In News

  • The United Nations (UN) has released in its first-ever global assessment of environmental laws.
About Key Findings
  • Well, the world fares poorly on the implementation of environmental laws and also regulations despite the fact that 38 times more green laws have been framed and also approved in the last four decades.
  • However, approx 88 countries have adopted the constitutional right to a healthy environment and also more than 350 environmental courts and the tribunals exist in around 50 countries.
  • But, the failure to the fully implement and also enforce the environmental laws is one of the greatest challenges towards the mitigating climate change, reducing pollution and preventing widespread species and also the habitat loss.
  • The other problems: Well, the poor coordination across the government agencies, weak institutional capacity, the lack of access to information, corruption and the stifled civic engagement are the key factors behind the poor effectiveness and also an implementation of environmental regulations.
  • Underlining the growing resistance to environmental laws, the report also advocated on behalf of the environmental activists and also whistleblowers.
  • In fact, it said 908 people, which include the forest rangers, government inspectors, and local activists, were killed in 35 countries between 2002 and 2013 and 197 were killed in the year of 2017 alone.
Indian scenario
  • Well, the India serves as a perfect example to this issue. Both the India’s people and the environment have been paying the price for its lethargic and also the poor state of environmental governance.
  • However, this is reiterated by a high-level committee set up the environment ministry in the year of 2014. Like the Water Act, which was implemented in 1974, a number of laws and regulations have been existing for more than four decades now, but are proving to be ineffective.
  • India ranked 177th out of 180 countries in the 2018 Global Environment Performance Index (EPI) rankings of the Yale University for being unable to improve its air quality, protect its biodiversity, and cut its greenhouse gas emissions. In fact, it also slipped by 36 points in 2018 from 141 in 2016.
  • In fact, India has several rules and the guidelines to control air pollution, but they aren’t put to good use.
  • The coal-based power plants continue to be the major source of air pollution in the country as more than 300 coal thermal power plants still violate emission standards.
  • Judiciary ignored: More than two-thirds of the states/union territories in the country have neither bothered to comply with the orders passed by the Supreme Court, nor complied with the directions which is given by the Ministry of Environment, Forests and the Climate Change (MoEF&CC).
  • The judiciary’s order failed to even curb illegal rat-hole mining and miners in Meghalaya paid the price for that.
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