GS1: World History
- "Explained: What happened in Hiroshima and Nagasaki in August 1945?(IE); On the morning of August 6, a B-29 bomber Enola Gay dropped the atomic bomb called “Little Boy” on the city of Hiroshima, killing over 80,000 people. Three days later, another atomic bomb called “Fat Man” was dropped over Nagasaki killing more than 40,000 people
- Taking nuclear vulnerabilities seriously(TH)" Deterrence enthusiasts claim that nuclear weapons do not just protect countries against use of nuclear weapons by others, but even prevent war and promote stability. These claims do not hold up to evidence. Nuclear threats have not always produced fear and, in turn, fear has not always induced caution.
- 3-Storey Structure with Nagara Style Architecture, This is What Ayodhya's Ram Temple Will Look Like The temple, which will be built in the Nagara style of architecture, will comprise three stories with pillars and domes. It will be double the size of the previous planned design.
GS1: Social Issues
- Brus reject resettlement site offer(TH) The JMC comprising the Bengali, Mizo, Buddhist Barua and other communities had on July 21 submitted a memorandum to the Tripura government specifying six places in Kanchanpur and Panisagar subdivisions of North Tripura district for the resettlement of the Brus who fled ethnic violence in Mizoram since 1997. The JMC also proposed settling 500 families at most in these places.
- EWS quota challenge referred to Constitution Bench(TH) To decide whether “economic backwardness” can be the sole criterion for granting quota.
- JNU gets ₹455.02 cr. from HEFA for new infrastructure(TH) Research capability to be increased and special centre for e-learning to come up
- New equality, enduring changes(IE) For the first time after seven decades, the Indian Constitution and all the 890 Central laws are fully applicable to J&K.
- A.P. HC stays operation of three-capital Act(TH) Their argument is that the decentralisation Act ignored the existing projects and those under construction across nine ‘theme cities’ in Amaravati on which a massive amount had been spent from the exchequer. The said Act posed a threat to the farmers’ livelihood and it would affect the economy of the entire State.
- "Explained: What is Parivar Pehchan Patra launched by Haryana, how is it different from Aadhaar?(IE)" The 8-digit Parivar Pehchan Patra (PPP) is meant for each family across the state to enable smooth and automatic delivery of several citizen-centric services launched by the state government from time to time.
GS3: Science & Technology
- Explained: What is ammonium nitrate, which caused the massive explosion in Beirut? (IE) In India, The Ammonium Nitrate Rules, 2012, under The Explosives Act, 1884, define ammonium nitrate as the “compound with formula NH4NO3 including any mixture or compound having more than 45 per cent ammonium nitrate by weight including emulsions, suspensions, melts or gels but excluding emulsion or slurry explosives and non explosives emulsion matrix and fertilizers from which the ammonium nitrate cannot be separated”.
- Jal Jeevan Mission: A reservoir of clean water & employment opportunities(PIB) Another health concern is Japanese Encephalitis and Acute Encephalitis Syndrome (JE-AES) and the affected 10 priority districts of the State have to be provided potable water on priority. The State has planned to provide 25.46 lakh household tap connection in these priority districts during 2020-21. Centre has advised the State to provide safe drinking water through 100% household connection in these districts by 2022 to reduce morbidity, mortality and disability in children due to JE/ AES.
GS3: Disaster Management
Hydro-Meteorological Hazards Risk Reduction(PIB) The webinar series include four webinars focusing on issues apropos of ‘Thunderstorms and Lightning’, ‘Cloudburst and Floods’, ‘Cyclones and Storm Surges’ and ‘Climate Change and Extreme Weather Events’. The webinar series exhorted on enhancing human capacity in terms of better understanding of Hydro-Meteorological Hazards Risk and effective collaborative actions, by implementing Prime Minister’s 10-point agenda and Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction, for reducing the risk and enhancing the resilience of affected communities and surroundings.