Context: The Department of Fisheries, Ministry of Fisheries, Animal Husbandry and Dairying, is celebrating the ‘World Fisheries Day’ on 21st November 2020 .
More on the news:
- Participants: The fishers, fish farmers, entrepreneurs, stakeholders, professionals, officials, and Scientists from across the nation will be participating in the event.
- Various awards for the first time:
- Best performing States for 2019-20: Odisha (amongst Marine states), Uttar Pradesh (amongst Inland states), and Assam (amongst Hilly and NE states).
- Best Organisations for 2019-20: Tamil Nadu Fisheries Development Corporation Ltd. (for Marine); Telangana State Fishermen Cooperative societies Federation Ltd (for Inland)
- Best Marine District: Krishna District, Andhra Pradesh as best Marine District; Best Inland districts: Kalahandi, Odisha as best Inland District
- Best Hilly district: Nagaon, Assam as Best Hilly and NE District.
- Other than this, there will be award felicitations to best Fisheries Enterprise; best performing Fisheries Cooperative Societies/FFPOs/SSG and best Individual entrepreneurs; best Marine and Inland Fish Farmer; and best Finfish and Shrimp hatcheries as well.
World Fisheries Day
- It is celebrated on 21st November every year to demonstrate solidarity with all fisherfolk, fish farmers, and concerned stakeholders throughout the world.
- It started in 1997 where “World Forum of Fish Harvesters & Fish Workers” met in New Delhi leading to the formation of the “World Fisheries Forum”.
- It contained representatives from 18 countries and signed a declaration advocating for a global mandate of sustainable fishing practices and policies.
- The event aims to draw attention to overfishing, habitat destruction, and other serious threats to the sustainability of our marine and inland resources.
- The celebrations serve to focus on changing the way the world manages global fisheries to ensure sustainable stocks and healthy ecosystems.
Few stats related to fisheries in India
- India is the leading fish producing country and second major producer of fish through aquaculture in the world.
- Employment: Fisheries sector in India provides direct employment to about 28 million fishers and fish farmers besides meeting the food and nutritional security and foreign exchange earnings.
- Worldwide comparison: India contributes about 7.7% to the global fish production and the country ranks 4th in global exports of fish products.
- The sector envisioned to increase the farmers’ income through enhancement of production and productivity, improving the quality and reduction of waste.
Steps taken by government of India to improve fisheries sector
- Blue revolution: The Indian government is in the forefront in transforming the sector and to usher in economic revolution through Blue Revolution in the country.
- The Centrally Sponsored Scheme “Blue Revolution” was launched in December, 2015.
- It had made vital contributions towards the development of the sector. The Fisheries sector has contributed about 1.24% to the national GVA and about 7.28% of the agricultural GVA in 2018-19.
- Pradhan Mantri Matsya Sampada Yojana (PMMSY)
- Recently Indian PM launched the “Pradhan Mantri Matsya Sampada Yojana '' (PMMSY) at an estimated investment of Rs. 20,050 crores for a period of five years, i.e., from 2020-21 to 2024-25.
- To achieve fish production to 22 million metric tonnes (MMT) by 2024-25
- Also to create an additional employment opportunity to about 55 lakh people.
- Components: The new scheme provides thrust for infusing new and emerging technologies in fisheries and aquaculture to
- Enhance production and productivity,
- Welfare of fishers and fish farmers,
- Creating a conducive environment for private sector participation,
- Development of entrepreneurship,
- Promotion of ease of doing business,
- Innovations and innovative project activities including start-ups, incubators etc.
- Other initiatives
- Fisheries and Aquaculture Infrastructure Development Fund (FIDF): It was started in 2018-19 Rs.7,522.48 crores
- It will also cater to creation of fisheries infrastructure facilities both in marine and inland fisheries sectors to augment the fish production in the country.
Besides, the Indian government has also extended the facilities of Kissan Credit Cards (KCC) to fishers and fish farmers to help them in meeting their working capital needs.
Image Source: PIB