The government launched a road accident database management system that will help in analyzing the causes of road crashes and in devising safety interventions to reduce such accidents in the country.
- The IT tool, known as the Integrated Road Accident Database (IRAD), has been developed by the Indian Institute of Technology-Madras (IIT-M) and will be implemented by the National Informatics Centre.
- The project costs ₹258 crore and is being supported by the World Bank.
How it works
- Around 30,000 tablets would be distributed to police personnel across the country to record data on accidents
- The IRAD mobile application will enable police personnel to enter details about a road accident, along with photos and videos.
- A unique ID will be created for the incident.
- An engineer from the Public Works Department or the local body will receive an alert on his mobile device.
- He or she will then visit the accident site, examine it, and feed the required details, such as the road design.
- Data thus collected will be analyzed by a team at IIT-M, which will then suggest if corrective measures in road design need to be taken.
- The IRAD will be improved on the basis of the learning from the trial, following which it will be rolled out across the country.
Facts and data-
- India sees the largest number of road fatalities in the world.
- More than 1.5 lakh people lost their lives in road crashes in the country in 2018, according to government data.
- Of the total people killed in road crashes in 2018, 48% were between 18 years and 35 years old, and more than 60% of such fatalities were due to overspeeding.
- The system will be first piloted in the six states with the highest fatalities from road crashes — Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, and Uttar Pradesh.
National Informatics Centre (NIC)
- It is an attached office under the Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology (MeitY), Government of India.
- NIC provides the infrastructure to help support the delivery of Government IT services and delivery of some of the initiatives of Digital India.
- NIC’s ICT Network, “NICNET”, facilitates the institutional linkages with the Ministries/Departments of the Central Government, State Governments and District administrations of India.
- NIC is noted for being the primary constructor of e-Government applications.
- NIC maintains the India.gov.in.
- The portal contains the Constitution of India and claims to have a design objective to a single point to access the information and services of the Government of India.