Context: The Union Ministry of Road Transport & Highways has made FASTag mandatory to be available by 1st of January 2021 in old vehicles sold before 1st December, 2017 through amendments in CMVR, 1989.


  • As per Central Motor Vehicles Rules, 1989, the FASTag had been made mandatory for all registration of new four wheeled Vehicles since 1st December 2017. 
  • It had further been mandated that the renewal of fitness certificate will be done only after the fitment of FASTag for the Transport Vehicles. 
  • The steps for ensuring the availability of FASTag at multiple channels are being made through physical locations and also through online mechanisms.


  • 100% payment of fees at Toll Plazas: A major step for ensuring payment of fees at Toll Plazas through the Electronic Means only. 
  • Would save fuel: The vehicles pass seamlessly through the Fee Plazas and there would be no waiting time at the Plazas. 

About FASTags:

  • Radio Frequency Identification (RFID): The device employs RFID technology for payments directly from the prepaid or savings account linked to it.
    • RFID is the use of radio waves to read and capture information stored on a tag attached to an object.  
    • A tag can be read from up to several feet away and does not need to be within the direct line-of-sight of the reader to be tracked.
  • Affixed on the windscreen: So the vehicle can drive through plazas without stopping.
  • Valid for five years: Can be recharged as and when required.
  • Seven different colours: The tag comes in 7 different colours - violet, orange, yellow, green, pink, blue, black. Each colour is assigned to a particular category of vehicles.
  • Implemented by: Indian Highways Management Company Limited (IHMCL), a company incorporated by National Highways Authority of India and National Payment Corporation of India (NPCI) are implementing this program.
  • Payment method: It is a part of the National Electronic Toll Collection (NETC) programme. The National Payments Corporation of India (NPCI) collects the payments.

            Source: Quora

Image Source: Financial Express