
  • Corporate funding laws
  • Election Commission Proposal for countering bribe-for-votes
  • About Paper Trail Units
  • Issues related to the working of Political Parties
  • Voting rights to NRI
  • Role of civil society in free and fair election
  • Women voices in elections
  • Law Commission Report on Electoral Reforms
  1. Organisations/Bodies
  • 14th Finance Commission: Analysis
  • 7th Pay Commission Report and Repercussions
  • AFSPA and Second ARC
  • Inter-State River Water Dispute
  • Role of Niti Aayog
  • Significance of Public Accounts Committee
  • Autonomy of CBI
  • Analysis of functioning of CAG
  • Right to Information
  • Accountability and transparency in NGOs
  • Need of Indian Skill Development Service
  1. Initiatives for Transparency & Accountability
  • Saving life and Good Samaritan Law
  • Pro-Active Governance and Timely Implementation (PRAGATI)
  • Right Based Approach in Policy Making
  • Direct Benefit transfer
  • Issues related to Making Aadhaar Mandatory
  • Reforms needed in Indian Bureaucracy
  • Performance appraisal system in bureaucracy
  • Curb on VIP culture
  1. Scheme
  • Pradhan Mantri Jan-Dhan Yojana (PMJDY)
  • Swachh Bharat Mission
  • National Skill Development Mission
  • National Food Security Act, 2013
  • Sansad Adarsh Gram Yojana
  • Smart City Mission
  • Namami Gange
  1. Reports & Policies
  • Niti aayog’s report on rationalization of Centrally Sponsored Schemes
  • Law Commission’s 268th Report on Bail Reforms
  • Law Commission Report on Hate Speech
  • Model Land Leasing Law prepared by NITI Aayog
  • Standing Committee Report on water conservation
  • Report on Working Group on Migration
  1. Miscellaneous
  • Liquor ban on highways: critical analysis
  • SC Makes National Anthem Mandatory
  • National Water Framework Bill
  • Regionalism: Demand for smaller states
  • Directly Elected Mayor
  • Special category status to states: Meaning and demand
  • Analysis of Singur Verdict
  • Debate on the issue of Lobbying in India
  • Media Role and Censorship issue
  • Fundamental Duties – Awareness Campaigns is the Duty of Centre
  • National Anthem - Mandatory in Cinema Halls - Article 51(a)
  • Prevention of Insults to National Honor Act, 1971
  • Triple Talaq Issue
  • Uniform Civil Code
  • MGNREGA: Right to Work
  • Making AADHAR Mandatory Violates Fundamental Rights


 

International Relations

India & Neighbours

  1. India – Nepal Relations
  • Background of Relation
  • Political
  • Economic
  • The Issue of Water and Hydropower Cooperation
  • Social
  • Psychological
  • The Recent Visit of Prime Minister Narendra Modi
  • Recommendations to Improve Relations
  1. India and Bhutan
  • Economy: A Broad Overview
  • India, Bhutan and China: issues
  • The Recent Landmark visit by Indian Prime Minister
  1. Indo-Afghan Bilateral Relations
  • A Long History of Bilateral Relations
  • The India-Afghanistan Development Partnership
  • Strategic factors undergirding India’s Partnership with Afghanistan
  • Afghanistan after NATO Withdrawal
  • Options for India
  1. India-Bangladesh Relations
  • Development Partnership
  • India-Bangladesh Relations in line with ‘Look East’ policy
  • Recent Boundary Agreements and their analysis
  1. India-Maldives Relations
  • Geostrategic Importance of Maldives
  • Development Cooperation
  • Security Risks
  1. India-Sri Lanka Relations
  • Commercial Relations
  • Developmental Cooperation
  • Fishermen Issue
  1. India-Myanmar Relations
  • Relation through ages
  • Recent change in policy
  • China Role
  1. Indo-Pak Relations
  • Major Crisis
  • Water Dispute
  • Current Internal Scenario
  • Impact on India
  • Developments in Last One Year
  1. Indo-China Relations
  • Economic Relation
  • China India Water Related Issue
  • “String of Pearls Strategy”
  • China’s Maritime Silk Route Implications for India
  1. South China Sea Dispute
  • Main Disputes
  • Resources as a Driver of Competition
  • Attempts for Resolution
  • India and South China Dispute
  1. Security Challenges in the Indian Ocean Region
  • The Pivot to Asia – US Policy Shift
  • South China Sea- Issues of Mistrust
  • Piracy off the coast of Somalia
  • Neighbourhood Issues and Terrorism
  • Energy Routes
  • Fisheries and Livelihood Issues
  • Environmental Security
  • Declaration of Indian Ocean as Zone of Peace
  • India and Asian Nations relations

India & Asian Nations Relations

1. CIS Countries of Central Asia

  • India-Turkmenistan
  • India-Kazakhstan
  • India Tajikistan
  • China And Central Asia
  • International North-South Transport Corridor
  • Shanghai Cooperation Organisation

2. India-Mongolia

  • India-Mongolia Bilateral Cooperation
  • Deal on Uranium Supply
  • Visit

3. India – UAE Relations

  • Political and economic relation
  • Oil Economic Relation

4. India – IRAN

  • Iran Nuclear Deal and India
  • India Iran Relations
  • US-Geopolitical and Geo-Economic Consideration in Iran

5. India – ISRAEL

  • Israel and Palestine
  • India – Israel Relations

6. India – Saudi Arabia

  • Areas of Cooperation
  • Challenges in relations

7. Asia-Pacific Region

  • Zones of Activity
  • Regional Groupings
  • Geopolitics of Asia Pacific

8. India-South East Asia

  • Steps in Indo-ASEAN Relations
  • India-ASEAN Security Co-operation

9. Indo-Japan Bilateral Relationship

  • Economy Centric Relationship
  • Contemporary Perspective

10. India – South Korea

  • India South Korea Relations
  • Economic Partnership in Recent Years

11. India-Vietnam

  • Economic Cooperation
  • Strategic Cooperation
  • Geo-political Issues concerning India-Vietnam Energy Cooperation
  • China’s Response
  • India’s Response

India & Asian Nations Relations

  1. Indian Diaspora
  • Role played by Indian Diaspora
  • Issue of safety of Indians abroad
  • Schemes for Welfare of Overseas Indian
  • Narendra Modi and Indian Diaspora

