engineering-course-in-11-languages

Context: The All India Council of Technical Education is creating a database recently of resources to allow colleges to offer more programmes in regional languages.

Background:

  • On the first anniversary of the National Education Policy (NEP) recently, the Centre plans to officially roll out some initiatives promised in the policy.

Most probable initiatives to be rolled out:

  • Credit transfer system that will allow multiple entries and exit options in higher education.
  • Engineering programmes in regional languages.

Reforms not yet ready:

  • Higher Education Commission of India (HECI), 
  • The four-year undergraduate degree, and 
  • The common university entrance test.

The rationale behind such move:

  • The announced initiatives will improve the government’s report card on the policy’s implementation, which has also been slowed by COVID-19 disruptions.

About the Credit bank Rollout:

  • The Academic Bank of Credit will be rolled out for students in over 290 top institutions from the current academic year 2021-22 onwards.
  • Criteria for Institution:
    • All institutions in the top 100 of the National Institutional Ranking Framework. 
      • Those who have achieved an A grade under the National Assessment and Accreditation Council will be allowed to participate in the credit transfer system.
  • Benefits:
    • It will allow multiple entries and exit options for students.
    • However, the proposal for four-year undergraduate degrees has run into some opposition, especially from faculty at the premier University of Delhi.

About Subject choices and Regional language in Engineering programmes:

  • Multidisciplinarity is being encouraged with guidelines to be issued to allow the merger of institutes as well as to give students the choice of taking subjects such as: 
    • Social sciences, music and sports while getting engineering degrees, or even getting a minor degree in emerging areas while majoring in a different subject.
    • Although premier institutions such as the Indian Institutes of Technology have baulked at the idea of introducing courses in Indian languages. 
  • The Centre will announce the launch of engineering degrees in regional languages in about 14 smaller institutions. 
  • AICTE has developed a tool to translate engineering course content into 11 languages.
  • Benefits of Regional Language in Engineering:
    • It will offer access to higher education for students from rural, low-income families who may not be fluent in English.
    • It would help prevent language-based discrimination.
  • A four-hour training programme on artificial intelligence developed by the Central Board of Secondary Education and Intel India. 
    • It would also contribute to a digital-driven economy.
    • It aims to introduce artificial intelligence to 10 lakh people in its first year and is available in 11 languages.

Other Initiative Announced recently:

  • The launch of Indian Sign Language as a regular language subject in secondary schools.
    • It will promote inclusivity for speech and hearing-challenged students.
  • A three-month play module
    • To prepare children to enter Class 1.

Related Facts

About National Education Policy (NEP).

  • The policy redraws the schooling system by replacing the existing 10+2 model with a 5+3+3+4 formula. 
  • Students in the 3-8-year age group will be part of the foundation stage, 8-11 years for preparatory schooling, 11-14 years for middle school and 14-18 for secondary education.
  • Vocational education will also be part of the curriculum from Class 6 and 10-day internships will be introduced at schools. 
  • It also does away with the rigid course structures for science and arts streams, curricular and extracurricular activities, and emphasizes the need to track students’ learning outcomes.
  • Early Childhood Care and Education: The first six of life are critical years of human life since the rate of development in these years is more rapid than at any other stage of development. 
    • Early Childhood Care and Education (ECCE in NEP) makes a positive contribution to children’s long term development and learning by facilitating an enabling and stimulating environment in these foundation stages of lifelong learning.

About National Institutional Ranking Framework:

  • It is one of the criteria for private institutions assessment for the Institutions of Eminence (IoE) Scheme.
    • IoE Scheme is a government's scheme to provide the regulatory architecture for setting up or upgrading of 20 Institutions (10 from the public sector and 10 from the private sector) as world-class teaching and research institutions.
  • NIRF outlines a methodology to rank institutions across the country. 
    • The methodology draws from the overall recommendations and broad understanding arrived at by a Core Committee set up by MHRD.
  • Broad Parameters:
    • Teaching, Learning and Resources.
    • Research and Professional Practices.
    • Graduation Outcomes.
    • Outreach and Inclusivity.
    • Peer Perception.
  • 90% of the parameters in NIRF are completely objective and fact-based, while only 10% is based on the subjective parameter of perception by academic peers and employers.
  • In international rankings, Indian institutions’ low ranking is due to the high weightage given to the perception which is a subjective parameter.
  • It is acknowledged that Indian institutions struggle on the “internationalisation” parameter in global rankings and the NIRF rankings are believed to reach a point where international institutions will want to be included in the Indian ranking system rather than vice versa.

More about the India Ranking 2020.

More about the National Curriculum Framework.

Source:https://www.thehindu.com/todays-paper/tp-national/engineering-course-in-11-languages/article35618535.ece