drdo-successfully-flight-tests-surface-to-air-missile-akash-ng

Context: Defence Research & Development Organisation (DRDO) successfully flight-tested the New Generation Akash Missile (Akash-NG).

More in the news:

  • It was tested from an integrated test range off the Odisha coast in a boost to air defence capabilities.
  • Separately, the DRDO also successfully flight-tested the Akash-NG weapon system, paving the way for its production for the Army.

About the Akash-NG missile:

  • Deployment:
    • Once deployed, the Akash-NG weapon system will prove to be a force multiplier for the air defence capability of the IAF.
  • Development and Production:
    • The missile system has been developed by Defence Research & Development Laboratory (DRDL), Hyderabad in collaboration with other DRDO laboratories.
    • It is being produced by Bharat Electronics Limited (BEL) and Bharat Dynamics Limited (BDL).
  • Missile Type, Range and Speed:
    • It is a Surface to Air Missile (SAM).
    • The new variant of the Akash missile (Akash-NG) has a slightly better range compared to the original version that can strike targets at a distance of around 25-30 km.
    • The new version of the Akash missile (Akash-NG) can strike targets at a distance of around 60 km and fly at a speed of up to Mach 2.5.

About Man-Portable Anti-Tank Guided Missile (MPATGM).

  • It is an indigenously-developed anti-tank guided missile.
    • Anti Tank guided missile is a medium or long-range missile whose primary purpose is to destroy tanks and other armoured vehicles.
  • It is launched using a tripod designed for a maximum range of 2.5 km with a launch weight of less than 15 Kg
  • It is a low weight, fire and forgets missile. 
  • It is equipped with a state-of-the-art Miniaturized Infrared Imaging Seeker along with advanced avionics.
  • History:
    • India had started working on MPATGM back in 2005
    • The first trial of the MPATGM was conducted on 15 September 2018, and the second on 16 September 2018.
    • In 2019, the DRDO test-fired this missile for the first time on 13 March and the second test was conducted on 14 March in the Rajasthan desert.
    • The test paves the way for the Army to have developed third-generation man-portable ATGM indigenously.

Related Facts:

Akash Missile System:

  • Akash (in Sanskrit sky) is a medium-range surface-to-air missile (SAM) developed as part of India's Integrated Guided Missile Development Programme (IGMDP) to achieve self-sufficiency in the area of surface-to-air missiles. 
  • Range:
    • It has an intercept range of 30 km. 
    • It can reach an altitude of 18 km. 
  • Speed:
    • Akash flies at supersonic speed, reaching around Mach 2.5. 
  • Technologies:
    • A self-destruct device is also integrated. 
    • The entire Akash SAM system allows for attacking multiple targets. 
  • Target System:
    • The missile is supported by multi-target and multi-function phased array fire control radar called the 'Rajendra' with a range of about 80 km in search, and 60 km in terms of engagement. 
    • The missile is completely guided by the Radar, without any active guidance of its own. 
      • This allows it greater capability against jamming as the aircraft self-protection jammer would have to work against the high-power Rajendra. 
      • The aircraft being attacked is not alerted by any terminal seeker on the Akash itself. 
  • Operation:
    • The Akash system can be deployed by rail, road or air to neutralised targets like fighter jets, cruise missiles and air-to-surface missiles as well as ballistic missiles.

Source:https://pib.gov.in/PressReleasePage.aspx?PRID=1737532