India & Other Nation & Institutions

  1. India and Africa
  • Historical Connections
  • Gandhi’s Role
  • Nehru’s Role
  • Strengthening of Ties
  • South-south Engagement
  • Current Dynamics
  • Economic Cooperation
  • Human resources development and capacity building
  • Energy Cooperation
  • Military Security Co-operation
  • Trade Policy under Modi
  • Afro-Indian Trade
  • Indian investment in Africa
  • African investment in India
  • Development cooperation and assistance
  1. Indo-Australia Relationship
  • Immigration Issue and Indian Diaspora
  • Economic Relationship
  • Issue of Nuclear Cooperation
  • India-Russia Bilateral Relationship
  • Shanghai Cooperation Organization
  • Warming Relationship between Pakistan and Russia
  1. France
  • Strategic Partnership
  • Prime Minister’s Recent Visit to France
  1. Germany
  • Indian-Germany Economic Relations
  1. United Kingdom
  • Ties in Current Context
  • Scotland’s Referendum
  • India & BREXIT
  1. India-US Relations
  • Area of Cooperation: Strategic Consultations
  • Area of Co-operation : Counter terrorism and Internal Security
  • Area of Cooperation : Trade and Economic
  • Area of Cooperation : Energy and Climate Change
  • Area of Cooperation : Science & Technology (S&T) and Space
  • Area of Cooperation : People to People Ties
  • Area of Cooperation : Defence Cooperation
  • Intellectual Property Issues
  • India and International Organisations
  1. The World Trade Organization
  • Representation in the WTO and Economic Groupings
  • How the WTO takes Decisions
  • The WTO Secretariat and Budget
  • How Countries Join the WTO
  • Assisting Developing and Transition Economies
  • Specialized Help for Export Promotion
  • The WTO’s Part in Global Economic Policy-making
  • Nairobi Package adopted at 10th WTO Ministerial Conference
  • WTO reports rise in protectionism
  1. International Monetary Fund
  • International Monetary Fund (IMF)
  • India gets more Voting Rights in IMF Reforms
  1. Nuclear Security Summit
  • The fourth Nuclear Security Summit: 2016
  • Threats of Nuclear Terrorism
  • Missile Technology Control Regime (MTCR)
  • Nuclear Suppliers Group (NSG)
  • Recent Support for NSG Membership for India
  • Why is India seeking to become a member of NSG?
  • Why are certain countries opposing India’s entry into NSG?
  • Argument in favour for India Joining NSG
  1. BRICS
  • Economic Environment in BRICS Countries
  • Last BRICS Summit in Goa, India
  • BRICS-BIMSTEC Outreach Summit
  1. BIMSTEC
  • Convention on Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters
  1. IBSA
  • IBSA Potential
  • Need for Revitalizing IBSA
  • India’s Policy Options
  • Technological Collaboration
  1. SAARC
  • Indo-Pak Conflict
  • Problem of Resource Development
  • Prospects For SAARC
  1. Relevance of Non-Alignment in present India
  • What is NAM?
  • Relevance in present era
  1. India-ASEAN Economic Cooperation
  • Singapore
  • Vietnam
  • Indonesia
  • India ASEAN FTA in Service

 

Economy

Basic Economy

  1. Indian Economy and issues relating to planning
  • Indian Economy in Pre-independence Period
  • Economy on Eve of Independence
  • Challenges
  • Features
  • Post-Independence India
  • Issues
  • Agriculture and its development so far
  • Industry
  • Services
  • Phases of Economic Development in India
  • Nehruvian Socialist Economy
  • Economic Reforms
  • Planning
  • Objectives
  • Technical details
  • Planning History
  • Analysis of each plan
  1. Resource Mobilization
  • Types of resources: Physical capital and finance capital
  • Need for resource mobilization- Police State and Democratic Welfare State
  • Sources of resource mobilization: Public Sector and Private Sector
  • Savings and investment over the five year plan
  • Budgetary resources: Tax and Non tax
  • Role of Public Debt in resource mobilization and effects: Market borrowing, loans, grants, etc.
  • Role of fiscal and monetary policies in resource mobilization
  • Role of foreign investment in resource mobilization, desirability and consequences
  • Multilateral agencies and resource mobilization
  1. Inclusive growth and issues arising from it
  • Meaning and concept of Inclusion
  • India’s experience
  • Social sector initiatives and inclusion process
  • Ground reality and working of flagship schemes
  • India’s growth story in this context
  • Why is India's growth not inclusive?
  • Rural economy based growth
  • Need for Sustainable agriculture, food security and resilience for growth.
  • Public distribution schemes: Way to inclusive growth.
  • Financial inclusion as an instrument of inclusive growth.
  • Poverty Alleviation and Employment Generation as a strategy for inclusive growth
  • Social sector development as an instrument for inclusive growth.
  • Public private partnership for inclusive growth
  • Industrial Integration for inclusive growth
  • Sectoral and regional diversification as a tool for inclusive growth.
  1. Government Budgeting
  • Budget terminology
  • Types of budget
  • Features of outcome budgeting
  • Merger of Railway and General Budget
  • Benefits of budgeting
  • Flaws in budgeting process
  • Budget analysis
  1. Investment models
  • Measures of Investment
  • Capital and investment
  • Factors affecting investment
  • Classification of Investment
  • FDI
  • Angel Investors and Start-ups
  • M&A
  • Investment Models
  • Role of State
  • PPP (Public-Private Partnership)
  • Savings and Investment Trends
  1. Fiscal Policy
  • Fiscal Policy in India
  • Important Budgetary Terms and Fiscal Concept
  • Government Revenues & Spending
  • Deficits
  • Balance Sheet
  1. Taxation
  • Taxation Meaning
  • Principles of Taxation
  • Objectives of Taxation
  • Taxation for Mobilization of Resources
  • Tax System in India
  • Subsidies
  • Tax Reforms
  • GST
  1. Monetary policy in India
  • Instruments of Monetary Policy
  • Monetary policy in pre-reform Era (1948 – 1991)
  • Monetary Policy in Post-Reform Era (Since – 1991)
  • Urjit Patel Committee Report
  • Monetary Policy Committee and Inflation Targeting
  1. Financial system
  • Money Market in India
  • Capital Market in India
  • Indian Capital Market Regulatory Framework
  • Primary Market Reforms in India
  • Secondary Market Reforms in India
  1. Banking
  • Indian Banking System
  • Functions of Commercial Banks
  • Challenges Faced by Commercial Banks in India
  • Nationalization of Banks in India
  • Banking Reforms in India
  • New Bank Licence Criteria
  • Small Finance Banks and Payment Banks Criteria
  • Non-Banking Financial Company (NBFC)
  • Terminologies/Concepts Related to Banking in India
  • Financial Inclusion
  • NPAs
  • Bills related to Banking
  1. Foreign trade & International Organisations
  • International Trade
  • Trade Policy
  • Balance of Payments
  • Foreign Capital
  • Impact of Globalization on Indian Economy
  • International Monetary Fund
  • WTO
  • World Bank Group
  • AIIB and NDB

