The President of India, unveiled the first Indigenous High Temperature Fuel Cell System 

About first Indigenous High Temperature Fuel Cell System of India

Developed by

  • Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) in partnership with Indian industries 
  • It is under India’s flagship program named New Millennium Indian Technology Leadership Initiative (NMITLI). 
  • It is under the Public-Private Partnership (PPP) model 

Working and mechanism

The 5.0 kW fuel cell system generates power in a green manner using methanol / bio-methane, with heat and water as bi-products for further use.


The Fuel Cells developed are based on High Temperature Proton Exchange Membrane (HTPEM) Technology

  • This technology is the core of the fuel cells running above 150 °C. As in classical PEM fuel cells technology
  • Hydrogen is electrochemically split to proton and electron on anode. 
  • Proton is transported through membrane to cathode while electricity is yielded in an external circuit. 
  • At cathode protons recombine with electrons and react further with Oxygen to water and heat.
  • The technology can achieve efficiency approaching 90?lculated as combined yield of electricity and heat.


It amounts to greater than 70?ficiency, which otherwise may not be possible by other energy sources



  • It is most suitable for distributed stationary power applications like; for small offices, commercial units, data centers etc.; where highly reliable power is essential with simultaneous requirement for air-conditioning. 
  • This system will also meet the requirement of efficient, clean and reliable backup power generator for telecom towers, remote locations and strategic applications as well. 
  • This development would replace Diesel Generating (DG) sets and help reduce India’s dependence on crude oil.
  • It is a unique example of Public-Private Partnership (PPP) among CSIR and Indian industry exemplifying exploiting materials of science developments at CSIR laboratories into practice by Industry. 


Fuel-cell system is a thermodynamic device that converts the energy of a chemical reaction directly into electricity and heat, thus producing efficient power with a finite rate.

Fuel Cell distributed power generation

  • In the field of clean energy, Fuel Cell distributed power generation systems are emerging as a promising alternative to grid power
  • The Fuel Cells fit well in India’s mission of replacing diesel with green and alternate fuels. 
  • The development of fuel cell technology is indigenous and carries immense national importance in terms of non-grid energy security.


New Millennium Indian Technology Leadership Initiative (NMITLI)

  • As a part of a new millennium initiative, the Government mounted this farsighted R&D programme in Public-Private Partnership mode in 2000-01.
  • The responsibility of conceptualising, evolving and implementing the programme has been assigned to the Council of Scientific & Industrial Research (CSIR). 
  • It seeks to catalyze innovation centered scientific and technological developments as a vehicle to attain for Indian industry a global leadership position, in selected niche areas.
  • Users can get details of the programme, procedure, terms and condition for project proposal etc. 
  • Information on Nationally Evolved Projects under NMITLI is also available.