Q. Explain elaborately the factors influencing the climate in India? Bring out the importance of winter sown crops in India?

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 1.

Key Demand of the question:

To identify the factors that impact the climate in India and explain them.


Explain –

Clarify the topic by giving a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts

Structure of the answer:


Briefly mention the important and defining features of Indian climate like temperature, rainfall and seasonality etc.


The main demand of the first part of the body is to mention the factors which influence Indain climate. Mention the factors such as Location, Distance from sea, Influence of the Himalayas, Monsoon, Cyclones etc. Cite examples along with explanation.

In the next part, mention about crops sown in India in the winter (Rabi) with a few examples. Then outline its importance in agriculture, food security, crop diversity, nutrition and farmers income etc.


Conclude by overall importance of winter crops to India.