Context: India secured 168th rank amongst 180 countries in the 12th edition of the biennial Environment Performance Index .
Key highlights of the report:
- The country scored 27.6 out of 100 in the 2020 index.
- The global index considered 32 indicators of environmental performance, giving a snapshot of the 10-year trends in environmental performance at the national and global levels.
- The 11 countries lagging behind India were — Burundi, Haiti, Chad, Solomon Islands, Madagascar, Guinea, Côte d’Ivoir, Sierra Leone, Afghanistan, Myanmar and Liberia.
- All South Asian countries, except Afghanistan, were ahead of India in the ranking.
- India scored below the regional average score on all five key parameters on environmental health, including air quality, sanitation and drinking water, heavy metals and waste management.
Suggestions for India:
- India needs to re-double national sustainability efforts on all fronts, according to the index.
- The country needs to focus on a wide spectrum of sustainability issues, with a high-priority to critical issues such as air and water quality, biodiversity and climate change.
- Real public participation in the policy process, a carefully structured regulatory strategy, open debate over goals and programs, the presence of a lively media, and a commitment to the rule of law all will correlate with out-performance over time.
Environment Performance Index
- It is a biennial report published by Yale and Columbia Universities in collaboration with the World Economic Forum.
- The index is a method of quantifying and numerically marking the environmental performance of a state’s policies.
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