The President of India, unveiled the first Indigenous High Temperature Fuel Cell System
About first Indigenous High Temperature Fuel Cell System of India
- Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) in partnership with Indian industries
- It is under India’s flagship program named New Millennium Indian Technology Leadership Initiative (NMITLI).
- It is under the Public-Private Partnership (PPP) model
Working and mechanism
The 5.0 kW fuel cell system generates power in a green manner using methanol / bio-methane, with heat and water as bi-products for further use.
The Fuel Cells developed are based on High Temperature Proton Exchange Membrane (HTPEM) Technology.
- This technology is the core of the fuel cells running above 150 °C. As in classical PEM fuel cells technology
- Hydrogen is electrochemically split to proton and electron on anode.
- Proton is transported through membrane to cathode while electricity is yielded in an external circuit.
- At cathode protons recombine with electrons and react further with Oxygen to water and heat.
- The technology can achieve efficiency approaching 90?lculated as combined yield of electricity and heat.
It amounts to greater than 70?ficiency, which otherwise may not be possible by other energy sources
- It is most suitable for distributed stationary power applications like; for small offices, commercial units, data centers etc.; where highly reliable power is essential with simultaneous requirement for air-conditioning.
- This system will also meet the requirement of efficient, clean and reliable backup power generator for telecom towers, remote locations and strategic applications as well.
- This development would replace Diesel Generating (DG) sets and help reduce India’s dependence on crude oil.
- It is a unique example of Public-Private Partnership (PPP) among CSIR and Indian industry exemplifying exploiting materials of science developments at CSIR laboratories into practice by Industry.
Fuel-cell system is a thermodynamic device that converts the energy of a chemical reaction directly into electricity and heat, thus producing efficient power with a finite rate.
Fuel Cell distributed power generation
- In the field of clean energy, Fuel Cell distributed power generation systems are emerging as a promising alternative to grid power.
- The Fuel Cells fit well in India’s mission of replacing diesel with green and alternate fuels.
- The development of fuel cell technology is indigenous and carries immense national importance in terms of non-grid energy security.
New Millennium Indian Technology Leadership Initiative (NMITLI)
- As a part of a new millennium initiative, the Government mounted this farsighted R&D programme in Public-Private Partnership mode in 2000-01.
- The responsibility of conceptualising, evolving and implementing the programme has been assigned to the Council of Scientific & Industrial Research (CSIR).
- It seeks to catalyze innovation centered scientific and technological developments as a vehicle to attain for Indian industry a global leadership position, in selected niche areas.
- Users can get details of the programme, procedure, terms and condition for project proposal etc.
- Information on Nationally Evolved Projects under NMITLI is also available.