In a written reply in Rajya Sabha,Union Minister of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare gave the following information about the farmer centric technological initiatives in India.
Government schemes aimed at imparting training to farmers in the agriculture and allied sectors
Support to State Extension Programmes for Extension Reforms
- It is a Centrally Sponsored Scheme
- It is also known as Agriculture Technology Management Agency (ATMA) Scheme
- It is under implementation in 691 districts of 28 States & 5 UTs of the country.
- The extension activities under ATMA, inter-alia, include Farmers’ Training.
- Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) with its network of 717 KrishiVigyanKendras (KVKs) has mandate of technology assessment, demonstration and capacity development of farmers.
- KVKs are imparting training to farmers for getting higher agricultural production and income.
Farm Machinery Training & Testing Institutes (FMTTIs)
- There are four Farm Machinery Training & Testing Institutes (FMTTIs) located at Budni (MP), Hissar (Haryana), Ananthapur (AP) and BiswanathChariali (Assam)
- These are engaged in imparting training to various categories of trainees including farmers, in the field of Farm Mechanization.
National Food Security Mission (NFSM)
- It is being implemented to increase the production and productivity of rice, wheat, pulses, coarse cereals and nutri- cereals (millets) through area expansion and productivity enhancement.
Mission for Integrated Development of Horticulture (MIDH)
- It is a Centrally Sponsored Scheme being implemented for holistic growth of the horticulture sector covering fruits, vegetables, root and tuber crops, mushrooms, spices, flowers, aromatic plants, coconut, cashew, cocoa and bamboo.
- All States and UTs are covered under MIDH.
Sub-Mission on Plant Protection & Plant Quarantine
- Training of farmers is an inbuilt component under Sub-Mission on Plant Protection & Plant Quarantine.
- Farmer Field Schools are conducted for promoting Integrated Pest Management among farmers.
- IPM emphasizes the growth of a healthy crop with the least possible disruption to agro-ecosystems and encourages natural pest control mechanisms.
Image Source:The Better India