Context: The All India Council of Technical Education is creating a database recently of resources to allow colleges to offer more programmes in regional languages.
- On the first anniversary of the National Education Policy (NEP) recently, the Centre plans to officially roll out some initiatives promised in the policy.
Most probable initiatives to be rolled out:
- Credit transfer system that will allow multiple entries and exit options in higher education.
- Engineering programmes in regional languages.
Reforms not yet ready:
- Higher Education Commission of India (HECI),
- The four-year undergraduate degree, and
- The common university entrance test.
The rationale behind such move:
- The announced initiatives will improve the government’s report card on the policy’s implementation, which has also been slowed by COVID-19 disruptions.
About the Credit bank Rollout:
- The Academic Bank of Credit will be rolled out for students in over 290 top institutions from the current academic year 2021-22 onwards.
- Criteria for Institution:
- All institutions in the top 100 of the National Institutional Ranking Framework.
- Those who have achieved an A grade under the National Assessment and Accreditation Council will be allowed to participate in the credit transfer system.
- It will allow multiple entries and exit options for students.
- However, the proposal for four-year undergraduate degrees has run into some opposition, especially from faculty at the premier University of Delhi.
About Subject choices and Regional language in Engineering programmes:
- Multidisciplinarity is being encouraged with guidelines to be issued to allow the merger of institutes as well as to give students the choice of taking subjects such as:
- Social sciences, music and sports while getting engineering degrees, or even getting a minor degree in emerging areas while majoring in a different subject.
- Although premier institutions such as the Indian Institutes of Technology have baulked at the idea of introducing courses in Indian languages.
- The Centre will announce the launch of engineering degrees in regional languages in about 14 smaller institutions.
- AICTE has developed a tool to translate engineering course content into 11 languages.
- Benefits of Regional Language in Engineering:
- It will offer access to higher education for students from rural, low-income families who may not be fluent in English.
- It would help prevent language-based discrimination.
- A four-hour training programme on artificial intelligence developed by the Central Board of Secondary Education and Intel India.
- It would also contribute to a digital-driven economy.
- It aims to introduce artificial intelligence to 10 lakh people in its first year and is available in 11 languages.
Other Initiative Announced recently:
- The launch of Indian Sign Language as a regular language subject in secondary schools.
- It will promote inclusivity for speech and hearing-challenged students.
- A three-month play module.
- To prepare children to enter Class 1.
- The policy redraws the schooling system by replacing the existing 10+2 model with a 5+3+3+4 formula.
- Students in the 3-8-year age group will be part of the foundation stage, 8-11 years for preparatory schooling, 11-14 years for middle school and 14-18 for secondary education.
- Vocational education will also be part of the curriculum from Class 6 and 10-day internships will be introduced at schools.
- It also does away with the rigid course structures for science and arts streams, curricular and extracurricular activities, and emphasizes the need to track students’ learning outcomes.
- Early Childhood Care and Education: The first six of life are critical years of human life since the rate of development in these years is more rapid than at any other stage of development.
- Early Childhood Care and Education (ECCE in NEP) makes a positive contribution to children’s long term development and learning by facilitating an enabling and stimulating environment in these foundation stages of lifelong learning.
About National Institutional Ranking Framework:
- It is one of the criteria for private institutions assessment for the Institutions of Eminence (IoE) Scheme.
- IoE Scheme is a government's scheme to provide the regulatory architecture for setting up or upgrading of 20 Institutions (10 from the public sector and 10 from the private sector) as world-class teaching and research institutions.
- NIRF outlines a methodology to rank institutions across the country.
- The methodology draws from the overall recommendations and broad understanding arrived at by a Core Committee set up by MHRD.
- Broad Parameters:
- Teaching, Learning and Resources.
- Research and Professional Practices.
- Graduation Outcomes.
- Outreach and Inclusivity.
- Peer Perception.
- 90% of the parameters in NIRF are completely objective and fact-based, while only 10% is based on the subjective parameter of perception by academic peers and employers.
- In international rankings, Indian institutions’ low ranking is due to the high weightage given to the perception which is a subjective parameter.
- It is acknowledged that Indian institutions struggle on the “internationalisation” parameter in global rankings and the NIRF rankings are believed to reach a point where international institutions will want to be included in the Indian ranking system rather than vice versa.
More about the India Ranking 2020.
More about the National Curriculum Framework.