Agriculture

  1. Role of Agriculture in Indian Economy
  2. Land resource
  • Land-use
  • Land capability classification
  • Causes of Land Degradation
  • Impact of Land Degradation
  • Steps taken by GOI
  • Sustainable Land Management
  1. Land Reforms
  • Objectives of Land Reforms in India
  • Progress of Land Reforms in India
  • Progress of Ceiling Legislation
  • NITI Aayog Report on Land Leasing
  1. Agriculture Finance
  • Features of Agricultural Finance
  • Criteria for Agricultural Credit
  • Need for Agricultural Finance
  • Sources of Agricultural Finance
  • Problems of Agricultural Finance
  • Measures taken to improve credit flow to agriculture
  • Co-operative Credit Societies in India
  1. Agricultural Credit Institutions
  • Commercial Bank
  • Lead Bank Scheme
  • Multi Agency Approach
  • Regional Rural Banks
  • National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development (NABARD)
  • Reserve Bank of India
  • Kisan Credit Card Scheme
  • Self Help Group (SHG)
  • Bank Linkage Programme
  • Rural Infrastructure Development Fund (RIDF)
  • Government Policy For Agricultural Credit
  • Farmers Service Societies (FSS)
  1. Crop Insurance in India
  • Historical Background
  • Issues Related to Crop Insurance
  • Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana
  • Comparison with Earlier Crop Insurance Schemes
  • Challenges
  1. Agriculture Marketing
  • Process of Agricultural Marketing in India
  • Structure of Agricultural Marketing in India
  • Importance of Proper Agriculture Marketing
  • Government Measures to Improve Agricultural Marketing in India
  • Analysis of APMC Act
  1. Subsidies
  • Objectives of subsidies
  • Transfer of resources from gainers from economic policies to losers from economic policies
  • Farm Subsidies
  • Fertiliser subsidies
  • Subsidy on power
  • Subsidy on irrigation
  • Rationale of Minimum Support Price
  • Impact of MSP on inflation
  • Public Distribution System: Objectives, functioning, limitations, revamping, evolution from universal PDS to targeted PDS, Targeted PDS, a critical analysis of cost and benefit of PDS
  • Buffer Stock policy and government’s intervention in food market to keep prices under reasonable limits to help consumers
  • Food Security bill, questions of resource mobilization for the FSB, criticism of the FSB
  • Important questions on the future of subsidies
  1. Agricultural Revolutions in India
  • Green Revolution
  • White Revolution – Operation Flood
  • Yellow Revolution
  • Blue Revolution
  • Golden Fiber Revolution: Jute
  1. Food Processing
  • Processed Foods Scenario with respect to Specific Sectors
  • Policy Initiatives
  • Infrastructure Development in Food Processing Sector
  • Issues in Food Processing Sector
    • FDI Policy in Food Processing
    • Notable Trends in the Indian Food Processing Sector
    • Strategies Adopted in Budget
    • New foreign and domestic investment
    • Sector-specific government policies

 

INDUSTRY

  1. Industrial policy and industrial development: Main Issues
  • Mahalanobis strategy and India’s industrial policy-Discussing Industrial policy resolution 1948 and 1956 critically
  • New Economic Policy and Industrial policy under the policy of liberalization, privatization and globalization
  • Phases of Industrial development
  1. Main features of Industrial development in India
  • Roles of private sector and public sector, Investment in the industrial sector, employment, productivity, profit etc.
  • Strategies for disinvestment and privatization
  • Role of Small, Medium and Micro enterprises, Government Policy, main problems, effects of globalization
  • New Manufacturing Policy
  • Industrial disbursal and Industrial corridors
  • SEZs- Main issues like land use, relocation of same industries that exist, exports earnings vs loss of tax income
  • Industrial sickness, institutional mechanism to support the sick industries, exit policy issues
  • Main constraints in the industrial development of India
  • Effects of globalization on industries, Sub-prime crisis and sovereign debt crisis on Industry in India
  • Industrial Finance in India: Role of development banking, commercial banking, venture capital, angel capital in industrialization and promotion of entrepreneurship
  • Make in India achievements

TRANSPORT

  • Transport
  • Importance and development of transport
  • Means of transport
  • Transport costs and economic distance
  • Operating costs in transport
  • Relative importance of means of transport: Railways, Roads, Pipeline, Oceans, Air transport
  • Profits and freight rates
  • Government’s transport policy
  • Transport patterns in the world:
  • Oceanic transport Ocean transport routes
  • Inland waterways
  • Main regions of inland waterways
  • Railways: Factors affecting the railroads
  • Distribution of railroads in the world
  • Factors influencing air transport
  • Pipeline Transport
  • Petroleum (oil) Pipelines
  • Gas Pipelines
  • Transport costs and specialization
  • Transport and trade in the modern era
  • Transport costs and scale economies
  • Falling transport costs increase trade between neighbours
  • Failing transport costs lead to concentration within countries
  • Negative externalities of transport
  • Important issues
    • Ownership and financing
    • Pricing of Public utilities
    • Infrastructure as avenues for investment
    • Project delays-reasons and measures to overcome
    • Public Private Partnership and related issues
    • Operation and Maintenance of roads, railways, irrigation and power projects-Main problems and solutions
    • Impact of Infrastructure-Economic impacts, impact on social development, environmental impacts

RECENT DEVELOPMENTS

  1. Finance
  • Changes in Budget process in India
  • Public Debt Management Cell
  • IBBI and INSOLVENCY RULES
  • Demonetization and its impact
  • Goods and Services Tax
  • Digital Payments scenario
  • Task Force Releases draft Bill to establish a Financial Data Management Center
  • Task Force report on Financial Redress Agency Released
  • Law Commission submits report on Income Tax related to Minors
  • Consumer get free hand on paying service charge
  • Monetary Policy Committee Review
  • Report of Working Group on development of Corporate Bond Market in India
  • Concept of municipal bonds
  • Lower taxes, higher compliance: implication on economy
  1. Banking
  • Bank Consolidation: Pros and Cons
  • Concept of willful defaulter
  • Concept of bad bank
  • Shadow banking
  • Non Performing Assets
  • Debate on RBI autonomy
  • Indradhanush Analysis
  • MCLR regime
  • Unified Payment Interface
  • India’s Post payment bank
  • Issue of Balance Sheet Syndrome
  • Differentiated Bank Licenses
  1. Industry
  • Standing Committee submits report on Industrial Policy
  • Draft National Food Processing Policy Released
  • Initiatives for Fund for start-ups
  • Companies need to look beyond CSR
  • Merger of telecoms
  • National Company Law Tribunal
  • Initiatives to support MSME sector
  • Model Shop and Establishment Bill, 2016
  • National Capital Goods Policy
  • H1B visa rules and IT sector
  • Ease of doing business initiatives in Realty sector
  • Coal linkage policy
  • Ministry releases Draft Labor Code on Social Security
  • Analysis of Competition Commission of India
  1. Agriculture
  • NITI Aayog report on Agriculture
  • Agricultural Index by NITI Aayog
  • Defects in Procurement Policy
  • Reforming trade in agriculture products
  • Report on incentivising production of pulses released by Ministry of Finance
  • Draft Model APMC Act, 2016 released
  1. Infrastructure
  • Sagarmala project
  • Inland waterways in India
  • Safety issues in Railways
  • Draft policy for providing New Suburban Rail Systems released
  • NITI Aayog releases report on the impact of social service obligations by Railways
  • Indian Railway Tourism Policy
  • Aviation Sector and Regional Connectivity Scheme
  • Air Service Agreement
  • HELP
  • Ministry of Power releases guidelines on cross-border trading of electricity
  • Supreme Court bans sale of vehicles not compliant with BS IV standards
  • Multi-Modal Transport System
  1. External sector
  • Model Bilateral investment treaty
  • Phasing out of FIPB
  • FDI status and issues
  • Permanent residency status to foreign investors
  • Dispute Settlement Mechanism in WTO
  • Increase in International Trade Dispute
  • FTP 2015-20
  • Reforms in IMF quota 
  1. Committees
  • FSLRC - Financial Sector Legislative Reforms Commission: Analysis
  • Nachiket Mor Committee Report
  • PJ Nayak Committee
  • Vijay Kelkar Committee on PPP
  • Parthasarathi Shome committee on GAAR
  • Urjit Patel Committee Report on Monetary Policy
  • Mahapatra Committee (NBFC Loan Restructuring)
  • Usha Thorat Committee
  • Debroy Committee on Railways
  • N.K. Sing Panel Report on FRBM
  • Shanta Kumar Committee
  • Ratan Watal Committee on Digital Payments
  1. Miscellaneous
  • Unemployment survey
  • India’s first International Arbitration Centre inaugurated.
  • Ponzi scheme and Issues
  • Fat tax: concept analysis
  • National Student Startup Policy

