In news: Two new species of Zingiber, commonly referred to as gingers have been discovered from Nagaland by the scientists from the Botanical Survey of India (BSI).
- Zingiber perenense has been discovered from the Peren district of Nagaland, while Zingiber dimapurense was found in the Dimapur district of the State.
- India is a leading producer of ginger in the world. Ginger is cultivated in most of the states in India.
- States growing ginger: states namely Karnataka, Orissa, Assam, Meghalaya, Arunachal Pradesh and Gujarat together contribute 65 per cent to the country’s total production.
- Climate: Ginger grows well in warm and humid climates and is cultivated from sea level to an altitude of 1500 m above sea level. Ginger can be grown both under rain fed and irrigated conditions.
- Soil: Ginger thrives best in well drained soils like sandy loam, clay loam, red loam or lateritic loam.
The genus Zingiber has 141 species distributed throughout Asia, Australia and the South Pacific, with its centre of diversity in Southeast Asia. More than 20 species have been found in northeastern India.