In News: Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) is contemplating to install a wooden barricade around the stone chariot inside Vittala Temple complex to protect it from vandalism
About Vittala Temple
It was built during the reign of King Devaraya II (1422 – 1446 A.D.), of the Vijayanagara Empire.
Several portions of the temple were expanded and enhanced during the reign of Krishnadevaraya (1509 – 1529 A.D.), the most famous ruler of the Vijayanagara dynasty. He played a significant role in giving the monument its present look.
North eastern part of Hampi, near the banks of the Tungabhadra River.
- The temple is built in Dravidian Style.
- Temple represents a high degree of craftsmanship of the temple architecture that reached its zenith under the Vijayanagara rulers.
- The temple complex is surrounded by high compound walls and three towering gateways.
- The highlight of Vittala temple is its impressive pillared halls and the stone chariot.
Notable among structures of the temples
- Shrine of the Goddess
- Maha Mantapa or main hall
- Ranga Mantapa
- Kalyana Mantapa (marriage hall)
- Utsava Mantapa (festival hall)
- Stone Chariot.
Vittala Temple is part of the Group of monuments at Hampi,which is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Important constituents of Group of monuments at Hampi:
- The Krishna temple complex
- Narasimha, Ganesa, Hemakuta group of temples
- Achyutaraya temple complex
- Vitthala temple complex
- Pattabhirama temple complex
- Lotus Mahal complex
Temple Architecture Styles in India
Between the banks of river Krishna and Kanyakumari
320 A.D to 499 A.D
7th Century A.D
It has towers/Shikharas with rounded top and curved linear outline.
Vimanas are present in the shape of pyramids
May or may not be present
Present and water from these tanks is used for sacred purposes.
Vijayanagara style architecture
- Vijayanagara style is a combination of the Chalukya, Hoysala, Pandya and Chola styles
- It is known for its adoption of elements of Indo Islamic Architecture in secular buildings like the Queen’s Bath and the Elephant Stables, representing a highly evolved multi-religious and multi-ethnic society.
- Vijayanagara temples are usually surrounded by a strong enclosure.
- Small shrines consist simply of a garbhagriha (sanctum) and a porch.
- Medium-sized temples have a garbhagriha, shukanasi (antechamber), a navaranga (antrala) connecting the sanctum and outer mandapa (hall), and a rangamantapa (enclosed pillared hall).
- Large temples have tall Rayagopuram built with wood, brick and stucco in Chola style.