Q. Fluvial processes sculpt the landscape, eroding landforms, transporting sediment, and depositing it to create new landforms. Human civilization and ecosystems alike are dependent on fluvial systems. Discuss.

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 1 and mentioned as part of Mission-2022 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the erosional and depositional landforms created by the rivers and their economic and ecological importance.

Directive word:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you must debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You must give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:


Give a brief about fluvial landforms as important geomorphic agent.


Explain both erosional and depositional landforms caused by the water action. Use suitable diagrams and explain various landforms.

Give a perspective of how riverine landforms have sustained civilisations, economic benefits, ecosystem services which we derive out of riverine landforms.


Conclude with importance such landforms in the present day.