 

Science & Technology

Biology

  1. Chemical Building Blocks of Life
  2. History and Origin of Life
  3. Cells
  • Cell Structure
  • Membranes
  • Cell-Cell Interactions
  • Energy and Metabolism
  • Respiration
  • Photosynthesis
  • How Cells Divide
  • Sexual Reproduction
  1. Genetics
  • Inheritance
  • DNA, The Genetic Material
  • Gene Expression
  • Gene Regulation
  • Mutation
  • Recombinant DNA Technology
  1. Classification of Living Things
  • Classification and Domains of Life
  • General Biology/Classification of Living Things/Viruses
  • Prokaryotes
  • Eukaryotes
  • Protists
  • Plants
  • Fungi
  • Animals
  1. Evolution
  • Evolution of Life
  • Animal Evolution
  • Human Evolution
  1. Tissues
  • Epithelial tissue
  • Connective tissue
  • Muscle tissue
  1. Economic Zoology
  • Beneficial animals: Corals - Earthworm -Vermiculture - Beneficial insects Prawns - Lobsters - Crabs – Pearl oysters - Fishes - Guano - Aquarium Vivarium
  • Harmful animals: Disease causing organisms Vectors - Poisonous organisms – Fouling organisms - Pests.
  1. Endocrine System
  • Hypothalamus
  • Pineal body (epiphysis)
  • Pituitary gland (hypophysis)
  • Thyroid
  • Adrenal glands
  • Reproductive glands
  1. Respiration
  • External and Internal Respiration
  • Respiratory system in Plants
  • Respiratory System in Insects
  • Respiratory System in Humans and Animals
  1. The Transport System in Organisms
  • Transport system in a Cell
  • Transport System in Plants
  • Transport System in Animals
  • Blood Vascular System
  • The Lymphatic System
  1. Skeletal and Muscular Systems
  • Bone and Skeleton System (Osteology)
  • Ligaments (Syndesmology)
  • Muscular System (Myology)
  • Vertebrates
  1. Reproduction
  • Asexual Reproduction in Plants
  • Asexual Reproduction in Animals
  • Sexual Reproduction in Plants
  • Sexual Reproduction in Animals
  • Sexual Reproduction in Humans
  1. Excretion, Osmoregulation and Thermoregulation
  • Excretory products
  • Excretion in plants
  • Excretion in Animals
  • Osmoregulation, ADH and formation of Urine in Animals
  • Physiological and Behavioural Adjustments
  1. Nutrition
  • Classification by Source of Energy and Carbon
  • Plant Nutrition
  • Animal Nutrition
  • Human Diet
  • The Digestive System

Institutions & Policy

  • India’s policy in the field of the science and technology
  • The S&T policy resolution in 1958
  • S&T policy of the 1983
  • S&T policy of the 2003
  • S&T policy 2013
  • Institutional structure
  • Department of Science & Technology
  • CSIR
  • Survey of India
  • Science and Engineering Research Council
  • Technology Development Board
  • National Accreditation Board For Testing And Calibration Laboratories
  • Science and technology as a source of Human Resource Development
  • Awards related to Science
  • New Initiatives Aligned with the National Agenda
  • India and World collaboration in science projects
  • Technology Vision Document 2035
  • National Biotechnology Development Strategy 2015-2020
  • National Intellectual Property Rights Policy
  • Organ donation rules in India
  • Policy on Synthetic Biology

