The Ministry of Power is primarily responsible for the development of electrical energy in the country. In all technical matters, the Ministry of Power is assisted by the Central Electricity Authority (CEA). The Construction and operation of generation and transmission projects in the Central Sector are entrusted to Central Sector Corporations, viz., the National Thermal Power Corporation (NTPC), the National Hydroelectric Power Corporation (NHPC), the North-Eastern Electric Power Corporation (NEEPCO), and the Power Grid Corporation of India Limited (PGCIL). The Power grid is responsible for all the existing and future transmission projects in the central sector and also for the formation of the National Power Grid. Three statutory bodies, i.e., the Damodar Valley Corporation (DVC), the Bhakra-Beas Management Board (BBMB) and Bureau of Energy Efficiency (BEE), are also under the administrative control of the Ministry of Power. Programmes of Rural electrification are provided financial assistance by the Rural Electrification Corporation (REC). Power Generation The electricity generation target for the year 2017-18 was fixed at 1229.4 Billion Unit (BU). The actual generation during (April-December, 2017 has 906.2 BU, registering a growth of 3.8 per cent over the generation of 873.1 BU during the corresponding period last year. Deendayal Upadhyaya Gram Jyoti Yojana
Saubhagya – Pradhan Mantri Sahaj Bijli Har Ghar Yojana To achieve universal household electrification in the country by March, 2019, Government launched Saubhagya scheme with total cost of 16,320 crore including gross budgetary support of 12,320 crore during the entire implementation period. The scope of the Scheme includes: providing electricity connections to all un-electrified households in rural areas. APL households will get electricity connections on payment of 500 (which is payable is 10 installment in the electricity bill); providing Solar Photo Voltaic (SPV) based standalone system for un-electrified households located in remote and inaccessible villages/habitation, where grid extension is not feasible or cost effective; and providing electricity connections to all remaining economically poor un-electrified households in urban areas. Integrated Power Development Scheme Ministry of Power launched Integrated Power Development Scheme (IPDS) in 2014. UDAY-Ujawal DISCOM Assurance Yojana UDAY is voluntary scheme for participation and 26 states and 1 union territory have joined the scheme. The scheme is being monitored by an inter ministerial committee and a state level committee. A portal (www.uday.gov.in) has been developed for ease of data entry by states/DISCOMs. This portal provides basic analytics and progress of performance of various states/DISCOMs in the public domain as a measure of transparency. Development of National Grid National Power grid in the country is being developed in the phased manner. All five regional grids, namely northern region, western region, eastern region, northeastern region and southern region have been inter-connected in synchronous mode and total transfer capacity of inter-regional links in June, 2017 is about 75,050 MW. The updated version of Energy Conservation Building code (ECBC) was launched 2017. Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana to provide deposit free LPG connections to 8 crore women belonging to the Below Poverty Line (BPL) households. The primary objective is to provide access to clean cooking fuel LPG to BPL households thereby protecting their health by reducing the serious health hazards associated with use of conventional cooking fuels such as firewood, coal, cow dung, etc., which causes severe indoor household air pollution. PAHAL Applicable subsidy is directly transferred into the bank account of the beneficiaries. So far, more than 22.40 crore LPG consumers have joined the Scheme. Petroleum and Natural Gas India surpassed Russia to become the 3rd largest energy consumer in the world after China and USA during 2015. Oil and gas accounted for around 35 per cent share in India’s energy consumption. In fact, India surpassed Japan to become 3rd largest oil consumer in the world after US and China during 2015. Hindustan Petroleum Corporation Limited Hindustan Petroleum Corporation Limited (HPCL) is a mega Public Sector Undertaking (PSU) with ‘Navratna’ status. It has refineries; one in Mumbai (west coast) having a capacity of 6.5 MMTPA and the other in Visakhapatnam (east coast) with a capacity of 8.3 MMTPA. Gas Authority of India Limited The setting up of Gas Authority of India Limited (GAIL), formerly known as Gas Authority of India Limited in 1984 heralded a new era of natural gas in the country. Pricing of Petroleum products The Administered Pricing Mechanisam (APM) or cost plus pricing for petroleum products which was introduced in 1976 was abolished from 2002, consequent to the de-regulation of the oil sector in India. The Government notified that pricing of all petroleum products except PDS kerosene and domestic LPG would be market determined. In 2006, based on the recommendations of the Rangarajan Committee, the government changed the pricing mechanism for petrol and diesel from import parity to trade parity (trade parity being the weighted average of import parity and export parity prices in the ratio of 80:20) .The pricing of PDS kerosene and domestic LPG continues on import parity basis. Renewable Energy Potential India has an estimated renewable energy potential of about 900 GW from commercially exploitable sources viz. Wind-102 GW (at 80 metre mast height); small hydro-20 GW; bioenergy-25 GW; and 750 GW solar powers, assuming 3% wasteland is made available. National Biogas and Manure Management Programme The NBMMP was implemented during 2017-18 as per the demand and physical targets received from the states through their designated state nodal agencies/departments, KVIC and BDTCs. National Solar Mission 26 SPV projects of aggregate 330 MW capacity have been commissioned. Thus, 523 MW solar PV projects and 202.5 MW solar thermal power projects have been commissioned under the building scheme. Under the 100 SPV power plants, 78 projects were selected to set up 98 MW capacity projects from 12 states. Solar Cities Programme Under Development of Solar Cities Programme the Ministry assists municipal corporations and urban local bodies in preparation of a Master Plan for increasing energy efficiency and renewable energy supply in the city. Coal The Ministry of Coal (MoC) has the overall responsibility of determining policies and strategies in respect of exploration and development of coal lignite reserves, sanctioning of important projects of high value and for deciding all related issues. These Key functions are exercised through its public sector undertakings, namely Coal India Limited (CIL) and Neyveli Lignite Corporation Limited (NLC) and Singareni Collieries Company Limited (SCCL), a joint sector undertaking of Government of Telangana and Government of India with equity capital in the ratio of 51:49. Coal Production The overall production of coal for 2017-18 was projected at 730.10 MT. During the period April to December 2017 the actual production was 461.42 MT compared to 452.97 MT during corresponding period of 2016-17 showing a growth of 1.9 per cent. Coal India Limited Coal India Limited (CIL) is a ‘Maha Ratna’ company under the Ministry of coal, with headquarters at Kolkata, West Bengal. Neyveli Lignite Corporation Limited Neyveli Lignite Corporation Limited (NLC) was registered as a company in November 1956. The mining operations in Mine-I were formally inaugurated in 1957. Neyveli Lignite Corporation has been conferred with ‘Navratna’ status since 2011. Its registered office at Chennai.
- To separate agriculture and non-agriculture feeders for judicious rostering of supply to agricultural and non-agricultural consumers in rural areas.
- Strengthening and augmentation of sub transmission and distribution infrastructure in rural areas.
- Metering in rural areas