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Gaganyaan: International Collaboration Key In Manned Mission - The first-ever Indian mission to send a man into space will involve collaboration with international space agencies.

Space cooperation agreements

With Russia

  • Under a space cooperation agreement signed in 2015 with Russia, the Russian space agency Roscosmos will shortly begin the training of four Indian IAF test pilots – chosen by Russian and Indian experts to be the first Indian astronauts – at the Yuri Gagarin Cosmonaut Training Centre at Star City, Russia.
  • The Yuri Gagarin center will provide generic training for Indian astronauts in areas like the basics of a manned flight, control systems, space navigation, design principles, and space engineering before they return for mission-specific training.

With France

  • ISRO and the French space agency CNES will be collaborating on medical systems for the Gaganyaan mission, including emergency medical systems onboard the spacecraft.
  • In 2018, CNES president and ISRO chairman had announced the creation of a French-Indian working group on human spaceflight. 
  • CNES and ISRO will combine expertise in the fields of space medicine, astronaut health monitoring, life support, radiation protection, space debris protection and personal hygiene systems, which will all play a key role in the Gaganyaan mission.

ISRO will provide a bulwark of technologies and systems for the Gaganyaan mission, but there will be key contributions from Russia and France.

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