Global Problem, Local Solutions

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By moderator July 10, 2019 14:26

Soumya Sarkar, Managing Editor of IndiaClimateDialogue.net, takes about the importance of local communities to solve the global problem of biodiversity loss.

Important Analysis

  •   The first global assessment of biodiversity by a UN-backed panel, which released its report in May, held humans squarely responsible for the looming mass extinction of species

o   A loss in biodiversity simply means that plants and animals are more vulnerable to pests and diseases, and it puts food security and nutrition at risk, the FAO said.

  •   Although biodiversity loss is a global problem, it can be countered only with local solutions.

o   Across India, there are scores of indigenous people who have managed to lead meaningful lives without wanton destruction of natural ecosystems.

  • The Dongria Kondh tribe of Niyamgiri Hills are among the best conservationists in the world.
  • Known for the spirited defense of their forested habitat against short-sighted industrialization, they have through millennia evolved a lifestyle that is in perfect harmony with nature.
  •   Nothing can be achieved without the active participation of communities that live close to nature — farmers and forest dwellers.

o   It is now obvious that intensive agriculture, exploitative forestry, and overfishing are the main threats to biodiversity in India and the world.

o   In their prognosis, UN agencies are unanimous that the best way to correct the present course is to heed the accumulated wisdom of indigenous peoples, fishers, and farmers.

  •       There’s no one-size-fits-all approach

o   A solution that has succeeded in a temperate, wealthy nation may not be suitable for a country like India.

o   The natural farming movement in Andhra Pradesh may not be suitable for, say, Punjab. Fortunately, India’s farmers and tribes are nothing if not innovative and they do have local solutions 

India’s Case

  •   Our tropical homeland is rich in biodiversity, but the imperatives of relentless economic growth, urbanization, deforestation, and overpopulation place it at risk more than many other places.

o   Pressure from industrialization does not care too much about conservation and biodiversity.

  •   The situation with our forests is even drier.

o   Instead of evicting forest dwellers from their homes, we should be encouraging them to conserve and nurture their habitats.

  •   Intensive agriculture, exploitative forestry, and overfishing are the main threats to biodiversity in India and the world.

o   For solutions, one has to just look at the growing movement of zero-budget natural farming in Andhra Pradesh and Telangana, or the community-driven forest conservation initiatives in Odisha and the Northeast, to realize that there is hope for the natural ecosystem, if only we act on the advice of local communities.

Also read: India Slips 5 Places To 141 On Global Peace Index 2019

Global Gender Gap Report 2018 & Women Employment in India

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moderator
By moderator July 10, 2019 14:26