Context: Recently, the Minister of State PMO said that the launch of India’s first human space mission “Gaganyaan” will not be affected by COVID pandemic and preparation is going in the right direction.

More on the news:

  • The training of four Indian astronauts in Russia has now been resumed and the launch is scheduled to take place as planned, before the 75th anniversary of India’s independence in 2022.
  • To encourage private participation in ISRO activities a regulatory body called “Indian National Space Promotion & Authorization Centre (IN-SPACe)” is to be established. 
    • This will help provide a level playing field to private players and encourage their participation, he said.
  • The Chandrayaan-3 Lunar mission is planned to be launched next year. 
    • This mission will involve a lander, rover and a propulsion system to carry the modules to move but it would not have an orbiter as the previous orbiter is fully operational.

About Gaganyaan Mission:

ISRO aims to launch its maiden Human Space Mission, Gaganyaan before the 75th anniversary of India’s independence in 2022 aboard GSLV Mk III.

The Mission:

  • Under the Gaganyaan schedule, three flights will be sent into orbit. Of the three, there will be two unmanned flights and one human spaceflight.
  • The human space flight program, called the Orbital Module will have three Indian astronauts, including a woman.
  • It will circle Earth at a low-earth-orbit at an altitude of 300-400 km from the earth for 5-7 days.

Objectives of the Mission:

  • Enhancement of science and technology levels in the country
  • A national project involving several institutes, academia, and industry
  • Improvement of industrial growth
  • Inspiring youth
  • Development of technology for social benefits
  • Improving international collaboration

The payload will consist of:

  • Crew module - spacecraft carrying human beings.
  • Service module - powered by two liquid-propellant engines.
  • It will be equipped with emergency escape and emergency mission abort.


  • Also called the LVM-3 (Launch Vehicle Mark-3) the three-stage heavy-lift launch vehicle.
  • It is currently undergoing improvisation to ensure that it is human-rated i.e declared safe to transport a human being into space.
  • Its first unmanned mission with the human-rated rocket is planned for December 2020.

Indian National Space Promotion and Authorization Centre (IN-SPACe)

  • It will be the new entity of the Department of Space.
  • It is supposed to be a facilitator, and also a regulator. 
  • It will act as an interface between ISRO and private parties, and assess how best to utilize India’s space resources and increase space-based activities.
  • It will function autonomously and parallel to ISRO without taking away anything from it.
  • Composition: It will have its own chairperson and board.
  • Setup: The entity will have its own directorates for technical, legal, safety and security, monitoring and activities promotion.
  • Functions:
    • It is to be created to provide a level playing field for private companies to use Indian space infrastructure.
    • It will also hand-hold, promote the private industries in space activities through encouraging policies and a friendly regulatory environment.
    • It will regulate and promote the building of routine satellites, rockets and commercial launch services through the Indian industry and startup.
    • It will assess the needs and demands of private players, including educational and research institutions, and explore ways to accommodate these requirements in consultation with ISRO.