Discovery of 2 new species of Ginger - Jatin Verma

Discovery of 2 new species of Ginger

Updated on 11 September, 2019

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  • Two new species of Zingiber, commonly referred to as gingers have been discovered from Nagaland by the scientists from the Botanical Survey of India (BSI).
  • Zingiber perenense has been discovered from the Peren district of Nagaland, while Zingiber dimapurense was found in the Dimapur district of the State.
  • Of the two species, Zingiber dimapurense is taller, with leafy shoots measuring 90-120 cm high, whereas the leafy shoots of Zingiber perenense reach up to 70 cm.
About Zingiber dimapurense
  • The lip of the flower (modified corolla) for Zingiber dimapurense is white in colour, with dense dark- purplish red blotches.
  • Its pollen is a creamy-white and ovato-ellipsoidal, whereas the fruit is an oblong 4.5 cm-5.5 cm long capsule.
About Zingiber perenense
  • Zingiber perenense was discovered about 50 kilometers away from where Zingiber dimapurense was found.
  • The lip of the flower for Zingiber perenense is white in colour with purplish-red streaks all over, and the pollen is ellipsoidal.
  • The plant was found growing in moist shady places on the bank of a small steam in the hilly terrain forest of the Tesen village under the Peren subdivision.
  • Family: Zingiberaceae
  • It is an herbaceous perennial, the rhizomes of which are used as a spice.
  • India is a leading producer of ginger in the world. Ginger is cultivated in most of the states in India.
  • However, states namely Karnataka, Orissa, Assam, Meghalaya, Arunachal Pradesh and Gujarat together contribute 65 percent to the country's total production.
Climate and soil
  • Ginger grows well in a warm and humid climate and is cultivated from sea level to an altitude of 1500 m above sea level.
  • Ginger can be grown both under rainfed and irrigated conditions.
  • For successful cultivation of the crop, a moderate rainfall at sowing time till the rhizomes sprout, fairly heavy and well-distributed showers during the growing period and dry weather for about a month before harvesting are necessary.
  • Ginger thrives best in well-drained soils like sandy loam, clay loam, red loam or lateritic loam.
  • The genus Zingiber has 141 species distributed throughout Asia, Australia and the South Pacific, with its centre of diversity in Southeast Asia.
  • More than 20 species have been found in northeastern India.
  • Earlier discoveries of Zingiber include Hedychium chingmeianum from the Tuensang district of Nagaland, Caulokaempferia dinabandhuensis from the Ukhrul district in Manipur in 2017, and Zingiber bipinianum from Meghalaya in 2015.
The Top Ginger Producing Countries
  • The global production of ginger was 2.1 million tons in the year 2013.
  • India was the top producing country accounting for 33% of the world's total ginger production with 0.683 million tons.
  • China followed in second place with 19% which accounted for 0.390 million tons.
  • Nepal came in third place with 0.235 million tons while the other two top producing countries of ginger were Indonesia and Nigeria accounting for 0.233 and 0.160 million tons respectively.
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