Context:Chak-Hao, the black rice of Manipur and the Gorakhpur terracotta have recently bagged the Geographical Indication (GI) tag.

More about the news:

  • The application for Chak-Hao for GI tag was filed by the Consortium of Producers of Chak-Hao (Black Rice), Manipur.
  • In the case of Gorakhpur terracotta, the application for GI tag was filed by Laxmi Terracotta Murtikala Kendra in Uttar Pradesh.


About Chak-Hao,Manipur


  • It is a scented glutinous rice which has been in cultivation in Manipur over centuries
  • The rice is normally eaten during community feasts and is served as Chak-Hao kheer.


  • Currently the traditional system of Chak-Hao cultivation is practised in some pockets of Manipur. 
  • Direct sowing of pre-soaked seeds and also transplantation of rice seedlings raised in nurseries in puddled fields are widely practised in Manipur's wetlands.

Special Characteristics

  • It is characterised by its special aroma
  • It has also been used by traditional medical practitioners as part of traditional medicine. 
  • This rice takes the longest cooking time of 40-45 minutes due to the presence of a fibrous bran layer and higher crude fibre content.


About The terracotta work of Gorakhpur,U.P


  • It is a centuries-old traditional art form, where the potters make various animal figures like, horses, elephants, camels, goats, ox, etc. with hand-applied ornamentation.
  • There are more than 1,000 varieties of terracotta work designed by the local craftsmen.


  • The craftsmen are majorly spread over the villages of Aurangabad, Bharwalia, Langadi Gularia, Budhadih, Amawa, Ekla etc. in Gorakhpur,Uttar Pradesh.

Special Characteristics

  • The entire work is done with bare hands
  • Artisans use natural colour, which stays fast for a long time. 

Major Products of craftsmanship

  • Hauda elephants, Mahawatdar horse, deer, camel, five-faced Ganesha, single-faced Ganesha, elephant table, chandeliers, hanging bells etc


About GI tag

  • GI is primarily an agricultural, natural or a manufactured product (handicrafts and also industrial goods) originating from the definite geographical territory.
  • Significance of a GI tag: It conveys an assurance of quality and distinctiveness, which is essentially attributable to the place of its origin.
  • The security
    • Once the GI protection is granted , then no other producer can misuse the name to the market similar products
    • It also provides comfort to the customers about the authenticity of that product.
  • Legislations: 
    • Geographical Indications of Goods (Registration and Protection Act), 1999
    • This Act is administered by the Controller General of Patents, Designs and TradeMarks, who is also Registrar of Geographical Indications.
  • Other Provisions in this regard:
    • It  is covered as an element of intellectual property rights (IPRs) under the Paris Convention for Protection of Industrial Property.
    • GI is governed by the WTO’s Agreement on the Trade-Related Aspects of an Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS).
    • GI are covered under the Paris Convention for the Protection of Industrial Property as an element of IPRs.

Image Source:TH