Context: The All India Council of Technical Education is creating a database recently of resources to allow colleges to offer more programmes in regional languages.


  • On the first anniversary of the National Education Policy (NEP) recently, the Centre plans to officially roll out some initiatives promised in the policy.

Most probable initiatives to be rolled out:

  • Credit transfer system that will allow multiple entries and exit options in higher education.
  • Engineering programmes in regional languages.

Reforms not yet ready:

  • Higher Education Commission of India (HECI), 
  • The four-year undergraduate degree, and 
  • The common university entrance test.

The rationale behind such move:

  • The announced initiatives will improve the government’s report card on the policy’s implementation, which has also been slowed by COVID-19 disruptions.

About the Credit bank Rollout:

  • The Academic Bank of Credit will be rolled out for students in over 290 top institutions from the current academic year 2021-22 onwards.
  • Criteria for Institution:
    • All institutions in the top 100 of the National Institutional Ranking Framework. 
      • Those who have achieved an A grade under the National Assessment and Accreditation Council will be allowed to participate in the credit transfer system.
  • Benefits:
    • It will allow multiple entries and exit options for students.
    • However, the proposal for four-year undergraduate degrees has run into some opposition, especially from faculty at the premier University of Delhi.

About Subject choices and Regional language in Engineering programmes:

  • Multidisciplinarity is being encouraged with guidelines to be issued to allow the merger of institutes as well as to give students the choice of taking subjects such as: 
    • Social sciences, music and sports while getting engineering degrees, or even getting a minor degree in emerging areas while majoring in a different subject.
    • Although premier institutions such as the Indian Institutes of Technology have baulked at the idea of introducing courses in Indian languages. 
  • The Centre will announce the launch of engineering degrees in regional languages in about 14 smaller institutions. 
  • AICTE has developed a tool to translate engineering course content into 11 languages.
  • Benefits of Regional Language in Engineering:
    • It will offer access to higher education for students from rural, low-income families who may not be fluent in English.
    • It would help prevent language-based discrimination.
  • A four-hour training programme on artificial intelligence developed by the Central Board of Secondary Education and Intel India. 
    • It would also contribute to a digital-driven economy.
    • It aims to introduce artificial intelligence to 10 lakh people in its first year and is available in 11 languages.

Other Initiative Announced recently:

  • The launch of Indian Sign Language as a regular language subject in secondary schools.
    • It will promote inclusivity for speech and hearing-challenged students.
  • A three-month play module
    • To prepare children to enter Class 1.

Related Facts

About National Education Policy (NEP).

  • The policy redraws the schooling system by replacing the existing 10+2 model with a 5+3+3+4 formula. 
  • Students in the 3-8-year age group will be part of the foundation stage, 8-11 years for preparatory schooling, 11-14 years for middle school and 14-18 for secondary education.
  • Vocational education will also be part of the curriculum from Class 6 and 10-day internships will be introduced at schools. 
  • It also does away with the rigid course structures for science and arts streams, curricular and extracurricular activities, and emphasizes the need to track students’ learning outcomes.
  • Early Childhood Care and Education: The first six of life are critical years of human life since the rate of development in these years is more rapid than at any other stage of development. 
    • Early Childhood Care and Education (ECCE in NEP) makes a positive contribution to children’s long term development and learning by facilitating an enabling and stimulating environment in these foundation stages of lifelong learning.

About National Institutional Ranking Framework:

  • It is one of the criteria for private institutions assessment for the Institutions of Eminence (IoE) Scheme.
    • IoE Scheme is a government's scheme to provide the regulatory architecture for setting up or upgrading of 20 Institutions (10 from the public sector and 10 from the private sector) as world-class teaching and research institutions.
  • NIRF outlines a methodology to rank institutions across the country. 
    • The methodology draws from the overall recommendations and broad understanding arrived at by a Core Committee set up by MHRD.
  • Broad Parameters:
    • Teaching, Learning and Resources.
    • Research and Professional Practices.
    • Graduation Outcomes.
    • Outreach and Inclusivity.
    • Peer Perception.
  • 90% of the parameters in NIRF are completely objective and fact-based, while only 10% is based on the subjective parameter of perception by academic peers and employers.
  • In international rankings, Indian institutions’ low ranking is due to the high weightage given to the perception which is a subjective parameter.
  • It is acknowledged that Indian institutions struggle on the “internationalisation” parameter in global rankings and the NIRF rankings are believed to reach a point where international institutions will want to be included in the Indian ranking system rather than vice versa.

More about the India Ranking 2020.

More about the National Curriculum Framework.