The Hindu

GS2: Indian Constitution—Historical Underpinnings, Evolution, Features, Amendments, Significant Provisions and Basic Structure.

GS2: Parliament and State Legislatures—Structure, Functioning, Conduct of Business, Powers & Privileges and Issues Arising out of these.

GS2: Welfare Schemes for Vulnerable Sections

GS2: Bilateral, Regional and Global Groupings and Agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests.

GS2: Issues Relating to Development and Management of Social Sector/Services relating to Education,

  • The future of learning in India is ed-tech Amitabh Kant writes: The pandemic-induced learning crisis and the Fourth Industrial Revolution have made it necessary to reimagine education and align it with the unprecedented technological transformation.
  • The trouble with rankings A culture of ranking is dominating today’s world. University rankings such as Times Higher Education and Quacquarelli Symonds create a huge uproar.

Indian Express

GS2: Welfare Schemes for Vulnerable Sections

GS3: Disaster Management

GS3: Science and Technology- Developments and their Applications and Effects in Everyday Life.

  • LIGO spots the first collision between neutron star and black hole. There is huge excitement among scientists with the first confirmed detection of a neutron star-black hole (NS-BH) collision being reported. This ground breaking discovery of gravitational waves from a pair of NS-BH mergers was published in the Astrophysical Journal Letters on Tuesday.

PIB Corner

GS2: Government Policies and Interventions for Development in various sectors and Issues arising out of their Design and Implementation.

  • Mass Emission Standards for E 12 and E 15 Fuels notified The Ministry of Road Transport and Highways has issued a draft notification dated 28th June 2021,    notifying mass emission standards for E 12( blend of 12% ethanol in gasoline) & E 15 fuels , thereby facilitating their use as automotive fuels.