You have already read that Fundamental Rights are indeed very essential for the well being of every citizen. We also know that people have always struggled against injustice, exploitation, and inequality for the creation of better surroundings, better living conditions and preservation of human dignity.
Efforts to avail such rights to all human beings have been made at the international level also by recognizing various rights which are popularly known as Human Rights. The General Assembly of the United Nations adopted Human Rights in 1948 and enshrined them in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights about which you will study later.
Some of the Human Rights are Equality before Law, Freedom from Discrimination, Right to Life, Liberty and Personal Security, Right to Free Movement, Right to Education, Right to Marriage and Family, Freedom of Thought, Conscience and Religion, Right to Peaceful Assembly and Association and Right to Participate in the Cultural Life of the Community.
If you carefully examine the above mentioned rights, you will realise how important Human Rights are. That is why many of the Human Rights have found a place in the Chapter on Fundamental Rights in the Indian Constitution.
The Human Rights which could not find a place under the Fundamental Rights have been included in the Chapter on Directive Principles of State Policy. Moreover, keeping in view the importance of Human Rights, the National Human Rights Commission was founded in 1993 by the Government of India to guarantee that the Indian citizens also enjoy those rights.
Also read: Cultural And Educational Rights