Biotechnology

  1. Genetics and biotechnology
  • Industrial genetics
  • Protoplast and cell fusion technologies
  • Genetic engineering
  • DNA sequencing
  • Nucleic acid probes
  • Genomics and proteomics
  • Antisense and RNA interface
  • Potential laboratory biohazards of genetic engineering
  • Bioprocess/fermentation technology
  1. Biological fuel generation
  • Global warming and the significance of fossils fuels
  • Photosynthesis: the ultimate energy source
  • Biofuels from biomass
  • Bioethanol from biomass
  • Biodiesel
  • Methane
  • Hydrogen
  1. Environmental Biotechnology
  • Microbial Ecology Environmental Biotechnology
  • Waste water and sewage treatment
  • Landfilling technologies
  • Composting
  • Bioremediation
  • Detect and monitoring of pollutants
  • Microbes and the geological environment
  • Environmental sustainability and clean technology
  1. Plant and Forest Biotechnology
  • Plant biotechnology
  • Forest biotechnology
  1. Animal and Insect Biotechnology
  • Genetic manipulation and transgenic animals
  • Genetically engineered hormone and vaccines
  • Animal organs for human patients
  • Genetically modified insects
  1. Food and beverage biotechnology
  • Food and beverage fermentations
  • Microorganisms as food
  • Enzymes and food processing
  • Amino acids, vitamins and sweeteners
  • Organic acids and polysaccharides
  • Public acceptance and safety of new biotechnology foods
  • Biotechnology and medicine
  • Pharmaceuticals and biopharmaceuticals
  • Antibiotics
  • Vaccines and monoclonal antibodies
  • Biopharmaceuticals/therapeutic proteins
  • Pharmacogenetics
  • Molecular biology and human disease
  • Diagnostics in developing countries
  • Gene Therapy
  • Systems biology and medicine
  • Stem cell biotechnology
  1. Protection of biotechnological inventions
  • Patent protection Trade secrets
  • Plant breeders’ rights
  1. Recent initiatives in Health & Biotechnology
  • Diseases in News
  • India Declared Maternal and Neonatal Tetanus, H5N1 and Yaws Free
  • IPV Injection
  • Mission Indradhanush
  • New TB Drug Regimen
  • E-Cigarettes
  • Digital Biopiracy
  • Kendrapara Sheep
  • DNA Tagging of Convicts
  • U.K. Grants Gene Editing Licence
  • Genetically Modified Mosquito
  • Designer Babies’ OR Three Parents Babies
  • U.K. Grants Gene Editing Licence
  • National Biotechnology Development Strategy 2015-2020
  1. Space
  • Types of orbits
  • Launch Vehicle
  • Satellite communication in India
  • INSAT Satellite application
  • Remote sensing applications
  • Cryogenic rockets
  • Global Positioning System
  • Galileo
  • GLONASS
  • IRNSS
  • GAGAN
  • Chandrayaan – I & II
  • Mars Orbiter Mission
  • Space Organisations
  • Space race/Space junk
  • Recent updates
  • South Asia Satellite: Significance
  • Neutrino Observatory
  • Solar Mission- ADITYA
  • Gravitational Waves
  • FAST (Five-hundred-meter Aperture Spherical radio Telescope)
  • Spitzer Space Telescope
  • Giant Metrewave Radio Telescope
  • Chandra X-ray Observatory
  • James Webb Space Telescope
  • ARIES/Devasthal Telescope
  • Multi Application Solar Telescope
  • Thirty Metre Telescope
  • Resourcesat- 2A
  • ASTROSAT
  • Sunspot
  • Magnetars
  • Neutron stars
  • Air-breathing propulsion system
  • Space Junk
  • Graveyard Orbit
  • India, NASA join hands for
  • Astrobiology Mission
  • Neutrino Observatory
  • Indian Space Vision-2025
  1. Defence
  • Missile system and classification
  • On the basis of type
  • On the basis of launch vehicle
  • On the basis of Range
  • On the basis of propulsion system
  • India’s Missile System
    • Agni
    • Prithvi
    • Trishul
    • Nag
    • Dhanush
    • Astra
    • Prahaar
  • BrahMos Missile System
  • Indian Submarines and Naval Ships
  • Light Combat Aircraft
  • Unmanned Aerial Vehicle
  • Stealth technology
  • Chemical Weapon
  • Biological Weapon
  1. NUCLEAR ENERGY
  • Types of nuclear reactions
  • Nuclear Power Reactor
  • N-Power Policy of India
  • Advantages of Nuclear Energy
  • Disadvantages of Nuclear Energy
  • Non-energy applications of Nuclear energy
  • Impact of Radiation
  • Issue of Radioactive Waste
  • Institutions involved in Nuclear energy Development, AERB
  • Safety standards in Nuclear Power plants
  • Nuclear & Radiological Disasters
  1. IT, Electronics & Telecom
  • Computers
  • Generation of computers
  • Computer terminologies
  • Supercomputer and its applications
  • Information technology
  • Components of IT
  • IT enabled services
  • Application of IT
  • Display technologies
  • Cathode ray
  • LCD
  • LED
  • Plasma Monitors
  • OLED
  • Telecommunications
  • Mobile generations
  • Smartphone
  • Important concepts
  • Government initiatives
  • Digital India Initiative
  • MeghRaj
  • Code Free for India
  • E-Kranti
  • Bharat Net project
  • Bharat QR
  • Contemporary debates
  • Net Neutrality
  • Internet of Things
  • Big Data Initiative and Privacy
  • Cyber crime and security
  1. RECENT DEVELOPMENTS IN IT & TELECOM
  • Cyber Swachhta Kendra
  • BharatQR
  • Digital Transaction Methodologies
  • Smart Credit Cards
  • Bharat Net Project
  • Wi-fi Technology
  • BlockChain Technology and Bitcoins
  • Digital Terrestrial Television
  • Transmission System
  • Disaster Management Network
  • Param Ishan
  • Internet of Things
  1. Nano-Science & Nano Technologies
  • What is Nanoscience and Nanotechnology?
  • Origination of Nanoscience and Technology
  • Basics of Nanoscience
  • Nanomaterials
  • Applications of nanotechnology
  • Nano medicine
  • Semiconductors and computing
  • Food
  • Textiles
  • Sustainable energy
  • Environment
  • Transport
  • Space
  • Agriculture
  • Adverse Health and Environmental
  • Impacts of Nanotechnology
  • Social and Ethical Impacts:
  • Nano-science and nano-technology in India
  1. Robotics
  • What is Robotics?
  • Machine vs Computer vs Robots
  • Parts of a Robot
  • Controller
  • Manipulator
  • End Effector
  • Sensor
  • Classification of Robots
  • Rolling Robots
  • Walking Robots
  • Autonomous Robots
  • Artificial Intelligence
  • Applications of Robotics
  • Industrial Sector
  • Aerospace
  • Healthcare Delivery
  • Outer Space
  • Exploration
  • Military Robots
  • Disaster Areas
  • Entertainment
  • Agriculture
  • Domestic work

 

Environment & Ecology

ECOLOGY & BIODIVERSITY

  1. Types of Ecology
  • Ecological Hierarchy
  • Scope of Ecology
  • Habitat & Ecological Niche
  • Deep vs Shallow Ecology
  • Ecological Principles
  • Ecological Community
    • Structure and Characteristics of a Community
    • Stratification
    • Ecotones
    • Ecological Dominance
    • Seasonal and Diurnal Fluctuation
    • Periodicity
    • Turnover
    • Interdependence
  • Ecological Succession
    • Types and Process of Succession
    • Climax Community
  • Range of Tolerance , Maximum Range
  • Difference between Ecology ,
  • Environment and Ecosystem
  1. Ecosystem and its dynamics
  • Ecosystem Definitions
  • Functions and Properties of Ecosystem
  • The Structure/Components of Ecosystem
    • Abiotic Components
    • Biotic Components
  • Ecosystem Dynamics
    • Flow of Energy in Ecosystem
    • Trophic Levels
    • Food Chain
    • Types & Significance of Food Chain
    • Food Web
    • Models for Energy Flow
    • Ecological Productivity
    • Ecological Pyramid
  • Biomagnifications
  • Biological Control
  • Organic Farming
  1. Biogeochemical Cycles
  • Parts of a Bio Geochemical Cycle
  • Types of Biogeochemical Cycle
    • Carbon Cycle
    • Nitrogen Cycle
    • Phosphorus Cycle
    • Sulphur Cycle
  1. Biomes: Forest, Grassland, Mountain, and Desert Ecosystems
  • Biome
  • Grasslands
  • Tundra
  • Deserts
  • Thar desert
  • Mountain biome
  1. Aquatic Life Zones: Ocean, Rivers, Lakes, and Wetlands
  • Aquatic ecosystems
  • Basic facts about the ocean
  • Importance of the ocean
  • Zones of the ocean
    • Marine life
  • Coral reefs
  • Coral reefs in India
  • Conserving coral reefs
  • Mangroves
  • Mangroves in India
  • Freshwater in India
  • Importance of lakes
  • National Lake Conservation Plan
  • Wetlands and their importance
  • Ramsar Convention
  • Ramsar Sites
  • Montreux Record
  • Extent and distribution of wetlands in India
  • Conserving the wetlands of India
  1. Biodiversity Basics
  • Biodiversity
  • Important kinds of biodiversity
  • Degree of diversity in an ecosystem
    • Endemic species
  • Keystone species
  • Indicator species
  • Invasive species
  • Allopatric and sympatric speciation
  • Bioinformatics
    • Biodiversity distribution
  • Megadivers Countries
  • Uses and values of biodiversity
  • State of global biodiversity
  • Threats to biodiversity
  • Biodiversity Hotspots
  • Eco-regions
  • Role of traditional knowledge in biodiversity
  • Biopiracy
  • Extinction of species
  • Mass extinction
  • IUCN’s classification scheme
  • IUCN Red-List of Threatened Species
  • Level of biodiversity in India
  • Biogeographic classification of India
  1. Biodiversity Conservation
  • Ex-situ aid in-situ conservation
  • Seed banks
  • Zoos in biodiversity conservation
  • Botanical gardens
  • Protected areas
  • State of protected areas in the world
  • UNESCO Man and the Biosphere Program (MAB)
  • Characteristics of biosphere reserves
    • International agreements for biodiversity conservation
  • Convention on Biological Diversity
  • Cartagena Protocol
  • Nagoya Protocol
  • Aichi Biodiversity Targets
    • Important Coastal and Marine Biodiversity Areas of India
  • Important Bird Areas (IBAs) of India
  • Global Tiger Initiative
  • Project Tiger
  • Project Elephant
  • Indian Rhino Vision
  • Recovery Programme for Critically Endangered Species
    • Use of indigenous knowledge for conserving biodiversity
    • Seed village
  1. Effect of Human Activities on Environment
  • Effect of Modern Agriculture on Environment
  • Effect of Housing on Environment
  • Effect of Power Generation on Environment
  • Effect of River Valley Projects

