In News: Recently some traditional goods/ handicrafts received the Geographical Indication tag under G.I Act 1999.
About products, related state and product features
- The famous Dindigul locks are known throughout the world for their superior quality and durability, so much so that even the city is called Lock City.
- They are made of iron and brass due to the abundance of iron in this region.
- They are still extensively used in prisons, godowns, hospitals and even temples.
- These lock manufacturing units are limited to an area of 5 km in and around Dindigul.
- There are over 50 varieties of handmade locks made by the artisans.
- But over the last few years, this industry has been slowly dying due to competition from Aligarh and Rajapalayam.
- The Kandangi saree is manufactured in Karaikudi taluk in Sivaganga district of Tamil Nadu.
- The original Kandangi saree is manually made using a winding machine, loom, shuttle and bobbin.
- It is a team effort of the families who live in the town of Karaikudi and it forms part of their livelihood.
- These sarees are characterised by the large contrast borders, and some of them are known to have borders covering as much as two-thirds of the saree.
- The sarees are usually around 5.10 meters – 5.60 meters in length.
- The Kandangi sarees exude brilliant colours like bright yellow, orange, red and a minimal black in the traditional pattern of stripes or checks with broad borders woven in coarse cotton.
- It is a prasadam from Palani Town.
- It is one of the main offerings to Lord Dhandayuthapani Swamy, the presiding deity of Arulmigu Dhandayuthapani Swamy Temple, situated in Palani Hills, Palani Town in Dindigul District of Tamil Nadu.
- It is a combination of five natural substances, namely, banana, jaggery sugar, cow ghee, honey and cardamom in a definite proportion.
- It is prepared in a natural method without addition of any preservatives or artificial ingredients and is well known for its religious fervour and gaiety.
- This is the first time a temple prasadam from Tamil Nadu has been bestowed the GI tag.
- It is a compactly woven fabric known for warp yarns, warping, weaving and intricate designs that are made by hand.
- It is produced throughout Mizoram.
- Aizawl and Thenzawl town being the main centres of production.
- It is a colourful Mizo shawl considered essential by most women from the State.
- It is a common costume in Mizo festive dances and official ceremonies.
- The weavers insert the designs and motifs by using supplementary yarns while weaving to create this beautiful and alluring textile.
TIRUR BETEL VINE
- It is mainly cultivated in Tirur, Tanur, Tirurangadi, Kuttippuram, Malappuram and Vengara block panchayats of Malappuram District.
- Though it is commonly used for making pan masala for chewing, it has many medicinal, industrial and cultural usages.
- It is considered as a remedy for bad breath and digestive disorders.
- It is unique for its significantly high content of total chlorophyll and protein in fresh leaves.
- GI tag has been given to Kolhapuri chappal to 8 districts in two states -
- Kolhapur, Sangli, Satara and Solapur districts of Maharashtra
- Dharwad, Belgaum, Bagalkot and Bijapur of Karnataka.
- These sturdy leather chappals are hand-crafted and tanned using vegetable dyes and the art of making them is passed down one generation to another.
- Some of the traditional designs of Kolhapuri chappals include Kachkadi, Bakkalnali, and Pukari.
- In the 20th century Chhatrapati Shahu Maharaj (1874-1922) of Kolhapur encouraged its production and 29 tanning centres were opened during his rule in Kolhapur and footwear began to be traded in Kolhapur.
About GI tag
- GI is primarily an agricultural, natural or a manufactured product (handicrafts and also industrial goods) originating from the definite geographical territory.
- Significance of a GI tag: It conveys an assurance of quality and distinctiveness, which is essentially attributable to the place of its origin.
- The security:
- Once the GI protection is granted and no other producer can misuse the name to the market similar products.
- It also provides comfort to the customers about the authenticity of that product.
- Legislations: Geographical Indications of Goods (Registration and Protection Act), 1999
- Other Provisions in this regard:
- It is covered as an element of intellectual property rights (IPRs) under the Paris Convention for Protection of Industrial Property.
- GI is governed by the WTO’s Agreement on the Trade-Related Aspects of an Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS).
- As of August 2019, 178 GI handicraft products were registered from all over India.