Context:Chak-Hao, the black rice of Manipur and the Gorakhpur terracotta have recently bagged the Geographical Indication (GI) tag.
More about the news:
- The application for Chak-Hao for GI tag was filed by the Consortium of Producers of Chak-Hao (Black Rice), Manipur.
- In the case of Gorakhpur terracotta, the application for GI tag was filed by Laxmi Terracotta Murtikala Kendra in Uttar Pradesh.
- It is a scented glutinous rice which has been in cultivation in Manipur over centuries
- The rice is normally eaten during community feasts and is served as Chak-Hao kheer.
- Currently the traditional system of Chak-Hao cultivation is practised in some pockets of Manipur.
- Direct sowing of pre-soaked seeds and also transplantation of rice seedlings raised in nurseries in puddled fields are widely practised in Manipur's wetlands.
- It is characterised by its special aroma.
- It has also been used by traditional medical practitioners as part of traditional medicine.
- This rice takes the longest cooking time of 40-45 minutes due to the presence of a fibrous bran layer and higher crude fibre content.
About The terracotta work of Gorakhpur,U.P
- It is a centuries-old traditional art form, where the potters make various animal figures like, horses, elephants, camels, goats, ox, etc. with hand-applied ornamentation.
- There are more than 1,000 varieties of terracotta work designed by the local craftsmen.
- The craftsmen are majorly spread over the villages of Aurangabad, Bharwalia, Langadi Gularia, Budhadih, Amawa, Ekla etc. in Gorakhpur,Uttar Pradesh.
- The entire work is done with bare hands
- Artisans use natural colour, which stays fast for a long time.
Major Products of craftsmanship
- Hauda elephants, Mahawatdar horse, deer, camel, five-faced Ganesha, single-faced Ganesha, elephant table, chandeliers, hanging bells etc
About GI tag
- GI is primarily an agricultural, natural or a manufactured product (handicrafts and also industrial goods) originating from the definite geographical territory.
- Significance of a GI tag: It conveys an assurance of quality and distinctiveness, which is essentially attributable to the place of its origin.
- The security:
- Once the GI protection is granted , then no other producer can misuse the name to the market similar products.
- It also provides comfort to the customers about the authenticity of that product.
- Geographical Indications of Goods (Registration and Protection Act), 1999
- This Act is administered by the Controller General of Patents, Designs and TradeMarks, who is also Registrar of Geographical Indications.
- Other Provisions in this regard:
- It is covered as an element of intellectual property rights (IPRs) under the Paris Convention for Protection of Industrial Property.
- GI is governed by the WTO’s Agreement on the Trade-Related Aspects of an Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS).
- GI are covered under the Paris Convention for the Protection of Industrial Property as an element of IPRs.