Context: The Union government recently launched the Green-Ag Project in Mizoram, to reduce emissions from agriculture and ensure sustainable agricultural practices.

About the project: 

  1. Objectives: 
    1. Environmental benefits: The project is designed to achieve multiple global environmental benefits in at least 1.8 million hectares (ha) of land in five landscapes, with mixed land use systems. 
    2. Sustainable resource management: It aims to bring at least 104,070 ha of farms under sustainable land and water management.
    3. Carbon sequestration: The project will also ensure 49 million Carbon dioxide equivalent (CO2eq) sequestered or reduced through sustainable land use and agricultural practices.
  2. Beneficiary states: Mizoram is one of the five states where the project will be implemented along with  Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Odisha and Uttarakhand.The pilot project is supposed to end on March 31, 2026, in all states.
    1. Unique site selection in Mizoram: 
      1. The project covers two districts of Mizoram, which includes two protected areas - the Dampa Tiger Reserve and the Thorangtlang Wildlife Sanctuary.
      2. The landscape has revenue villages and community land in close conjunction with national parks and protected areas. 
  3. Funding: The Green-Ag Project is funded by the Global Environment Facility. 
  4. National executing agency: Department of Agriculture, Cooperation, and Farmers’ Welfare (DAC&FW), Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare, Government of India. 
  5. Other key players involved in its implementation: Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) and the Union Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change (MoEF&CC).

Significance of the project: 

  • Helps in producing niche products and exporting them: 
    • Sustainable agriculture as the main component of the project could produce niche products like passion fruits and provide them to the domestic and markets abroad.
    • Mizoram has unique advantages in terms of agro-climatic conditions, water availability and a hard-working population.

Helps local people take advantage of the rich agro-biodiversity:  Present in their landscape for sustainability of agriculture and livestock production practices, promotion of secondary agriculture, establishment of green value chains and thereby enhancing their incomes. 

Image Source: DTE