daily-news-prescription-30-september-2020

GS2: Governance

  • A wage code that is a hasty composition(TH) The Code on Wages, 2019 seeks to consolidate and simplify four pieces of legislation — Payment of Wages Act, 1936, Minimum Wages Act, 1948, Payment of Bonus Act, 1965 and Equal Remuneration Act, 1976 — into a single code. Its object and reasons stated that even the Second National Commission on Labour (Ravindra Varma, 2002) suggested consolidating all labour laws into four codes.
  • A demarcation in the interest of public order(TH) The Supreme Court has made a distinction between law and order, relating to individual crime, and public order, pertaining to a community at large. The top court has also emphasised that the two terms are not interchangeable.

GS2: International Relations

GS2: Social issues

  • 299 vs 97 min per day: NSS confirms household,unpaid work falls on women(IE) It shows women participation in unpaid domestic services for household members – cooking, cleaning, household management – is as high as 81.2 per cent each day compared with 26.1 per cent for men. Women spend 299 minutes (almost 5 hours), thrice as much as men (97 minutes or 1 hour 37 minutes).
  • NCRB data: 7% rise in crimes against women(IE) CRIMES AGAINST women increased 7.3 per cent from 2018 to 2019, and crimes against Scheduled Castes also went up 7.3 per cent in the same period, according to the annual National Crime Record Bureau’s “Crime in India” 2019 report.
  • Transgender rules issued: no medica lexam needed to declare desired sex(IE) Transgender persons who want to declare their desired sex will no longer have to go through a medical examination in order to do so, according to the Transgender Persons (Protection of Rights) Rules 2020, issued by the Union Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment on Monday.

GS3: Economy

  • The perils of state overreach(TH) Finally, this decision shows the significance of the ISDS regime to hold states accountable under international law when in case of undue expansion of state power. The case is a reminder that the ISDS regime, notwithstanding its weaknesses, can play an important role in fostering international rule of law.
  • What delay in RBI panel meet means(IE) In 2016, the government had provided statutory backing to the MPC by notifying amendments to the RBI Act, 1934. The inflation target and tolerance band around it, and accountability with respect to failure to achieve the target, were notified by the government during May-August 2016. It was for the first time that an explicit inflation target was given to the RBI, along with failure level.

PIB Corner

  • Dr Harsh Vardhan addresses The Partnership for Maternal, Newborn and Child Health’s (PMNCH) ‘Accountability Breakfast’ The Minister spoke of the government’s stated policy of no denial for essential services, like-Reproductive Maternal Newborn, Child and Adolescent Health (RMNCAH), Tuberculosis, chemotherapy, dialysis and healthcare of the elderly, irrespective of the COVID status, the free testing and treatment for COVID across government health facilities and the inclusion of COVID in the medical conditions covered under the Ayushman Bharat – PM JAY insurance package provided by the government, which caters to almost 500 million people from the weakest socio-economic strata. He expressed satisfaction that these steps have helped in reducing reduce Out-of-Pocket-Expenditure of those affected