Global Hunger Index 2019

Global Hunger Index 2019

Updated on 16 October, 2019

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India ranked 102nd on the Global Hunger Index 2019, an index of 117 countries. 

  • It was the lowest-ranked among South Asian countries (the rest being ranked between 66 and 94) and way behind the other BRICS nations, the lowest of which was South Africa at 59.
Key Highlights of the Global Hunger Index (GHI)2019
  • India's score was 30.3, putting it in the serious hunger category. 
  • There were only four countries in the alarming hunger category and the Central African Republic in the extremely alarming hunger category. 
  • After steady improvement, India's rank slipped from 2015, when it was ranked 93. Even Pakistan, which used to be the only country in South Asia to rank below India, has pulled ahead in the 2019 ranking to 94th place.
  • India's child wasting rate is extremely high at 20.8% - the highest wasting rate of any country in this report.
  • The data shows that India's poor scores were pulling down South Asia to a point where it does worse than even sub-Saharan Africa.
  • The report said only 9.6% of children between 6-23 months in India were fed a minimum acceptable diet (a recent Union health ministry survey had, in fact, put that figure at an even lower 6.4%). 
  • The report pointed out that while there has been progressing since 2000, the world has a long way to go to achieve the 'zero hunger' target.
Climate change impact on Hunger:
  • The report warned that climate change was causing alarming levels of hunger and making it more difficult to feed people in the world's most vulnerable regions. 
  • Climate change was affecting the quality and safety of food and worsening the nutritional value of cultivated food, it stated.

Global Hunger Index

  • The Global Hunger Index (GHI) is a tool designed to comprehensively measure and track hunger at global, regional, and national levels.
  • GHI is released by the International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) based in Washington in association with Concern Worldwide of Ireland and Welthungerhilfe (German non-profit organization).
  • The GHI is designed to raise awareness and understanding of the struggle against hunger, provide a way to compare levels of hunger between countries and regions and call attention to those areas of the world where hunger levels are highest and where the need for additional efforts to eliminate hunger is greatest.
  • GHI is calculated each year to assess progress and setbacks in combating hunger. 
  • It scores on a 100-point GHI Severity Scale, where 0 is the best score (no hunger) and 100 is the chronic undernutrition. Values less than 10 reflect low hunger, values from 20 to 34.9 indicate serious hunger; values from 35 to 49.9 are alarming, and values of 50 or more are extremely alarming.
  • Indicators for Calculating GHI Score:
    • UNDERNOURISHMENT: the share of the population that is undernourished (caloric intake is insufficient);
    • CHILD WASTING: the share of children under the age of five who are wasted (low weight for their height, reflecting acute undernutrition);
    • CHILD STUNTING: the share of children under the age of five who are stunted (low height for their age, reflecting chronic undernutrition); and
    • CHILD MORTALITY: the mortality rate of children under the age of five (a reflection of the fatal mix of inadequate nutrition and unhealthy environments).
Source:https://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/india/india-falls-to-102-in-hunger-index-8-ranks-below-pakistan/articleshow/71606116.cms#targetText=India%20was%20ranked%20102nd%20on,was%20South%20Africa%20at%2059. Read More Articles: Some Highlights of School Education Quality Index (SEQI) Ending Malnourishment By Diversifying Food Consumption


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