first-indigenous-fuel-cell-system

Context:

The President of India, unveiled the first Indigenous High Temperature Fuel Cell System 

About first Indigenous High Temperature Fuel Cell System of India

Developed by

  • Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) in partnership with Indian industries 
  • It is under India’s flagship program named New Millennium Indian Technology Leadership Initiative (NMITLI). 
  • It is under the Public-Private Partnership (PPP) model 

Working and mechanism

The 5.0 kW fuel cell system generates power in a green manner using methanol / bio-methane, with heat and water as bi-products for further use.

 

The Fuel Cells developed are based on High Temperature Proton Exchange Membrane (HTPEM) Technology

  • This technology is the core of the fuel cells running above 150 °C. As in classical PEM fuel cells technology
  • Hydrogen is electrochemically split to proton and electron on anode. 
  • Proton is transported through membrane to cathode while electricity is yielded in an external circuit. 
  • At cathode protons recombine with electrons and react further with Oxygen to water and heat.
  • The technology can achieve efficiency approaching 90?lculated as combined yield of electricity and heat.

Efficiency

It amounts to greater than 70?ficiency, which otherwise may not be possible by other energy sources



 

Significance

  • It is most suitable for distributed stationary power applications like; for small offices, commercial units, data centers etc.; where highly reliable power is essential with simultaneous requirement for air-conditioning. 
  • This system will also meet the requirement of efficient, clean and reliable backup power generator for telecom towers, remote locations and strategic applications as well. 
  • This development would replace Diesel Generating (DG) sets and help reduce India’s dependence on crude oil.
  • It is a unique example of Public-Private Partnership (PPP) among CSIR and Indian industry exemplifying exploiting materials of science developments at CSIR laboratories into practice by Industry. 

 

Fuel-cell system is a thermodynamic device that converts the energy of a chemical reaction directly into electricity and heat, thus producing efficient power with a finite rate.

Fuel Cell distributed power generation

  • In the field of clean energy, Fuel Cell distributed power generation systems are emerging as a promising alternative to grid power
  • The Fuel Cells fit well in India’s mission of replacing diesel with green and alternate fuels. 
  • The development of fuel cell technology is indigenous and carries immense national importance in terms of non-grid energy security.

 

New Millennium Indian Technology Leadership Initiative (NMITLI)

  • As a part of a new millennium initiative, the Government mounted this farsighted R&D programme in Public-Private Partnership mode in 2000-01.
  • The responsibility of conceptualising, evolving and implementing the programme has been assigned to the Council of Scientific & Industrial Research (CSIR). 
  • It seeks to catalyze innovation centered scientific and technological developments as a vehicle to attain for Indian industry a global leadership position, in selected niche areas.
  • Users can get details of the programme, procedure, terms and condition for project proposal etc. 
  • Information on Nationally Evolved Projects under NMITLI is also available.