explained-when-can-mps-be-suspended-from-the-house-what-rules-are-followed-in-the-process-ie

Context: Recently, eight Rajya Sabha MPs were suspended for unruly behaviour in the House. The motion was passed by a voice vote.

Analysis

Position in Lok Sabha

  • The Speaker may direct any Member whose conduct is in his opinion grossly disorderly to withdraw immediately from the House and any Member so ordered shall remain absent during the remainder of the day’s sitting.
  • The Speaker may suspend such Member (naming such Member) from the service of the House for a period not exceeding the remainder of the session (Rule 374).
  • Member shall, on being named by the Speaker, stand automatically suspended from the service of the House for five consecutive sittings or the remainder of the session, whichever is less (Rule 374A).

Position in Rajya Sabha

  • Like the Speaker in Lok Sabha, the Chairman of Rajya Sabha is empowered to “direct any Member whose conduct is in his opinion grossly disorderly to withdraw immediately” from the House.
  • Unlike the Speaker, however, the Rajya Sabha Chairman does not have the power to suspend a Member. 
  • The Chairman may “name a Member who disregards the authority of the Chair or abuses the rules of the Council by persistently and wilfully obstructing” business. 
  • In such a situation, the House may adopt a motion suspending the Member from the service of the House for a period not exceeding the remainder of the session.