In India, 15 September every year is celebrated as Engineers day as a tribute to the greatest Indian Engineer, Sir Mokshagundam Visvesvaraya.
About Mokshagundam Visvesvaraya
- ‘Engineering for Change’ is the theme of Engineers Day 2019.
Visvesvaraya’s Contributions and Achievements
- Visvesvaraya was born on 15 September 1861, near Chikkaballapur, Karnataka.
- He lost his father at a young age of 15 years and started giving tuitions to cope up with the financial needs of his family.
- Visvesvaraya did his schooling from the Wesleyan Mission High School in 1875.
- Later he joined the Central College and graduated with distinction.
- He then moved to Pune to join the College of Science to study engineering, where he passed his engineering examination in 1883.
- He specialized in Civil Engineering.
- Visvesvaraya took up a job with the Public Works Department (PWD) of Bombay (now Mumbai) and was later invited to join the Indian Irrigation Commission.
- He went on to become India’s most prolific civil engineer, dam builder, economist, statesman and can be counted among the last century’s foremost nation-builders.
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- Visvesvaraya started worked in municipality of Sukkur after completing his Bachelor's degree.
- There he developed a new system of irrigation- the Block System under which each area was divided under blocks and water was supplied to them according to the needs and type of the soil and had it patented.
- This solved the problem of the water crisis in the town Sukkur near the Indus River along with many other areas
- He also found the solution to the clogging of rivers and dams by putting steel doors to stop the flow of waste.
- In the year 1906, the Government of India sent Visvesvaraya to study water supply and drainage system at Aden.
- In 1909, he was appointed as Chief Engineer of Mysore state.
- In 1912, he became the Diwan of Mysore state and began to be called the Father of Modern Mysore State on account of his extensive work towards the upliftment of the state.
- He played a big role in laying the foundation stone of the Government Engineering College at Bangalore in 1917, one of the first engineering institutes in India. This institution was later named the University Visvesvaraya College of Engineering (UVCE)
- In 1924 he served as Chief Engineer as the designer of one of the biggest dams in India, the Krishnarajasagara dam.
- In 1915, he was knighted as a Commander of the Indian Empire by King George V for his immense contribution to public welfare.
- In 1955 he was presented with India’s greatest honor ‘Bharat Ratna’ and after that with several honorary doctorates from eight Indian Universities.
- He also established The Visvesvaraya Iron and Steel Plant Limited (VISL) in Mysore.
- The railway line from Bangalore to Mysore was also started by him.
- “Reconstructing India” and “Planned Economy of India”, two of his most important works were published in 1920 and 1934, respectively.