Context: The pan-India Agriculture trading portal e-NAM will be completing four years of implementation.
- Keeping in view the need of making marketing of commodities easier for farmers, e-NAM was envisioned in 21 mandis on 14th April, 2016 which has now reached 585 mandis across 16 States and 02 UTs.
- e-NAM was an innovative initiative in agricultural marketing to enhance farmers' accessibility digitally to multiple numbers of markets & buyers.
- It brings transparency in trade transactions with the intent to improve price discovery mechanism, quality commensurate price realization and also to develop the concept of One Nation One Market for agriculture produce.
- This online platform is proven to be a giant leap in reforming the agriculture market in India.
- Farmers are free to register on e-NAM portal and they are uploading their produce for sale online to the traders across all e-NAM mandis and traders can bid for the lots available for sale on e-NAM from any location.
Initiatives during COVID-19 lockdown:
- In order to debottleneck Logistics of Agri Produce and providing adequate and timely transportation facility to the farmers/traders during lockdown period, e-NAM platform has created an Interface with large transport aggregators like Blackbuck, Rivigo, Mavyn, Truck Suvidha, Truck Guru, Transin Logistics, Elastic Run etc.
- This would help traders to find and arrange timely movement of produces from mandi to various other locations.
- Initiatives of Union Ministry for Agriculture taken during COVID-19 lockdown, to decongest wholesale markets & to make supply chain agile that includes recently launched modules under e-NAM namely:
- Warehouse based trading module enabling farmers to sell their produce from WDRA registered warehouses notified as deemed market &
- FPO trading module, enabling FPOs to upload produce from collection centers with picture/ quality parameters and also avail bidding facility without going to mandis, which will reduce their logistic costs and hassle to sell their produce.
Achievements of e-NAM:
- Initially started with 25 commodities, e-trade facilities provided on 150 commodities with tradable parameters on e-NAM portal.
- Quality assaying testing facilities are being provided in e-NAM mandis which helps farmers in getting prices commensurate with quality of their produce.
- e-NAM platform/ mobile app: Has been further strengthened with “Farmers friendly” features such as Advance registration of the lot through app which in turn will reduce waiting time for farmers at gate entry of the mandi.
- Electronic weighing scales have been provided to accurately weigh the commodities of farmers after bidding on e-NAM platform to bring transparency in weighing.
- Payment to farmers by traders now can be done through mobile phone using BHIM payment facility.
- For traders the additional OTG (On the Go) features have been added such as Buyers bidding from anywhere even without physically present in the mand.
- To build confidence among the traders for assaying, the Ministry of Agriculture has launched new features related to assaying like :
- 360 degree image capturing of the commodity heap through e-NAM mobile app,
- Assayer can upload 2/3 2D image of Laboratory with equipment and
- Also upload 2D images of the commodity sampling process for the lot for better confidence of traders on e-NAM.
- The platform has seen a pick-up in inter-mandi trade both within and, more recently, between States.
e-NAM is not just a scheme but it’s a journey which aims to benefit the last mile farmer and transform the way they sell their agricultural produce. This intervention brings immense benefits to Indian farmers in augmenting their incomes in a transparent manner without incurring additional costs.
Electronic National Agriculture Market
National Agriculture Market (eNAM) is a pan-India electronic trading portal launched in 2016 which networks the existing APMC mandis to create a unified national market for agricultural commodities.
- Implementing agency: Small Farmers Agribusiness Consortium (SFAC) is the lead agency for implementing eNAM under the aegis of Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers’ Welfare, Government of India.
- Implementation - A Central Sector Scheme. Willing states enact suitable provisions in their APMC act for integration with the e-platform. Soil Testing Laboratories available in the mandis itself.
- Vision: To promote uniformity in agriculture marketing by streamlining of procedures across the integrated markets, removing information asymmetry between buyers and sellers and promoting real time price discovery based on actual demand and supply.
- Integration of APMCs across the country through a common online market platform to facilitate pan-India trade in agriculture commodities,
- Providing better price discovery through a transparent auction process based on quality of produce along with timely online payment. It is a virtual market but it is connected to a mandis at the back end and promotes genuine price discovery.
- Funding: Funded by Agri-Tech Infrastructure Fund (ATIF) which is set up through the Small Farmers Agribusiness Consortium (SFAC).
- License: Liberal licensing of traders and commission agents by state authorities and one license for a trader is valid across all markets in the state.
- Market Fee: Single point levy on the first wholesale purchase from the farmer.
Image Source: enam.gov.in