fuel-cell-technology-for-disaster-management

Researchers at International Advanced Research for Powder Metallurgy & New Materials (ARCI) have developed Polymer Electrolyte Membrane fuel cells (PEMFC).

About Polymer Electrolyte Membrane fuel cells (PEMFC)

Developed by

International Advanced Research for Powder Metallurgy & New Materials (ARCI), Hyderabad






 

Working Mechanism

SourceWikipedia




 

Significance

They have an advantage of operational capability at low-temperatures with applications in decentralised power generation systems.

Fuel cell systems offer a potential benefit in terms of providing sustainable electricity using hydrogen gas without the need for grid power as required by conventional battery backup systems. 

Immediate support during the Golden Hour: These fuel cells are an important part of a changed strategy of management of disasters in recent times. In the new changed strategy, the focus is on Fuel cell technology which is independent of power fluctuations compared to grid-connected electricity networks.

About Paradigm shift in management of disasters in recent times

  • From response centric to other elements:
    • Shift is from response-centric (rescue, relief, rehabilitation, and reconstruction) to laying greater emphasis on the other elements of disaster management cycle (prevention, mitigation, and preparedness) as a means to prevent the impact of future emergencies.

 


 

             

Source: Global Asia

  • Conversion of Control Rooms to Emergency Operation Centres (EOC):
    • EOCs respond immediately during an emergency situation with State-of-the-Art communication systems. 
    • This helps in providing immediate support during the Golden Hour of the disaster.

 

Note: ARCI is now planning to set up a PEMFC system to 10 kW capacity at Tamil Nadu State Emergency Operation Centre (TN SEOC) to operate the systems like early warning systems, VHF set, IP phone, BSNL Ethernet and office equipment like scanner, computers, printers, phone, FAX and normal requirements like lighting and fan.

 

About International Advanced Research for Powder Metallurgy & New Materials (ARCI), Hyderabad 

 

        Origin

The origin lies in the Integrated Long Term Programme on Cooperation in Science & Technology (ILTP) signed by the erstwhile USSR and India in the late 1980s.

ARCI became operational in April 1995.

 

Details

ARCI functions as an autonomous and grants-in-aid institution of the Government of India's Department of Science & Technology.

ARCI is a state-of-the-art facility for research & development in advanced materials and associated processing technologies. 

 

Objectives

Development of high-performance materials and processes for niche markets.

Demonstration of technologies at prototype scale.

Transfer of technologies to the Indian industry.

Fuel Cell Technology

  • A fuel cell is a device that generates electricity by a chemical reaction
  • Every fuel cell has two electrodes called, respectively, the anode and cathode. The reactions that produce electricity take place at the electrodes.
  • Every fuel cell also has an electrolyte, which carries electrically charged particles from one electrode to the other, and a catalyst, which speeds the reactions at the electrodes.
  • Hydrogen is the basic fuel, but fuel cells also require oxygen. 
  • One great appeal of fuel cells is that they generate electricity with very little pollution–much of the hydrogen and oxygen used in generating electricity ultimately combine to form a harmless byproduct, namely water.

Also readRethinking Disaster Management

Tiger Triumph: India-U.S. Disaster Relief Exercise

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