Context: As per scientists warning, Climate change remains a grave threat despite the reduction in emissions witnessed during the covid-19 lockdown and failure to step up climate action could harm humans, the ecosystem, and economies for centuries.

More on news:

  • The reduction in emissions because of the lockdown is temporary.
  • According to the World Meteorological Organization (WMO),the ongoing crisis could exacerbate the socioeconomic impact on countries most vulnerable to climate change.
  • The world is already 1.1°C warmer than in the pre-industrial era. The past five years were the hottest on record and WMO’s multi-model climate prediction suggests a new global mean temperature record is likely to occur in 2020-2024.
  • There are concerns that a prolonged global economic slowdown may adversely impact the implementation of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and the Paris Agreement on Climate Change.
  • Other challenges: the challenge of evacuation in case of extreme weather events and the risk of over-stretched health systems, besides the need to boost disaster warning systems.
    • There is also a risk that limited financial resources could be diverted away from climate targets.

Need to rethink:

  • This is the time for all governments to rethink their approach to climate change. If one pandemic can bring the global economy to a halt, imagine what a perfect storm of extreme heat, water stress, agricultural losses, and destroyed infrastructure from extreme weather events would do.
  • The need is to flatten both the pandemic and climate change curves and show the same determination and unity against climate change as against covid-19.


UN Sustainable Development Goals 2030

  • The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, adopted by all United Nations Member States in 2015, provides a shared blueprint for peace and prosperity for people and the planet, now and into the future. 
  • At its heart are the 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), which are an urgent call for action by all countries - developed and developing - in a global partnership. 
  • They recognize that ending poverty and other deprivations must go hand-in-hand with strategies that improve health and education, reduce inequality, and spur economic growth – all while tackling climate change and working to preserve our oceans and forests.

Source: https://sustainabledevelopment.un.org/?menu=1300

Paris Climate deal

  • The Paris Agreement is an international agreement to combat climate change.
  • From 30 November to 11 December 2015, the governments of 195 nations gathered in Paris, France, and discussed a possible new global agreement on climate change, aimed at reducing global greenhouse gas emissions and thus reduce the threat of dangerous climate change.
  • The key vision of Paris Agreement is to keep global temperatures “well below” 2.0C (3.6F) above pre-industrial times and “endeavour to limit” them even more, to 1.5C.
  • Paris Agreement is legally binding to all parties, Kyoto Protocol was not.
  • Nationally determined contributions (NDCs) were conceived at Paris summit which require each Party to prepare, communicate and maintain successive nationally determined contributions (NDCs) that it intends to achieve.

Source: TOI

World Meteorological Organisation

About WMO

  • WMO was created in 1950 as an intergovernmental organization.  
  • It became a specialized agency of the United Nations, in 1951, for meteorology (weather and climate), operational hydrology and related geophysical sciences.  WMO is the UN system‟s authoritative voice on weather, climate and water.  
  • Secretariat - Geneva, Switzerland.  
  • Through its members, WMO provides forecasts and early warnings to nations, which help prevent and mitigate disasters.  


  • WMO monitors and forecasts the transport of chemical and oil spills, forest fires, volcanic ash, haze and nuclear isotopes.  
  • It also draws world attention to the depletion of the ozone layer.  

Source: https://www.livemint.com/news/india/fall-in-emissions-spurred-by-lockdown-unlikely-to-last-in-the-long-run-11587586445524.html

Image Source: Livemint