The Ministry of Environment, Forest, and Climate Change has asked for city level plans for the National Clean Air Programme (NCAP).
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- The Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB) have found that 342 out of 700 industries inspected have violated environmental norms and causing pollution in the last four years.
- Every city has different pollutants and the sources also vary.
- Water bodies in the country are polluted because 70% of sewage goes untreated.
- For example in the case of Ganga, it was untreated sewage that was a major source of pollution.
- In the past the Common Effluent Treatment Plant (CETP) was built and operated by different entities which created problems.
National clean Air Programme
The NCAP is a programme of the Union Environment Ministry to reduce pollution by at least 20% in 102 cities(2017 level).
- The tentative national level target of 20%–30% reduction of PM2.5 and PM10 concentration by 2024 is proposed under the NCAP taking 2017 as the base year for the comparison of concentration.
- To augment and evolve effective and proficient ambient air quality monitoring network across the country for ensuring comprehensive and reliable database
- To have efficient data dissemination and public outreach mechanism for timely measures for prevention and mitigation of air pollution and for inclusive public participation in both planning and implementation of the programmes and policies of government on air pollution
- To have feasible management plan for prevention, control and abatement of air pollution.
- Collaborative, Multi-scale and Cross-Sectoral Coordination between relevant Central Ministries, State Government and local bodies.
- Focus on no Regret Measures, Participatory and Disciplined approach.
- It has been proposed that those building and operating the sewage treatment should be the same.
- They will operate the plant for 10 years.
- It also called for these problems to be dealt with at the local level.
CPCB-Central Pollution Control Board
The Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB) of India is a statutory organisation under the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change.
- It was established in 1974 under the Water (Prevention and Control of pollution) Act, 1974.
- The CPCB is also entrusted with the powers and functions under the Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1981
- CPCB plays role in abatement and control of pollution in the country by generating relevant data, providing scientific information, rendering technical inputs for formation of national policies and programs, training and development of manpower and organising activities for promoting awareness at different levels of the Government and public
Image Source: Times of India