(Water Resource Projects) on Environment

  • Effect of Mining on Environment
  • Effect of Transportation Activities on Environment
  • Effect of Tourism on Environment
  1. Water Resource degradation
  • Water Cycle (Hydrological Cycle)
  • Availability and Quality Aspects (groundwater depletion)
  • Water-borne and Water-induced Diseases
  • Fluoride Problem in Drinking Water
  • Arsenic Problem in Drinking Water
  1. Minerals & Environmental Degradation
  • Mining and Environment
  • Sensitivity of Select Ecosystems to Mining
  • Impact of Mining
  • Indirect Impact of Mining
  • International Laws on Mining
  • Main Act or Statute to regulate the impact of Indian Mining Sector
  • Sustainable Mining
  1. Deforestation
  • Causes of Deforestation
  • Implications of Deforestation for Climate Change
  • Consequences of Deforestation on the Wildlife of India
  • Impact of Deforestation on Indian Monsoon
  • Impact of Deforestation on People
  • Deforestation Leads to Water and Soil Resources Loss and Flooding
  • Economical Impacts
  • Strategies for Reducing Deforestation
  • Government Programmes for Conservation of Forests
  • Legislations for Conservation of Forests using People Participation
  • Steps for Improving People Participation in Forest Resource Management
  • Use of Local Traditional Methods
  1. Waste Management
  • Solid Waste
  • Hazardous Waste
  • E-Waste
  • Bio Medical Waste
  • Plastic Waste
  • Methods for Waste Management
  • Effects of Poor Waste Disposal
  • Landfill
  1. Sustainable Development
  • Principles of sustainability
  • Measurement of Sustainability or Sustainable Ethics or Equitable Utilisation of Natural Resource
  • Sustainable Lifestyle (Role of an individual in sustainable, development)
  • Challenges to Sustainable Development
  • International Efforts to Achieve Sustainability
  1. Environmental Pollution
  • Air Pollution
  • Sources of Air Pollution
  • Effects of Air Pollution
  • Classification of Air Pollutant
  • Control Measures of Air Pollution
  • Air Pollution Disasters
  • Long Range Transport of Gaseous Air Pollutants
  • National Ambient Air Quality Standards
  • Water Pollution
  • Sources of Water Pollution
  • Types of Water Pollutants
  • Effects of Water Pollution
  • Water Quality Standards
  • Control of Water Pollution
  • Thermal Pollution
  • Sources of Thermal Pollution
  • Effects of Thermal Pollution
  • Control of Thermal Pollution
  • Soil Pollution or Land Degradation
  • Sources of Soil Pollution
  • Effects of Soil Pollution
  • Control Measures
  • Noise Pollution
  • Air-borne Diseases
  • Toxic Substances: Toxicant, Toxicity and Toxicology
  • Factors affecting toxicity
  • Carcinogens
  1. Solid Waste Management
  • Sources of Solid Waste
  • Effect of Solid Waste
  • Control Measures of Solid Waste
  • Solid Waste Management Rules
  • Hazardous Waste Management (HWM)
  1. Coastal Ecosystem Management
  • Mangroves
  • Salient features of Mangroves
  • Importance of Mangroves
  • Mangroves in India
  • Mangroves under threats
  • Legal and Regulatory Approaches for Protection
  • Estuaries
  • Importance of estuaries
  • Threats to estuaries
  • Coral Reefs
  • Geographical Conditions Required
  • Uses of coral reefs
  • Conservation of coral reef
  • Steps for Coastal Ecosystem Management
  1. Recent developments
  • Air Pollution
  • Report on Air Pollution
  • Bharat Stage Emission Standards
  • Polluters Pay Model
  • Household Air Pollution
  • Open Waste Burning and its Impact
  • Graded Response Action Plan on Pollution
  • UN Sets Limits on Global Airline Emissions
  • Waste Management
  • Biodegradable Plastics
  • Green Train Corridors
  • Oil Spill
  • Solid Waste Management-Buffer Zone
  • Other News
  • Report of Parliamentary Committee on Forest Fires
  • Urban Forestry Scheme
  • Draft Notification to Regulate Pet Shops
  • Ban on Import of Animal Skin
  • River linking Project and Impact on
  • Environment
  • Algal Bloom Issue
  • Illegal Salt Mining and its Impact
  • India’s Wetland Report, 2016
  • Deep Sea Mining
  • Mass Coral Bleaching
  • Ganga River Pollution
  1. Environmental Impact Assessment
  • Government Body which Executes EIA
  • Environmental Effects Analysed under EIA
  • Process of EIA
  • EIA Ruling 1984
  1. Environmental Laws
  • Environmental Laws: Provisions in the Indian Constitution towards Environmental Protection
  • Salient Features of Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act,1981*
  • Salient Features of Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1974
  • Salient features of Forest Conservation Act, I980
  • Salient Features of Wildlife Protection Act,1972
  • Salient Features of Environment (Protection) Act,1986
  • Role of Government in Environmental Protection
  1. Environment related Institutions and Organizations
  • Pollution Control Boards
  • National Green Tribunal
  • Forest Survey of India
  • National Board for Wildlife
  1. Schemes
  • Ecomark Scheme
  • National Afforestation Program
  • National River Conservation Plan
  • National Mission for Clean Ganga
  • National Air Quality Index (AQI)
  • National Action
  • Programme to Combat Desertification
  • UJALA Scheme
  • Bharat Stage Norms
  1. International Environmental Governance
  • UNEP
  • UNDP
  • Centre for Biological Diversity
  • WWF for Nature
  • IUCN - Red List
  • Birdlife International
  • International Conventions/Protocols & their Objectives
  1. Basics of Climate change
  • GreenHouse Effect and Global Warming
  • Global Climate Change: International Efforts to Control Global Warming or Global Climate Change
  • Ozone Layer Depletion/Ozone Hole
  • Acid Rain
  • El Nino
  • La Nina
  1. Urbanization and climate
  • Pollution in metros and climate change
  • Real estate boom and environment degradation
  • Urban Heat Island
  • Polythene bags and pollution
  • Methane generation from waste
  1. Impact of agriculture on climate
  • Agriculture increases Carbon Dioxide Emissions
  • Monoculture practice impacts biodiversity
  • Pollution due to use of chemical fertilizers
  • Soil-related effects
  • Fertilizers’ Effect on the Environment
  • Impact of livestock on environment
  • Impact of use of Pesticides on environment
  • Impact of GM crop on environment
  • Emission of Methane from agricultural practices
  • Sustainable Agriculture Techniques
  1. Global Warming & Health
  • Health impacts of global warming
  • Mosquito-borne diseases
  • Ozone depletion and human health
  1. Recent developments
  • Carbon Neutrality Concept
  • Climate Change Indicators: WMO report
  • IPCC 5th Assessment Report
  • Paris Agreement
  • Marrakech Climate Change Conference
  • International Solar Alliance (ISA)
  • Kyoto Protocol (2nd Commitment 2013-20)
  • Kigali Agreement
  • Climate Change Performance Index

