Context : Goa, which was a part of the Union Territory of Goa, Daman and Diu, was accorded statehood on this day in 1987.

“Goa's Rich E clectic Culture Matter Of Pride For All Indians”

  • The President Ram Nath Kovind

History :

  • As India got independence on 15 August 1947, it asked the Portuguese to cede their territories. However, the Portuguese refused.
  • In December 1961, the Indian Government carried out Operation Vijay and annexed Daman and Diu islands and Goa with the Indian mainland after non-stop armed strikes, by both aerial and naval forces, for over 36 hours until the Portuguese surrendered. 
  • It can be mentioned that the Portuguese have been the first Europeans to come to India (1498) and have been also the last to depart from this land (1961).
  •  In 1967, a referendum referred to as the ‘Goa Opinion Poll’ was held, wherein citizens have been requested to determine whether the Union Territory should be merged with Maharashtra or should continue to be separate. 
  • The mandate resulted in the merger so on May 30 1987, Goa achieved statehood, and Daman and Diu became a separate Union Territory.

Goa’s Enrichment:

  • Geography: 
  1.  The highest point of Goa is Sonsogor. 
  2. Goa's seven predominant rivers are the Zuari, Mandovi, Terekhol, Chapora, Galgibag, Kumbarjua canal, Talpona and the Sal. 
  3. Most of Goa's soil cowl is made from laterites. 
  • Forests
  1. The state has a complete forest area of more than 1,424 sq. km overlaying nearly one-third of the entire area.
  2. Forests offer crucial products, specifically bamboo, Maratha barks, chillar barks and bhirand, which can be of super financial value for rural masses. 
  3.  Coconut trees are found in nearly the entire Goa except inside upper regions. 
  4. Goa’s vegetation also consists of cashew, mango, jackfruits and pineapples. 
  • Minerals 
  1. Goa is wealthy in mineral resources. 
  2. Major minerals consist of iron ore, manganese, Ferro-manganese, bauxite and silica sand. 
  3. Iron and manganese mining industries are the spine of Goa’s economy. 
  • Wildlife Sanctuaries and National Park
  1. Dr. Salim Ali Bird Sanctuary
  2. Mhadei Wildlife Sanctuary
  3. Netravali Wildlife Sanctuary 
  4. Cotigao Wildlife Sanctuary 
  5. Bhagwan Mahaveer Sanctuary 
  6. Mollem National Park

Conclusion :

  1. Goa is the smallest state in India but when it comes to tourism and Fishing, Goa is playing a major role in our Economy.
  2. The Government of India in Collaboration with The state Government of Goa is working on projects like SAWANT 2.0 to make Goa the tourism capital of India.