Four Indian trainee astronauts preparing for Gaganyaan - India’s first manned space mission - have completed their winter survival training programme as part of a year-long astronaut training course conducted by the Yuri Gagarin Cosmonaut Training Centre in Russia.

Training includes

  • Survival techniques required in the event of the crew landing in a cold zone.
  • Theoretical and practical exercises on tactics of behaviour and actions after landing a descent vehicle in extreme conditions 
  • Looking for a safe place to organise a camp, building two types of shelters, conducting radio exchanges as per regulations, sending out fire signals, tending to injured persons and getting rescued by a helicopter.


The Gaganyaan Mission

Objectives of the Mission:

  • Enhancement of science and technology levels in the country
  • A national project involving several institutes, academia, and industry
  • Improvement of industrial growth
  • Inspiring youth
  • Development of technology for social benefits
  • Improving international collaboration

More about it: 

  • Under the Gaganyaan mission, three flights will be sent into orbit. Of the three, there will be two unmanned flights and one human spaceflight.
  • The human space flight programme, called the Orbital Module will have three Indian astronauts, including a woman.
  • It will circle Earth at a low-earth-orbit at an altitude of 300-400 km from earth for 5-7 days.
  • The payload will consist of:
    • Crew module - spacecraft carrying human beings.
    • Service module - powered by two liquid propellant engines.
  • It will be equipped with emergency escape and emergency mission abort.
  • GSLV Mk III, will be used to launch Gaganyaan as it has the necessary payload capability.
    • GSLV MK-III is a three-stage heavy lift launch vehicle developed by ISRO. The vehicle has two solid strap-ons, a core liquid booster and a cryogenic upper stage.
    • GSLV Mk III is designed to carry a 4 ton class of satellites into Geosynchronous Transfer Orbit (GTO) or about 10 tons to Low Earth Orbit (LEO), which is about twice the capability of the GSLV Mk II.

Human Space Flight Centre (HSFC): 

  • India’s world-class facility for training astronauts will come up at Challakere, a shrubby, arid oilseeds town in Karnataka. 
  • It will be the single-stop facility consolidating infrastructure and activities related to space travellers.
  • It will be a self-contained facility, so that whatever training and activities India is now doing in Russia for the Gaganyaan crew can all be done here in future.