RECENT DEVELOPMENTS

  1. Wildlife
  • Man-Animal Conflicts in India
  • Poaching activities in India
  • Controlling wildlife crimes using sniffer dogs
  • Draft on animal cruelty
  • Formation of Tiger Reserves: Critical Analysis
  • International treaties for wildlife conservation
  • Use of drones for wildlife conservation
  1. Combating Pollution
  • Indoor Air Pollution and its impact
  • Impact of Particulate Matter
  • Smog and its impact
  • Plastic Pollution
  • Light Pollution
  • Oil Spill
  • Solid Waste Management
  • E-waste Management Rules 2016
  • Groundwater contamination
  • Bharat Stage Norm
  • What is the Polluters Pay Model?
  1. Climate Change
  • Paris Agreement
  • Marrakech Climate Change Conference
  • Kigali Agreement
  • Kyoto Protocol (2nd Commitment)
  • International Solar Alliance
  • Programmes and Policies Initiated for Mitigating Climate Change
  • International Collaboration for Mitigating Climate Change
  • Carbon Neutrality Concept
  • Concept of Green Bond
  • Green Climate Fund
  • Carbon Tax Feasibility in India
  • Concept of Green Building
  • Climate Change and Cities
  • Ethical issue involved in climate change
  • Climate change and its impact on Health
  1. Renewable Energy
  • National Solar Mission
  • Status of Hydro Power energy in India
  • Status of Wind Energy in India
  • Green Transportation
  1. Initiatives for Environmental Conservation
  • Ganga River Pollution
  • Compensatory Afforestation Fund Act
  • Draft National Wildlife Action Plan
  • Draft Wetland Management Rules
  • Initiatives to enhance green cover
  • Policy on Promotion of City Compost
  • Living status to Rivers
  • National Hydrology Project
  1. Environmental Institutions
  • Pollution Control Board: Analysis
  • National Green Tribunal: Analysis
  • Forest Survey of India
  • Genetic Engineering Appraisal Committee
  • Traditional Knowledge Digital Library
  • T S R Subramanian Panel Report
  1. Miscellaneous Issues
  • Algal bloom Issue
  • Melting of Antarctica and its impact
  • River linking project and its impact
  • Public participation for environmental conservation

 

Internal Security

  1. Internal Security Challenges
  • Internal Security Challenges
  • Social Diversity as Issues of Security Threat
  • Challenges from within
  • Neighbours as Issue of Security Threat
  • Non-State Actors as Issue of Security Threat
  • Global Indices and Measurement of Vulnerability of a State Towards such Non-State Actors
  • Law and Order vs. Internal Security
  1. Terrorism Threat to India
  • Terrorism Threat to India
  • Changing face of Terrorism
  • Terror Threats Faced by India
  • Broader Framework to Deal with Terrorism
  • Drawbacks in Intelligence Infrastructure
  1. Organized Crime
  • Types of Organized Crime
  • Problems in controlling organized crimes
  • Combating organized crimes
  • Linkage of Terrorism and Organized Crime in India
  1. Linkage between Development and Spread of Extremism
  • Stated Purpose of the Naxal Movement
  • Why did naxalism get huge support from the common man?
  • Why is naxalism the biggest threat to internal security?
  1. Insurgency in North-East
  • Issues & Conflicts
  • Assam Insurgency
  1. Security Challenges in Border Areas
  • Challenges to Border Management
  • Issues Faced in Border Management
  • Community Participation for Border Management
  1. Basics of Cyber Security
  • Types of Cyber Crimes
  • Impact and Steps needed
  • Recent Incident: Ransomware
  • The National Cyber Security Policy of India 2013
  1. Cyber Warfare
  • Factors Contributing/Aggravating Rise of Cyber Attack
  • Recent Initiatives for Tackling Cyber Warfare
  1. Social Media and Internal Security Threat
  • Regulation of Social Media in India for Internal Security
  • Challenges in Monitoring Social Media
  • Steps Needed
  1. Money Laundering
  • Meaning of Money Laundering
  • Harmful Effects of Money Laundering
  • Steps taken by the Government
  1. Black Money in India
  • Parallel Economy in India
  • What are the various measures taken by the Government to curb Black Money?
  • Impact of demonetisation on black money
  • Criticisms
  1. Police Reforms in India
  • The Organisational Structure
  • Duties and Responsibilities of the Police
  • Centre’s Role in Policing
  • Traditional Security Challenges
  • Non-Traditional Security Challenges (NTS)
  • Recommendations for Police Reforms
  • Police we Want in 21st Century
  1. Various Security Forces and their Mandate
  • Assam Rifles
  • Border Security Force (BSF)
  • Indo-Tibetan Border Police
  • Central Industrial Security Force (CISF)
  • Central Reserve Police Force
  • National Security Guard
  • Issues with Paramilitary Forces

 

