The humanoid robot Fedor, the first from Russia sent into orbit, has reached the International Space Station.


  • FEDOR, which stands for Final Experimental Demonstration Object Research, the Skybot F-850 is the first humanoid robot to be sent to space by Russia.
  • It will spend 10 days learning to assist astronauts on the International Space Station.
  • The robot’s main purpose is to be used in operations that are especially dangerous for humans onboard spacecraft and in outer space.

 Earlier uses of humanoid robots in space applications

  • In 2011, NASA sent up Robonaut 2, a humanoid robot developed with General Motors that had a similar aim of working in high-risk environments.
  • In 2013, Japan sent up a small robot called Kirobo along with the ISS’s first Japanese space commander.


  • Fedor copies human movements, a key skill that allows it to remotely help astronauts to carry out tasks.
  • Fedor is described as ‘potentially useful’ on Earth for working in high radiation environments, demining and tricky rescue missions.

International Space Station


Low Earth Orbit (LEO)

It orbits Earth every 90 minutes.


Principal space agencies

1.NASA (United States)

2.Roscosmos (Russia)

3.JAXA (Japan)

4.ESA (Europe)

5.CSA (Canada)



It serves as a home where crews of astronauts and cosmonauts live. 

The space station is also a unique science laboratory.