Ethics, Integrity & Aptitude

  1. Ethics Basic Introduction
  • Dimensions of Ethics
  • Essence of Ethics
  • Approaches of Ethical Study as Indian Perspective and Western Perspective
  • Basic concept of ethics morality and value
  • Ethics in public life
  • Ethics in Economic Life
  • Freedom and Discipline
  • Duties and Rights
  • Virtue Ethics
  • Consequences of Ethics in Human Actions
  • Values and Ethics in Government:
    • Legislature, Executive and judiciary
  • Contribution of Family in Value Education
  • Contribution of Society in Inculcating Values
  • Role of Educational Institutions in Inculcating Values
  1. Human Values
  • Human value & Socialization
  • Individual Personality and Value
  • Values and Skill
  • Fundamental and Instrumental Values
  • Democratic values
  • Role of ethical value in governance and society
  • Significance of value in civil services
  • Aesthetic values
  • Values in work life and professional ethics
  1. Aptitude and foundational values of civil services
  • Essential Aptitude for civil servants
  • Foundational Values of Civil Services
  • Neutrality
  • Anonymity
  • Civil Services Accountability
  • Integrity
  • Humility
  • Adaptability
  • Magnanimity
  • Perseverance
  • Impartiality and Non-Partisanship
  • Tolerance and compassion for the weaker section
  • Contribution to society
  1. India & World Thinkers
  • Indian Thinkers
    • Mahatma Gandhi
    • Dr. S. Radhakrishnan
    • Rabindranath Tagore
    • Swami Dayanand Saraswati
    • Mahadeva Govinda Ranade
    • Sri Aurobindo
    • Swami Vivekananda
    • Sardar Patel
    • Buddha Bhim Rao Ambedkar
    • Raja Ram Mohan Roy
    • Chhatrapati Shahu Maharaj
    • Mother Teresa
    • Amitabha Chowdhury
    • Aruna Roy
    • T. N. Seshan
    • E. Sreedharan
  • Administrative Thinkers
    • Max Weber
    • Elton Mayo
    • Peter Drucker
    • Chestar Barnard
    • Mary Parker Follet
  • World Thinkers
    • Plato
    • Aristotle
    • Socrates
    • Jeremy Bentham
    • JS Mill
    • Thomas Hobbes
    • John Locke
    • Jean Jacques Rousseau
    • John Rawls
    • Immanuel Kant
    • Carol Gilligan
    • Jean Paul Sartre
    • Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel
    • Confucius
    • René Descartes
    • Karl Marx
    • Adam Smith
    • Thomas Aquinas
    • David Hume
    • Democritus
    • Galileo
    • Friedrich Nietzsche
    • Montesquieu
    • Voltaire
    • Thomas Jefferson
  • Indian & World Leaders
    • Benjamin Franklin
    • Martin Luther King
    • Dalai Lama
    • Nelson Mandela
    • Mahatma Gandhi
    • Siddhartha Gautama
    • Aung San Suu Kyi
    • Swami Vivekanand
    • Albert Einstein
    • Abraham Lincoln
    • Mother Teresa
    • J L Nehru
    • Lee Kuan Yew
    • Henry Ford
    • Abdul Kalam
    • Muhammad Yunus
    • Wangari Maathai
    • Kofi Annan
    • Lech Walesa
    • Desmond Tutu
    • Isaac Newton
    • Elie Wiesel
    • King Ashoka
    • Sun Yat Sen
  1. Attitude
  • Components of Attitude
    • Affective component
    • Cognitive component
    • Behavioral component
  • Functions of Attitude
    • Adjustive Function
    • Ego-Defensive Function
    • Value-Expressive Function
    • Knowledge Function
    • Attitude Formation Model
    • Impact of Beliefs and Values
    • Group Influences
    • Social Influence
    • Persuasion Tactics
    • Tools of Persuasion
    • Moral Attitude formation
    • Political Attitude formation
  1. Emotional Intelligence
  • Theories Associated with Emotional Intelligence
  • Can Emotional Intelligence be Developed?
  • Components of Emotional Competencies
    • The Self-Awareness Cluster: Understanding Feelings and Accurate Self-Assessment
    • The Self-Management Cluster: Managing Internal States, Impulses, and Resources
    • The Social Awareness Cluster: Reading People and Groups Accurately
    • The Relationship Management Cluster: Inducing Desirable Responses in Others
  • Importance of Emotional Intelligence at Workplace
  • Importance of Emotional Intelligence in Civil Services
  1. Values & Ethics in Public Administration
  • Ethical Concerns in Public Institution
  • Ethical Concerns in Private Institutions
  • Ethical Dilemmas in Public and Private Institutions
  • Laws, Rules and Regulations as Source of Ethical Guidance
  • Accountability and Ethical Governance
  • Strengthening of Ethical and Moral Values in Governance
  • Moral Judgments in International Relations
  • Ethical Relation in Funding
  • International Relations and concept of Moral Responsibility
  • Ethics in working of international organizations
  • What is Corporate Governance?
  • Models of Corporate Social Responsibility
  • Steps taken by World Bank for Good Corporate Governance
  • Norms for Corporate Government in India
  • Concept of business ethics
  1. Probity in Governance
  • Concept of Public Service
  • Philosophical basis of Governance and Probity
  • Information Sharing, Transparency and Right to Information
  • Flaws in RTI and recommendations for improvement
  • Importance of vigilant citizens
  • Information sharing and participation
  • Importance of Code of ethics
  • Code of Ethics in Professions
  • Code of Conduct for Ministers; for Legislators; for Civil Servants; for Regulators and for the Judiciary
  • Components of a Citizen Charter
  • Steps in formulation of a Citizen’s Charter
  • Concept of Work Culture
  • The Indian Approach to Work
  • Methods of improving Work Culture
  • Quality of Service Delivery
  • Utilisation of Public Funds
  • Problems in Fund Release and Utilization
  • Parliamentary Control on Expenditure
  • Corruption in India: extent, dimension, and response
  • Corruption as a social evil
  • Probity in public life Corrupt practice among civil servants and official misconduct
  • Exposing corruption: Civil Society initiatives and role of Whistleblower Act
  • Tackling corruption: Role of government and institutions of governance
  • Controlling corruption: Various approaches and efficacy

Applied Ethics

  1. Euthanasia Issue
  • Social and ethical angle
  • Different arguments related to Euthanasia
  • Conclusion
  1. Surrogacy
  • Case study
  • Issues
  • Ethical Issues
  • Concept of ethical surrogacy
  • Conclusion
  1. Ethics & Sports
  • Importance of sports
  • Ethical Issue: Need for sportsmanship
  • Ethical Issue: Doping
  • Ethical Issue: Discrimination and Sexual Harassment
  • Ethical Issue: Sports as a Business
  • Steps needed
  1. Media Ethics
  • Role of Media
  • Ethical Issues faced by Reporters
  • Trial by Media
  • Media Prejudice
  • Ethical Dilemma faced by Photojournalists
  • Digital Media Ethics
  • Paid News
  1. Business Ethics
  • Principles of Business Ethics
  • Dimensions related to Business Ethics in Organisation
  • Business Ethics and Corporate Governance
  • Journey from Philanthropy to Corporate Social Responsibility
  • Issues related to Corporate Social Responsibility
  • Issues in implementation of Business Ethics
  1. Ethics Related to Economic Sanctions
  • Why are Economic Sanctions placed?
  • Ethics in Economic Sanctions
  • Conclusion
  1. Refugees & Ethics
  • Why Migration occur?
  • Case study of Syria
  • Dilemmas related to Refugee crisis
  • Steps needed
  1. Ethical Dilemmas of Globalization
  • What is Globalisation
  • Free trade in Globalised world
  • Issues with Newly developed trade patterns
  • Criticism against global regime
  • Way forward
  1. Ethics of War
  • Ethics and War theories
  • Evils of war
  1. Environmental Ethics
  • Linkage between Ethics and Environment
  • Theories related to Environmental ethics
  • Role of individual
  1. Ethical Issues in Biotechnology
  • Issues related to Stem Cell
  • Issues related to cloning
  • Issues related to designer babies
  1. Animal Ethics
  • Introduction
  • Issues of conducting research on animals
  • Issue of keeping animals as pets
  • Issue of Cruelty against animals
  • Conclusion
  1. Food Adulteration and Ethics
  • Ethical dimension
  • Ethical issue related to food additive

14. Abortion: Ethical or Unethical

  • Law of abortion in India
  • Recent Supreme Court verdict
  • Ethical Issue: Health of Women vs. fetus
  • Justifi cation for abortion
  • Argument against abortion
  • Abortion and women rights
  • Abortion and father rights

15. Honour Killing

  • Honour killing is unethical
  • Role of khap panchayat

16. Marital Rape

  • Why Marital Rape should and should not be criminalized?
  • What are the hurdles?

17. Ethical Issue Involved in Child

  • Labour
  • Rights of children
  • Child labour and company
  • Solution
  • Role of consumer

18. Ethical Issue Involved in Treating Juvenile as Adult

  • Juvenile justice system
  • Negative implications

19. Ethics and Old Age

  • Ethical issues
  • Issues faced
  • Importance of autonomy
  1. Ethics in Public and Private Relationships
  • Ethical values in Private relationships
  • Ethical principles in Public relationships
  • Linkage between Private relationships and Public relationships